Sharjah Travel Informations
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Sharjah Overview || History || Getting Around Sharjah || Tourist Sites

Sharjah is the only city to boast having land on both the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Omaha. This beautiful city is known throughout the Arab region as being the centre for arts and culture. The city has an impressive number of museums and galleries on offer, but you can not visit Sharjah without spending the day at a Soug (open-air market). Hotel accommodations are plentiful; however, it is highly recommended that you make your bookings in advance.
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History

Sharjah's history goes as far back as some 6000 years, at that time the population was very low , the people used to depend on trade and maritime boats building in addition to cultivation, hunting and pearls seeking. The ancient ancestors had lived around valleys or manmade pools.

The troubles occurred in the region during the sixteenth century when the Portuguese occupied the Eastern Coast in 1507 to control the trade of condiments. They had built forts in Khorfakkan, Kalba and Diba. The Portuguese rule had continued for a complete century until the Dutch defeated them for the same purposes of Portuguese

the seventeenth century the British arrived in the region they started trade relations with Qawasim tribe the forefathers of Sharjah ruling family today. Europeans preferred to invade the Gulf and Red Sea areas as they were the main linking route with Middle East and India.

During the early 18th century the Qawasim clan established itself as a stronger marine power in Sharjah and Ras Al Khaima . In 1804 Sheikh Sultan bin Saqr bin Rashid Al Qasimi the forefather of the recent rulers became the Sheikh of Sharjah for more than fifty years.

By the end of the eighteenth century the relation between Qawasim and British had deteriorated as the British accused Qawasim of attacking their ships while the Qawasim accused the British of misbehaviours.

The British stopped their barbarian attacks against Ras al- Khaima in 1809. With the advent of 1820 the first treaty among other treaties was signed with Britain to ensure the maritime security and peace protecting British against any attacks for 150 years. Then the coast was known as Oman Peaceful Coast as well as the Sheikhdoms of Oman known as reconciled countries and these name continued from 1853 up to the formation of the United Arab Emirates in 1971.

Sharjah joined the United Arab Emirates on 2 December 1971 as a founder member of the Unity. In 1972 H.H. Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qasimi became the Ruler of Sharjah. In the same year oil was disocovered at Mubarak oilfield 80 kilometers offshore near Abu Musa Island, the production started two years later in a high rate. No doubt that the availability of natural wealth and the wisdom of Sharjah ruler H.H. Sheikh Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qasimi has led Sharjah to enjoy economic luxury keeping at the same time its traditional values of an Islamic city.

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Getting Around Sharjah

Highways:

Three free-flowing dual-carriageways link Ras Al Khaimah with the other emirates and beyond. One follows the coast with beaches on the one side and stretches of desert on the other; the other, new route runs out towards the airport in the direction of Khatt, Masafi, Fujairah and Thaid and further onto Oman.

Nowadays, the newly constructed 'Emirates Highway' is being used by most motorists. The highway traverses the emirates of Umm Al Quwain, Ajman (60km) and Sharjah (71km) to finally end up in Dubai(87km). Most travellers would agree that it connects Ras Al Khaimah to Dubai in under 45 minutes.

Seaport:

Saqr Port, located in the industrial area of Khor Khuwair is the Emirate's main port providing bulk and container services. It has eight deep water berths, each 200 m long, is dredged to 12.2 m and has two ro-ro ramps plus specialised berths for handling bulk cement and aggregate. Other services include ship handling, crew changes and 40,000 m2 of covered storage together with a vast open storage area. It is also the closest port in the UAE to Bandar Abbas in Iran.

Airport:

The Ras Al Khaimah International Airport is currently undergoing an upgrade. It operates cargo and passenger services to a variety of destinations covering the Middle East, North & East Africa, Central Asia, India and the Far East. In total 27 airlines including Gulf Air, Egypt Air, Indian Airlines, Aeroflot, Pakistan International Airlines and many other airlines operate scheduled and non-scheduled flights. Open 24 hours a day and 7 days a week, the airport has an open skies policy with no restrictions on frequencies and time of arrival / departure; offers competitive tariffs and storage facilities; is not congested, and has a full offering of duty free goods among other services.

Spaceport:

On February 17th 2006, Space Adventures announced its plans to develop a $265 m commercial spaceport in Ras Al-Khaimah (Ras Al Khaimah spaceport) for the purposes of space tourism.

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Tourist Sites

Sharjah Heritage MuseumSharjah Heritage Museum is a collection of many museums like Bait Al Naboodah, Hisn Kalba Al Hisn Sharjah, Souq Al Arsah and Al Midfaa House. Among them, the Bait Al Naboodah appears to be more of a family house having 16 rooms, later transformed into a museum. Each of the 16 rooms displays fresh themes like costumes, traditional dress codes, an ancient kitchenette, living rooms, the Souq Al Arsah is a huge courtyard opened on all sides. It comprises several shops, bearing the traditional charm and style. The shops deal with ornaments, costumes, wooden and silver artworks, medicinal herbs and other innovative products.

 
Blue Souq or the Central Market Blue Souq or the Central Market is the biggest market in Sharjah. Located in the Khaled Lagoon region, the market complex has more than 600 shops. The two different sections of the Central Market are connected with tunnels. One of the twin sections contains electronic appliances, gifts items, garments, cosmetics, perfumes an so on, while the other part exhibits ornaments made of gold and stone studded jewelries, including the antique Yemeni and Omani ornaments.
 
Sharjah StadiumSharjah Stadium originally constructed in early 1980s, the Sharjah stadium can accommodate about 27,000 people at a time. The stadium is more popular among the native people and foreign travelers, as venue for organizing cricket matches and various athletic events.

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