Yogyakarta Travel Information
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The city of Yogyakarta is the capital of smallest province of Indonesia (excluding Jakarta). Yogyakarta is located on the island of Java. It is the still formally governed by a precolonial Sultanate. Yogyakarta city is known as a center of classical Javanese fine art and culture such as batik, ballet, drama, music, poetry and puppet shows. It is also famous as a center for Indonesian higher education. Yogyakarta has enjoyed the status of being an Indonesian capital during the Indonesian National Revolution from 1945 to 1949. The city of Yogyakarta is also famous as a center for Indonesian higher education. The city is bestowed with several major universities.

The city of Yogyakarta is widely recognized as an educational city. The north of the city is home to Gadjah Mada University. This university is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in Indonesia. Other famous universities in Yogyakarta are Institut Sains dan Teknologi AKPRIND - Yogyakarta, Indonesian Institute of the Arts - Yogyakarta, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta and Universitas Islam Indonesia. Yogyakarta is renowned for its silver work, leather puppets used for shadow plays (wayang kulit), and a unique style of making batik dyed fabric. Yogyakarta is also known for its gamelan music, including the unique style Gamelan Yogyakarta, which developed in the courts. Each Year the city hosts several trade shows, exhibitions and trade fairs, thereby attracting millions of visitors and exhibitors throughout the year.

Yogyakarta although is not a major contributor to Indonesian Economy, is a rapidly developing region of the Indonesian islands. The City of Yogyakarta has fishing and agriculture as its major sectors which support the economy. Fishing is widely developed and is the livelihood of most of the people. The city attracts a large number of tourists each year. The city has also developed various industries. Tourism and service sectors have started developing since 1998 elections.

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History & Evolution
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Yogyakarta cetainly has a very colourful and vibrant history. The city is known as a destination rich in cultural heritage and traditional architectures. The city came into picture in the 18th century when the Muslim Mataram Kingdom was under the regime of Pakubuwono II. The kingdom was however divided in two regions like Surakarta Hadiningrat kingdom and Nyayogyakarta Hadiningrat kingdom. The second kingdom was only called Yogyakarta. The Yogyakarta Sultanate was established in 1755. The Sultan Hamengkubuwono I spent a good many years to build the capital Surakarta and Kraton was declared as the centerpiece.

Yogyakarta Special region became a province in 1950 because of its contribution in the independence struggle. The city of Yogyakarta became the capital of this province. In 1945 Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogyakarta and Sri Paku Alam V111 in Yogya declared their independent sultanates to be a part of the Republic of Indonesia. In 1998 however the new Sultan Hamengkubuwono X was selected as the new governor of the provincial House of Representatives. The city was shattered by th 2006 earthquake which led to the loss of life and property. However the city of Yogyakarta still stands out as a major city of Indonesia and an attractive tourist destination.

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yogyakarta shopping yogyakarta shopping

Shopping in Yogyakarta is inexpensive, and especially Yogyakarta city offers some excellent shopping for locally produced handicrafts, batik, art, ceramics, traditional wooden puppets and silverware. The central commercial district of Jalan Malioboro has plenty of souvenir shops and the market of Beringharjo, while the nearby Jalan Solo street is popular amongst local shoppers. Yogyakarta city also has several modern shopping malls, including Malioboro Mall, Galleria Mall and Saphir Square.

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Yogyakarta Transportation Yogyakarta Transportation

Yogyakarta is a major tourist destination in Indonesia and is visited by people from all over the world. The ancient temples, the majestic palaces, the beautiful sceneries and the intriguing festivals accounts for the immense popularity of the place. Thus the city of Yogyakarta is bound to have a well developed transportation system.

Yogyakarta Airport:
The Adisucipto International Airport in Yogyakarta is the only major airport of the City. The Airport serves flights from all over Indonesia and few international flights as well. The airport is located 8 km east of town and is a small but busy domestic hub presently undergoing renovation and expansion.

Yogyakarta Railway Transportation:
The Yogyakarta railway station is also called Tugu Station. The Argo-class trains (Argo Lawu and Argo Dwipangga) are the best of the lot: most comfortable and fastest . Taksaka is almost as good. These expresses connect Yogyakarta to other cities of Indonesia. Sancaka service operates in the morning and afternoon. This serves the region of Surabya. The other trains of the city are Prambanan Ekspres trains.

Local Transportation of Yogyakarta:
Bus: The major bus stop of Yogyakarta is Giwangan. This bus terminus is located 4 kms southeast from the center of Yogyakarta. There are regular services provided by the buses throughout the island, including Jakarta, Surabaya and Badung. The two types of buses that ply in the city are regular buses and patas. They connect all the major parts of the city.

Taxi: Taxis are the most comfortable and convenient way for getting around the city. The Taxi are not much expensive to hire and connect all major parts of the city.

Becaks: Traditional three-wheeled and pedal-powered cart Becaks in the city of Yogyakarta are also known by the name Trishaws. They are a popular mode of transport in the city.

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parangtritis beach Affandi Museum acts

The city of Yogyakarta attracts millions of tourists each year from Indonesia and other parts of the world. The city is renowned for its cultural heritage. One can enjoy the visits to ancient temples, museums and markets which add the charm

The main attraction in Yogyakarta province are the ancient Buddhist and Hindu temple areas of Borobudur and Prambanan, that are both listed as World Heritage sites. Constructed between the 7th and the 9th century solely by human labor, these temple complexes are a must see for any visitors to Java. Borobudur, located in Magelang, 40 minutes bus ride away from Yogyakarta city, is one of the historic marvels of Asia. This massive Buddhist temple area is renowned for its beautiful sculptures, and is easy to visit daily from the city. The Hindu temples of Prambanan, located just 20 minutes away from Yogyakarta city are almost as impressive. There are also smaller temples from the same period in Kalasan.

Baron Beach:
The Baron Beach is a beautiful beach which lies in the Kemandang Village in the city of Yogyakarta. The beach also has a limestone mountain which is a famous site for adventure. One can admire the beauty of the beach by the mazing view that is generated from the top of the hill. The beach is also popular as a fishing destination. There is an underground river near the beach. Visitors love to take a bath in this river. The beach hosts a famous local fesival celebrated in the first month of local calander, the festival is called Labuhan.

Kraton Complex:
The huge Kraton Complex in Yogyakarta reflects the lifestyles of the royal Sultans of the city. The Kraton Complex is a huge residential complex that had served as the residence of the Sultans of Yogyakarta for almost 250 years. The complex has royal palaces, houses of king's attendants and servants. Due to its mammoth size the complex is sometimes called 'The city within a city'. The main palace is called Kraton Yogyakarta and it remains open from 9am to 3pm.

The complex also has the famous Alun Alun grounds named after the two Sultans. The grounds hosts a parade on Prophet Mohammad's Birthday. The complex also has Taman Sari which is a water Castle that was built by the first sultan of Yogyakarta. The beautiful bathing pools can still be detected in the ruined structure. Siti Hinggil Selatan is a palace in the complex that hosts shadow puppet shows every weekend. The complex also houses a Mosque and a Museam.

Benteng Vredeburg:
Benteng Vredeburg also known as the Vredeburg Fort is a famous attraction in the city of Yogyakarta. This particular fort is located opposite the Gedung Agung. This ancient structure was created in 1765 by the Dutch.

The fort was built to protect the Dutch residents from the attacks of Sultans. The fort is surrounded by moats. These have been well maintained and these can be seen even today. The entire fort has a rectangular shape. One can also witness the the Sultan's Palace from the fort. Besides this there are also a number of other historical monuments around the Palace that can be seen from this point.

Affandi Museum:
Up until his death in 1990, Affandi, Indonesia's best-known artist internationally, lived and worked in an unusual tree-house studio overlooking the river, about 6km east of the town centre. The Affandi Museum in the grounds exhibits his impressionist works, as well as paintings by his daughter Kartika and other artists. Affandi is buried in the back garden.

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