USA Travel Information
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Introduction || History || Climate || Shopping || Attraction || Transportation || Map
 
Introduction


New York CityThis is a country of road trips and great open skies, where four million miles of highways lead past red-rock deserts, below towering mountain peaks, and across fertile wheat fields that roll off toward the horizon. The sun-bleached hillsides of the Great Plains, the lush forests of the Pacific Northwest and the scenic country lanes of New England are a few fine starting points for the great American road trip.

The USA is a huge country to explore, with 50 states to choose from, flanked by two oceans and covering an incredibly varied terrain. For five centuries, since the discoveries of Christopher Columbus, people from every corner of the globe have come here in search of 'the American Dream'.

Between them, they have created the richest, most powerful country on earth, and a fascinating melting pot of cultures and traditions.

 

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History


The history of the United States traditionally starts with the Declaration of Independence in 1776, yet its territory was occupied first by the Native Americans since prehistoric times and then also by European colonists mostly following the voyages of Christopher Columbus starting in 1492. The Thirteen Colonies won independence from the British Empire in the American Revolution and as states ratified the Articles of Confederation and then the Constitution in 1789 as the basis for the United States federal government. The young nation continued to struggle with the scope of central government and with European influence, spurring the first political parties, the War of 1812, and the Monroe Doctrine.

U.S. territory grew westward across North America but was opposed on the frontier by Native Americans, Mexico, and others, and domestically by those fearing the expansion would shift the balance of power from one region to another. Slavery of Africans in the Southern states became a divisive issue between North and South, requiring compromises for further expansion. The election of Abraham Lincoln sparked a crisis as eleven slave states seceded to found the Confederate States of America in 1861, and led to the catastrophic, four-year American Civil War. The South was defeated and, in the Reconstruction era, the U.S. ended slavery, began extending rights to African Americans, and readmitted secessionist states with loyal governments. The present 48 contiguous states were admitted by early 1912.

The U.S. rose as an industrialized power by the early 20th century. Changes in lifestyle led to the Progressive movement, which pushed for reform in industry and politics and is associated with women's suffrage and Prohibition (the latter failed by 1933). Initially committed to neutrality, the U.S. eventually entered World War I in 1917, and despite U.S. attempts to foster the League of Nations, popular support remained isolationist. The Wall Street Crash of 1929 punctuated the onset of the Great Depression, to which the federal government responded with New Deal recovery programs. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 pulled the nation into World War II alongside the Allies, and helped defeat Nazi Germany in Europe and, with the detonation of newly-invented atomic bombs, Japan in Asia and the Pacific.

The Soviet Union and the U.S. emerged as opposing superpowers after the war, and with mutually assured destruction of the Atomic Age discouraging direct conflict, they began the Cold War confronting on other fronts including an arms race, the Space Race, and intervention in Europe and eastern Asia. Liberalism reflected in the civil rights movement and opposition to the Vietnam War peaked in the 1960s–70s before giving way to conservatism in the early 1980s. The Cold War ended when the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991, leaving the U.S. to prosper in the booming Information Age economy that was boosted, at least in part, by information technology. International conflict and economic uncertainty heightened by 2001 with the September 11 attacks and subsequent War on Terror and the late-2000s recession.

 

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Climate


The climate in USA varies across different parts of the country. Generally, the western and southern parts of US have warmer weather as compared to the eastern and northern parts. The eastern/northern parts of US experience harsh winters with heavy snowfall but the summers are pleasant. The western/southern part has extremely hot summers and comparatively tolerable winters. Find out where you are likely to stay in the US and plan accordingly.

 

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Shopping


Variety, late-closing hours, competitive prices and an abundance of retail goods typify US shopping. Many small stores, speciality food shops and hypermarkets are open 24 hours a day. Clothes and electronic goods can often be bought direct from factory outlet stores. Retail outlets range from flea markets and bargain stores to large chain department stores. Malls are a popular way of shopping in the USA and consist of a cluster of different shops in one building, often multi-level, connected by indoor plazas and eateries.

Note that a sales tax is levied on most items in most states, and the addition is not included on the price label; sales tax can be anywhere from 3 to 15%, variable by state.

 

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Attraction


American Museum of Natural historyAmerican Museum of Natural history

The American Museum of Natural history is one of the largest and most innovative museums in the world. Founded in New York in 1869, this wonderland is well known for its dinosaur fossils (as seen in the movie Night at the Museum) and the Milstein Hall of Ocean Life.

The Rose Center for Earth & Space has been the star attraction at the museum since its much-heralded opening in 2000. Just gazing at its facade – a massive glass box containing a silver globe (home to the Hayden Planetarium Space Theater) is mesmerizing, especially when aglow at night.

Kids of all ages will find something to intrigue them, whether it’s the Alaskan Brown Bear diorama, the 563 carat Star of India sapphire or a skullcap of Pachycephalasasurus – a plant-eating dino that roamed the earth 65 million years ago. More New York Travel Info

Coit TowerCoit Tower

Up the Filbert Street steps at Coit Tower, you'll find 360-degree views of downtown and wrap-around 1930s murals glorifying SF workers - once denounced as Communist, but now a landmark. More San Francisco Travel Info

Marjorie Barrick Museum

With displays of Western culture, desert life and the history of ancient Mexico, the Marjorie Barrick Museum of Natural History is both educational and vibrant. More Las Vegas Travel Info


Hollywood

Hollywood MuseumHollywood is a neighborhood in Los Angeles, California - situated west-northwest of Downtown Los Angeles. Due to its fame and cultural identity as the historical center of movie studios and movie stars, the word "Hollywood" is often used as a metonym of American cinema, and is often interchangeably used to refer to the greater Los Angeles area in general. The nicknames StarStruck Town and Tinseltown refer to Hollywood and its movie industry. Today, much of the movie industry has dispersed into surrounding areas such as the Westside neighborhood, but significant auxiliary industries, such as editing, effects, props, post-production, and lighting companies remain in Hollywood, as does the backlot of Paramount Pictures.  More Los Angeles Travel Info


Pearl HarborPearl Harbor

One of the most popular landmarks in Hawaii, Pearl Harbor is the largest natural harbor in the state and also the only naval base in the United States to have the distinction to be recognized as a National Historical Landmark. Pearl Harbor offers visitors a variety of ways to learn about the history and the events of the past. To honor this history, this historical landmark has been preserved with four museums which include an emotionally touching memorial, a battleship which saw the tides of war and the beginnings of peace, a fully restored World War II submarine, and an aviation museum complete with fighter planes and flight simulators. More Hawaii Travel Info

 

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Transportation

by air: The principal US airlines operating international services are: American Airlines (AA)

by road: There are many crossing points from Canada to the USA. The major road routes are: New York to Montréal/ Ottawa, Detroit to Toronto/Hamilton,...

by rail: The US and Mexican rail networks connect at Yuma (Arizona), El Paso (Texas) and Del Rio (Texas), with limited scheduled passenger services.

Car hire: Major international companies have offices at all gateway airports and in most cities.

 

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Map


map

 

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