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Introduction
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As one of four municipalities directly under the Central Government of China, Tianjin is the economic center of northern China and an international port city. Tianjin is also one famous ecological city in China. Tianjin is the center of Ring Bohai Economic Circle. Served to be the largest coastal opening city in northern China, Tianjin is the origin of Chinese modern industry, the earliest coastal opening city and the center of ocean-shipping and industry in northern China. Tianjin is 137 kilometers away from Beijing. Tianjin is the gate of Beijing. The original meaning of Tianjin is the Ferry of Emperor. Tianjin is also named Jinmen and Jingu.

Thanks to the opening of Grand Canal of the Sui Dynasty, Tianjin was officially established. During Tang dynasty (618 - 907), Tianjin acted as the port for northward transportation of grain and silks produced in southern area of China. In the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644), as the important military base, Tianjin was initially constructed to be the important garrison, publicly called Tianjinwei. Tianjin has more than 600 years of history since its downtown establishment in 1404. In 1860, Tianjin was selected to be the treaty port. Western powers set up many concessions in Tianjin. Tianjin became the pioneer of the opening of north China and the base of modern China’s westernization movement. In Tianjin, Chinese military modernization and the setup of China’s railway, telegram, telephone, post, mining, modern education and jurisdiction were both began. At that time, Tianjin became the second largest business city in China and the largest business and commercial center of northern China.

Tianjin is a famous historic and cultural city. Currently there are 15 cultural sites under the national-class protection including Dule Temple, Dagukou Emplacement, Wanghailou Church and so on. Dule Temple, located in Ji County, was firstly established in the Tang Dynasty and it was reestablished in 984. This Temple is the only oldest large-scale wooden pavilion architecture. In the temple, there was a Kwan-yin statue with a height of 16 meters. This statue is also one of Chinese largest clay sculptures nowadays. Listed into the world cultural heritage, Huangyaguan ancient great wall has more than 20 balefire points with the diversities of styles. Toady, there are 113 cultural relics are under the protection of municipality. Tianjin also has many museums with different themes, up to now the total number of collections in museums is more than 530,000.

The downtown of Tianjin has the unique characteristic in architectures. Both of the traditional architectures and the westernized buildings are showing the internationalization of Tianjin. In total there are 872 buildings with the western features. It is rare that a city such as Tianiin is densely comprised of the old architectures with the traditional and western styles. So Tianjin is also titled to be the international architectural exhibition.

The traditional flavor of local cuisine also adds more reputation to Tianjin. Three Excellences of Tianjin are widely welcomed by foreigners and domestic travelers. Three excellences respectively Longzudachahu (Dragon-Mouth Big Teapot), Goubuli steamed stuffed-bun and Shibajie fried dough twist. Latterly the Erduoyan fried cake and Maobuwen dumpling were also ranked the famous snacks of Tianjin in 1997.

Actually the best food with the high reputation and the strong local characteristics of Tianjin includes: Zhangjiguoren (Zhang Family Nutlet), Caojilvrou (Cao family Donkey Meat), Lujitangmianzhagao (Lu family’s warming noodles and fried cake), Baijishuijiao (Bai Family Dumpling). Besides, Xiaobao chestnut in Tianjin is quite famous as well. Tianjin is also famous for its quyi (Chinese folk art forms including ballad singing, story telling, comic dialogues, clapper talks, cross talks etc.). Many famous masters are nationwide influential from Tianjin. Besides, Tianjin has a strong tradition of producing and creating new-year picture, and the famous place for that is Yangliuqing, which has a long-time history in this area.

Tianjin is called jin, is situated at northeast of the Huabei plain, east is near Bohai Sea, north depends on yanshan. Is located the basin downriver of Haihe river, is south the Haihe river five big branches the canal, north the canal, Ziya River, Daqing River, Yongding river's convergence place and the estuary, has the name of "nine rivers ends"; Also is the place of enter the sea of sub- rivers and so on tooth Xin River, Duliu jianhe, yongding xinhe, Chaobai Xinhe River, Jiyunhe River, it may be said "the key of river and sea ".

Whole city jurisdiction area is 11919.7 square kilometers. North and south long is approximately 186 kilometers, the east and west width is approximately 101 kilometers. The total population is 10.01 million people approximately. Tianjin altogether has 42 nationalities, Han Nationality accounts for the total population 97.69 percent, the minority Nationality account for 2.3%.

The Tianjin including 6 urban districts: Heping area, Hedong area, Hexi area, Hebei area, Nankai area, Hongqiao area. The dongli area, Jinnan area, Xiqing area, Beichen area 4 suburbs; Tangku, Hangu, Dagang 3 littoral areas; Ji county, Baodi, Ninghe, Jinghai, Wuqing 5 counties, altogether 18 areas counties.

The Tianjin major part is plain, only little partial is the mountainous region and the soldier mausoleum. North of its topography is northwest high southeast is low. Mountainous area is small, the plain is vast. The ancient seacoast vestige obvious existence (popular name shell dike), becomes the seashore plain the marvelous sight, is rare for our country other seashore area.

Tianjin belongs to the warm half moist mainland monsoon climate, the monsoon is remarkable, the four seasons are distinct. Spring is multi- sandstorm, arid few rain; Summer is burning hot, the rain water is centralized; Autumn cold warm moderate, was mad crisp and pleasant; The winter is cold, dry and few snows. Besides the Ji county mountainous area, whole year the average temperature for above 11°c. In the January of average temperature in Celsius zero 4-6 °c, in July the average temperature about 26°c!

The whole city has the forestry to use the area is 139,000 hectares, has the forest ground is 124,000 hectares, the bush forest land area is 101,000 hectares, the plant nursery ground is1,000 hectares, other forest land area 4,000 hectares, the live standing timber always gathers accumulates 5.25 million cubic meters, forest cover reach to 3.7%.

Tianjin has verified the mineral resource mainly has the metalliferous ore, the nonmetalliferous ore and the fuel ore more than 20 kinds. The metalliferous ore and the nonmetalliferous ore mainly distribute the mountainous area of north Ji county, the fuel ore mainly buries in the Tianjin plain underground Bohai Sea continental shelf. The metalliferous ore mainly has the manganese boron stone, the manganese, the gold, the tungsten, the molybdenum, the copper, the aluminum, the zinc and so on; The nonmetalliferous ore mainly has the limestone calcareous rock, the barite, the lamina stone, the marble, the natural oilstone, the purple sand pottery clay, Maifan rock and so on. The fuel minerals mainly have the petroleum, the natural gas and coal gas and so on. Tianjin's superiority ore is the petroleum, the natural gas, the geothermy, the hydraulic limestone, the purple sand pottery clay.

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History
history history

The first Opium War took place from 1840 to 1842 but had no special impact upon Tianjin. Notwithstanding that it was the chief opium-smuggling market of the north, it was not one of the five treaty ports created by the Sino-British Nanjing treaty of 1842, which include Shanghai. During the Second Opium War, however, the Anglo-French forces captured Dagu Fort in May of 1858, and proceeded up the Haihe River to invade Tianjin. In June Qing Government representatives signed the Treaty of Tianjin at Haikwanssu (the Western Arsenal, to the south of the Old City) with Russia, America, Britain and France successively. Early in July the army of occupation was withdrawn. The treaty of Tianjin was required to be ratified at Beijing within one year. When the Chinese government refused to do this the French and British bombarded Tianjin, and finally marched into Beijing.

The first Franco-British attack on Dagu Fort in June 1859 was unsuccessful, and cost about four hundred casualties, including the British commander-in-chief, who was wounded badly. In July the invading powers set 16,000 men to Dagu, and in August the forces landed at Beitang and occupied both Dagu Fort and Tianjin itself. In October they invaded Beijing and destroyed the famous Yuan Ming Yuan. It was during this campaign that the Chinese commander, Sankolinsin, built the 21 kilometer Mud Wall, later known as ‘Sankolinsin’s folly,’ parts of which survived well into the twentieth century. The second Opium War concluded when the Qing Dynasty government signed the Beijing Treaty with France and Britain in October 1860, resulting in the opening of Tianjin as a treaty port. In that year the population was about 60,000 according to Hershatter, or 300,000 according to Rasmussen. But Britain, France and American now secured concession areas in Tianjin and the population increased rapidly, reaching 600,000 by 1896. At first the foreign merchants mostly conducted their business in the Chinese city, or at least maintained agents and godowns there, but in the 1870s the commercial heart shifted to the concessions. Almost all foreigners resided in the concessions, although a few maintained homes in the old city.

The period 1865-1895 saw the influence of the ‘Westernization Movement’ in China, and most strongly in Tianjin in the persons of Chonghou (1826-1893), Commissioner of the Trading Department of the Three Ports, and Li Hongzhang (1823-1901), governor-general of Zhili and Commissioner for Northern Affairs. In 1867 the Tianjin machinery Factory, or Eastern Arsenal, and the Haikwanssu Machinery Factory, or Western Arsenal, were established. In 1872 the Tianjin branch of the China Steamship Navigation Company was opened, and by 1877 the Kaiping Coal Mine, the first in China to extract coal by machine. In 1881 China’s first railway line was opened, running the eleven kilometers between Tangshan and Xugezhuang. In 1888 the Tianjin Tangshan Railway was opened, terminating at Tianjin East Station. By 1888, too, Li Hongzhang had created the Beiyang Navy on Western lines and with Western assistance. In 1896 the Daqing Post Office began operation in Tianjin.

The second phase in the development of the concessions was a general scramble for influence form 1895 to 1897 during the readjustment of political balance of power following the Sino-Japanese War and the Treaty of Shimonoseki. At this time Germany and Japan acquired concessions, and Britain expanded its existing area westwards. The foreign powers not only extended their concessions and established new ones in the years from 1895, but acquired rights to invest, open factories, and establish banks. The new banks opened in Tianjin include the Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China of Britain, in 1896; the Pyccko-Ketaeckee Bank of Russia in 1897; and the Japanese Yokohama Shokin Bank in 1899. In this period the Americans established a branch of the Young Men’s Christian Association, the French rebuilt the Wang Hai Lou Church, and foreign warships entered the Hai at will. Chinese intellectuals opposed to this developed the ‘Bourgeois Reform Movement’ in Tianjin and obtained a sympathetic hearing form the Emperor, but were then quickly muzzled.

In 1899-1900 the Yihetuan Movement (Society of Righteousness and Harmony), launched the armed resistance to foreign powers known to westerners as the Boxer Rebellion. Tianjin, as a foreign stronghold, became a focus of attention in 1900, and fifty or sixty thousand Boxers are said to have been in the city at the peak of the movement, organized around a basic unit called a tankou, or alter. In summer of 1900 they gained control of Tianjin; burnt the Wang Hai Lou Church, which the French had rebuilt in 1897; and besieged the foreign legations. In response both Tianjin and Beijing were occupied and sacked by a joint expeditionary force, including troops of Austria, Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia and the United States. There was even a naval contingent from Victoria, Australia.

On 7 September 1901 the Qing Government surrendered, and signed the Xinchou Treaty with eleven countries (the eight powers plus Belgium, Spain and Holland), which included a provision that the Dagu Port be demolished. This treaty was accompanied by a further development of foreign concessions, when between 1900 and 1902 new ones were opened by Russia, Italy, Belgium and Austria; the American Concession was absorbed by the British; and the German and Japanese concessions were expanded. Most of the developed area, including the earlier concessions, had been enclosed within the line of a mud wall, about half of which survived after 1900. Outside this line fell the whole of the Belgian and German concessions; about half of the Russian one; the westward extension of the British concession; and the separate southern Japanese area. There was also a further influx of Western banks and business such as the American International Banking Corporation, in 1901; the Banque de I’Indo-Chine (French), I 1902; the Tianjin Waterworks Company (British) in 1902; and the Tianjin Tram and Electric Co. (Belgian) in 1904.

Yuan Shikai, governor-general of Zhili Province from 1903 to 1907, developed the north of the town, the end opposite from the concessions. Dajing Road was a broad avenue about three kilometers long, running north-east to Central Station, which was opened in 1907. It linked the new rail transport network with the old river network, and Yuan sponsored model factories and schools along the road, and created the surrounding area, with the first municipal park, the library, mint, Public Security Bureau, and his own headquarters (which were later the offices of the Hebei Provincial Government, and finally of the Tianjin municipal government. In 1903 the Zhili Gongyi Zongju (Zhili General Bureau of Technology) was established, and it played an important part in the establishment of technical schools and factories. In 1905 the Tianjin Mint was established. The Qixin Cement Company was established in 1906 and the Luanzhou Coal Mine Company in 1907, followed by other enterprises, totaling about forty by 1914.

Tianjin had been active in moves to overthrow the Qing Government. On 20 December 1910 Tianjin students presented a petition for a national assembly to be convened, and followed this with a sit-down strike. With the success of the armed uprising in Wuchang in 1911 a number of revolutionary organizations were set up in Tianjin, such as the Northern Revolution Association, which met at Jixian Li in the French Concession. Dr Sun Yat Sen returned to China and the inauguration of the Republic was formally announced. An uprising in Tianjin in January 1912 proved unsuccessful, and in February the provisional national assembly at Nanjing elected Yuan Shikai as provisional president.

Political dissidence was now largely muzzled, but in October 1916 the French attempted to enlarge their Concession by forcibly occupying the district of Lao Sikai, and formidable opposition emerged. The employees of French enterprises like the French Electric Power Company and the Yipin Company went on strike. They were supported by the students and hen the merchants, all meeting in the Tianjin Commercial Association Hall. After five or six months the French abandoned their enterprise. Tianjin was now influenced by the New Culture Movement of Beijing, and Zhou Enlai, whilst studying at Tianjin, published articles advocating democracy in the magazines they edited, Yan Zhi ‘On politics’, and Jing Ye ‘Respect for study’, respectively. Zhou was also active in the New Drama Movement at Nankai Middle School. After the May Fourth Movement, which persuaded the Chinese Government not to accede to the inequitable provisions of the Versailles Peace Treaty, Zhou published the Tientsin Student, and in 1919 founded a body called the Awakening Society which, together with bodies like the Women’s Star Society (1923) promoted the doctrines of Marxism.

The Haihe river proved less amenable to control than the French, for the five rivers which flowed into it at Tianjin (the Daqing, Nanyun, Beiyun, Ziya and Yongding) presented a continuing threat of flooding. The Haihe River Conservancy Commission was a Sino-foreign organization which had been established 1897 to improve the navigability of the river, and in 1902 an acute elbow in the river downstream from the concessions was cut through. In 1917, however, the dykes burst and the waters spread over 15,000 square miles and left more than six million people homeless. A British resident of Tianjin wrote of the concessions rising out of the water like islands, so the ‘when the wind was high the breakers were heavy and frequently broke over the back walls of the Travers-Smith houses’.

Following the floods were made to improve the drainage of the British and adjoining concessions, and in 1918, after the Zhili River Commission had declined to take action in connection with the Flood Relief Bureau, the municipal administrations of the British, French, Japanese and ex-German concessions decided to implement a joint scheme. This involved improving the Weitze Creek, which was described as a tidal waterway, and was apparently identical with the old Mud Wall Canal (Qiangzi He), passing roughly through the center of the Japanese, French and British concessions as extended. The concessions were to be drained into the creek, and pumping equipment installed at the Haihe River end to control the water level and permit frequent flushing.

The drainage scheme was finally authorized by the civil governor, Tsao Jui, in 1920, and the work began. It was found necessary also to construct a lock at the Haikwanssu end of the creek, so as to shut off tributary waters and to enable the creek to be pumped out. Although both locks were ready in the summer of 1923 there was a dispute over the control, and the whole scheme remained idle for some time. Also in the early 1920s, large amounts of silt were dredged form the Haihe River by the River Conservancy Commission, and were used to reclaim the British extramural area. Notwithstanding this the silting up of the river continued, and in 1927 the depth was only 3.6 meters, so that all boats had to unload their goods into barges at Tanggu.

The Qing and Republican administrations had developed the Hebei and Hongqiao districts. The city then came under warlord control until December 1925. At that time Tianjin was taken by General Feng Yuxiang of the National Army, a sympathizer with the revolution, and henceforward there prevailed a climate more favorable to the development of Communism. The enlarged Shun Zhi Provincial Committee of the Chinese Communist Party was organized in Tianjin in 1927, and in 1929 an underground printing press was established. All of this had little immediate effect upon the foreign-controlled areas. Although the population of foreigners was small, their activities had turned the concession areas along the Haihe River into the economic center of Tianjin, while the old City had become a backwater. In the 1920s Tianjin was exporting principally raw cotton and wool, and also linseed, ground nuts, goat skins and pig bristles. Of the imports 40 per cent were cotton goods. By 1923 the population approached 900,000.

In 1912, after the revolution of the previous year, Tianjin became a city under Zhili Province. In 1928 it became a ’special city’ under direct central control, and in 1930 was placed under the Executive Yuan of the Kuomintang government. Despite such natural disadvantages as the flooding, by the1930s Tianjin had a foreign trade second only to that of Shanghai, and was the largest center of industry and commerce in North China. The Japanese had steadily increased their influence in Tianjin until in 1935 they forced the Nationalists to sign an agreement precluding Nationalist troops form being stationed in the Beijing-Tianjin region. In response to this Tianjin students rebelled, in the December Ninth Movement. In the spring of 1936 Liu Shaoqi came to Tianjin to direct the work of the Northern Bureau of the Communist Party, and he expanded the Anti-Japanese National United Front in Tianjin. However the Japanese occupied Beijing on 28 July 1937, and two days later captured Tianjin, which they then held until 1945.

The Japanese once again assigned to Tianjin the status of ’special city’. Tianjin had become the fifth largest Chinese city by 1927, the third largest by 1935, and the second by 1947, when the population was 1.7 million. In 1949 there was a built-up area of 61 square kilometers and a population of 1.91 million. In 1945, after the surrender of Japan, American troops were stationed in Tianjin, and the city was once again placed under the direct control of the Kuomintang government. Early in December 1948 the Communist laid siege to the city. The government conscripted large numbers of civilians to build fortifications in the streets. This suggested hat house-to-house fighting was at hand, and caused panic. On 15 January 1949 the People’s Liberation Army stormed and occupied Tianjin, ending the agony that had tormented it for months.

Although it had suffered little physical damage, it had been prostrated by the ravages of rampant inflation and by the depredations of the demoralized Kuomintang army. Tianjin had an ancient and deeply-rooted urban social structure, unlike Shanghai, and its capture by the Communist Party was a turning point in the revolution, shifting the focus from the countryside to the cities. Beijing and the other major cities of north and east China followed shortly, and Mao Zedong, as party chairman, told about fifty of the highest ranking members of the Communist Party on 5 March 1949:

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Best Time to Visit

Tianjin enjoys temperate weather and four distinct seasons a year with spring and autumn being the best time to visit. Autumn is especially nice when the leaves change color and the weather hasn't yet turned too cold. It's the coldest in January and hottest in July. Bring a sweater or jacket if you come in spring or autumn and a very warm coat in winter. It's also pretty wet during the spring and summer, so bring rain gear.

A week of college boat races on Haihe River are held on October 2. Students race dragon boats and perform variety shows. For ten days during the Ocean Fair, which is held in late-June, there's more aquatic entertainment such as heading out to sea to do some fishing then eating your catch with a fishing family. The Ocean Fair is held at Tanggu.

The weather of Tinajin is dry and cold, it is very hot and rainful in summer, dry and cold in winter. The average annual temperature is 11.4~12.9 degrees centigrade and quantity of water falling is 522.2~663.4 millimeter. Mainly meteorological hazards has drought, rainstorm, hale, gale, storm surge etc.

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Festival

The emperor of Tianhou Palace meet

Activity that the lunar calendar is held for commemorating the queen empresses on birthday on March 23, have a long history, later, because Qing dynasty emperor of Kangsi comes to to Tianjin to appreciate flower meet of Tianhou Palace, granted by an emperor the flag, then renamed as " the emperor meet" hereafter. Because Tianjin is located in the seashore, have more households living on sea generation, and the navigation is a very dangerous thing, so is unpredictable and maritime in destiny, people have to pray to gods' blessing. Queen empress i.e. the South refered " Mazu ", is sea God, burning incense hold very much in Tianjin, and have flower fair offered sacrifices to that moves about more. Queen birthday such as empress to get legend each time, have law drum, lion, flagpole-waving, flower-drum various perform everywhere in taking Tianhou Palace as the centre place these, will be all through the night sometimes.

Tianjin Chinese rose festival

Between June and annual May, it is Tianjin that holds the festival of the Chinese rose. Tianjin Chinese rose section establish on 1984, Tianjin municipal government determine Chinese rose as city flower that year, planting and culture of Chinese rose develop on a large scale very much in Tianjin, every May Chinese rose in full bloom season, enjoy flowers, admire the beauty of flowers and become an important activity, nowadays, have already developed and become the international tour festival with local characteristic.

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Food
foods foods foods
foods foods foods

The Tianjin people have Yan Zhao's customs handed down from the past, the diet culture also receive Yan the Zhao customs handed down from the past the influence, the style by the thick line primarily, has "eight large bowls" "in a big way, four digs up" and so on, use the multipurpose large bowl bulk lots to dish the vegetable, the fish, the meat is big piece, although was inferior to the south vegetable of carefully and fastidious, but has Yan and Zhao large bowl to drink tea, the bulk eats the meat the straightforward gas. Tianjin vegetable source in folk, also abundantly picks the audiences disadvantage, manufacture method is extremely elegant, the taste is primarily by salty, actually also is rich in the change, in the present Tianjin vegetable by "eight large bowls" as representative, has division of thin and thickly eight large bowls, vegetable has the difference slightly; Tianjin's winter season four treasures are take Tianjin special product iron sparrow, the whitebait, the small crab, the hotbed chive as material of the banquet delicacies, likes for the people.

Moreover, in Tianjin's main street and small alley, also may eat the flavor cooked food of each place. But Tianjin's flavor snack, had the reputation, except was well-known the Chinese and foreign Tianjin dog to pay no attention to the steamed stuffed bun, the ear eye fried cake, the Guifaxiang fried dough twist these three type, but also had Zhang Ji the kernel of fruit, Caoji donkey meat, Dafulai the cooked rice crust vegetable, the stone key element steamed stuffed bun, the irises and orchids room cake as well as to paste the cake to boil characteristic snack and so on snack.

The introduces of some special features snack

foodEight large bowls

The method has the thick thin division, the thin eight large bowls refer to : the fish fillet, boil the shelled fresh shrimp, the family photo, the sweet-scented osmanthus fish bones, boil the butterfish, the Sichuan shredded meat, Sichuan big meatball, the loose meat and so on; The thick eight large bowls include: Fries the blue shelled fresh shrimp, boil the shredded chicken, all cooks the egg soup ovary and digestive gland of a crab, the trepang meatball, the silver piece meat, the consomme chicken, opens boil the chicken, the daily family activity burns the carp and so on. The eight large bowls often use in entertaining guests at a banquet, each table of eight people, eight vegetables on the table, all uses the uniform big large bowl when serve food, looks like refreshedly, eats satisfies a craving, has the strong local characteristic.

foodThe winter season four treasures

Four treasures refer to hard sparrow, the whitebait, the small crab, the hotbed chive. Hotbed chive is quite common, the hotbed chive scrambled eggs are the simple dish; Hard sparrow is one kind of house sparrow, after the oil boils is the delicacies for drink; The whitebait is the unique delicacy of north area, may dip the egg white fried wheaten to food, the delicate is fragrance and palatable; The small crab is one kind of crab, the volume is small like copper cash, but the paste fat and beautiful taste, is the high quality goods in winter season.

foodThe clear fries shelled fresh shrimp

As the saying goes "eats the fish to eat shrimp Tianjin is the family", the clear fries shelled fresh shrimp is a best representative. This shelled fresh shrimp is the live shrimp water has presently peeled, meat is sweet and full, again was joined to the slice the small blue melon on to explode in the clear wok with cooking oil fries, after took a pot off the fire the melon crisp shrimp fresh, the luster was attractive, is neat very some teeth cheek unrefined resin feeling.

foodFour big digs up

Refers to several type vegetables which matches with "eight large bowls", cannot alone become the mat. Four big digs up not only has four kinds, mainly includes: Digs up the whole chicken, digs up entire duck, digs up the elbow, digs up Fang Rou, digs up the trepang, digs up the gluten, digs up the fish and so on.

foodThe "Goubuli" steamed stuffed bun

By ferments the bread to enter stuffing and so on pork steams to become. Acquires fame because Goubuli that its founder Gaoguiyou infant name. Its color white exquisite, the form likes the chrysanthemum, the cheek has the vigor of nips, the stuffing heart soft glossy, is fat but not greasy. At the end of Qing dynasty, the Gaoguiyou opens the steamed stuffed bun booth in the south canal three-road junction. Because its pains ponder over, practices unceasingly, creates the method of water steam, half yeast and so on, causes the steamed stuffed bun to be characteristic, infant name and the steamed stuffed bun fine reputation disappears without a trace by customs, store front words Dejuhao is to be unknown.

foodThe Guifaxiang bread twist

The Guifaxiang bread twist, the luster is golden and yellow, flavor is mellow, has the fragrance, crisp, crisply, the sweet attractive characteristic, does not lose flavor or taste in dryly the ventilating place laying aside number month, not soft, does not deteriorate. The Guifaxiang bread twist to have "the colored principle tiger", "the hemp axis", "the string head" and so on many varieties. Each bread twist center clamps has the assorted stuffing crisp strip which by seasonings and so on sesame seed, peach kernel, melon seed kernel, green plum, sweet-scented osmanthus, candied fruit and essence water compounds. When manufacture acts according to the bread flour quality adjustment crisp size, the adaption temperature height change fluctuates, the alkali dosage fat, guaranteed readies the materials the allocated proportion. After the bread twist takes shape, admits in the peanut wok with cooking oil to explode thoroughly on the slow fire, again clamps the crystal sugar block, scatters seasonings and so on candied fruit, sugared melon slice.

foodEar eye fried cake

The fried cake is the Tianjin traditional features snack, the operator is multitudinous. Jinmen has a household famous domestic and foreign ears eyes fried cake shop decades seem like a day, persisted in choosing the material to be fine, is fastidious the craft, places throughout the quality first, causes the fried cake variety which oneself manages all the more to carry forward, with the Goubuli steamed stuffed bun, the Guifaxiang bread twist calls "Jinmen three certainly" food. Because the fried cake shop is abutting only then more than 1 meter widths long and narrow alley -- ear eye alleys, the people then charmingly call Liuji the ear eye to record the fried cake shop. The traditional ear eye fried cake uses ships north the river coast Yang village, Hexiwu and Wen An which along the Ziya River coast, the yellow rises which produced by Ba County and the Jiang rice which after with the stone mill grinds to the gruel shape, abundantly in cloth sack. After pours water on the fermentation to exchange the alkali to treat as the cheek; Again uses the Spanish red adzuki bean which Tianjin produces, makes the bean filling, adds the high quality brown sugar to boil the juice in the pot to fry the kidney bean paste stuffing, after cool makes the stuffing heart, after wraps securely the warm oil (130 ?) to put into the pot, the attendance turns the industrious extension, like this explodes the fried cake, the luster golden yellow explodes "the thorn", the fried cake cover crisp Gen trigram, inside is soft glutinous does not stick, the bean filling thin sweet is tasty, has a distinct flavor.

foodCaoji donkey meat

Caoji donkey meat, acquire fame because the founder surnamed is Cao, until now already some more than 200 years histories. Caoji donkey meat, selects fresh high quality donkey meat, matches by the many kinds of spices, admits in the pot the slow fire to boil seven to eight hours. Caoji donkey meat, richly contains the protein, crisp rotten is easy to chew, the flavor is tasty, is renowned far and near.

foodPastes the cakes biscuits to boil the small fish

"Pastes the cakes biscuits to boil the small fish" is the typical Tianjin flavor snack, actually also is the extremely ordinary pot luck. Makes pastes the cakes biscuits to boil the small fish, the fish must choose slightly. Should better be the live white small carp, the meat tender thorn is soft. The cornmeal was the same year fresh grain. After the agriculture home use sautes the heat greatly, the bottom of the pot deep-fried fish, the pot helps all around to transfer is pasting the full cakes biscuits. The firewood standing grain cannot burn too fiercely too long, must pay attention grasps the duration and degree of cooking, the warm flare spice depends on only. As soon as uncovers the pot cover at the appointed time, the fragrant air is fly to four direct. The cakes biscuits leaves the pot, golden is tying a layered coke loud snapping sound, nips, is also crisp also fragrant, is boiling the small fish, all does not need the fishbone to put out.

foodTianjin cooked rice crust

So-called "the cooked rice crust vegetable" is the Tianjin unique flavor thin food snack, also is the Tianjin person universal love eats. The cooked rice crust vegetable main material is cooked rice crust, is by the superior mung bean and the high quality millet, the water grinds to the thick liquid, the booth becomes the pizza, slivers to the piece of leaf of willow. By the sesame oil, Xuan powder, the chrysanthemum, the surface thick liquid, the soy sauce, the fermented bean curd and so on make into the halogen. Then, puts the cooked rice crust in the halogen, mixes gently, moistens the full halogen completely by the cooked rice crust up to, then put it in the bowl, again scatters the chili oil, the sesame oil negligent hemp sauce, the fermented bean curd juice, the fragrant vegetable leaf immediately and so on. Cooked rice crust vegetable crisp delicate fragrance, lubrication palatable, again matches by the flat wheatcake sprinkled with sesame, the wooden club condyle sub- and so on, the flavor is unusual.

Zhiwei room water burn trip

Tianjin flavor snack. The characteristic is the shredded tripe fresh, crisp, tender, tasty. Dips the material when eats before it's too late, the taste is mellow, has is good for the spleen raises effect of the stomach.

Tianjin fries in oil the grasshopper

The Tianjin people like eating the grasshopper specially. Around before the autumn, the grasshopper gives birth, the meat is fat taste beautiful. This season, everywhere obviously sells the peddler which fries in oil the grasshopper. Has been clear the grasshopper with the hot water, after air dries fries ripely with the pot, adds the few minced green onions, drenches the meat juices cooked in soy bean sauce then to make the vegetable. Mouth tasty salty, the minced green onion taste is thick.

foodStone gate element package

Tianjin tradition flavor snack. Invention by the end of the Qing day harem nearby real element garden restaurant, the material was fastidious, works fine, by the auricularia, the cauliflower, the dried bean curd, the mouth mushroom, fragrant did, the gluten, the bean vegetable, the fermented bean curd, the hemp sauce, the sesame oil and so on takes the material, each steamed stuffed bun all pinched 21 booklets, the strong fire steams several minutes namely to be ripe. The characteristic is stuffing big and the skin is thin, the fragrance is rich.

foodBean curd brain and aged bean curd

The bean curd brain, take the soft bean curd as the main material, into the bowl, pouring the halogen, puts the little chili oil, the soup of garlic again then to be edible. The Hui person shop management bean curd brain, by the sheep bone soup, the mutton, the mouth mashroom and so on makes the halogen, pouring to the soft beancurd, assists by the sesame jam, the chili oil, fresh fragrant is delicate, flavor alone. The aged bean curd, take the hard bean curd as main material, into the bowl, falls in seasoning and so on soy sauce, the soup of garlic, fragrant-flowered garlic cauliflower, thick bean sauce, chili oil, Chinese prickly ash oil, thin hemp sauce, the flavor fresh salty, the delicate fragrance is tasty.

The biography explodes the element to coils

Makes the skin by the dried bean curd, with the mung bean vegetable, fragrant dry beancurd, the vermicelli, the coriander matches by the sesame jam, the fermented bean curd, the sesame oil, seasoning accent and so on mixes the stuffing, then places the stuffing on the skin to tuck again slivers the section, two stick batters explodes the system in the wok with cooking oil to become. Explodes the element to coils, luster is golden yellow, outside crisp in tender, light is palatable, is the Tianjin characteristic flavor snack.

foodThe palace snack -- "the fruit kernel opens"

The Tianjin fruit six manufactures each kind of delicacy fruit kernels, the spontaneous combustibility coloration and puts the fragrance, the fragrance but is not vulgar, sweet but is not greasy, the luster is tasty, crisp and delicious, the long time does not store the wadding. The fruit kernel opens the end product take the shelled peanut, the cashew kernel, the walnut kernel, the melon seeds and nuts, the almond, the loose seed kernel and the many kinds of legumes as main material, has the fierce appearance, the amber, only the fragrance, the milk fragrance, the five spices, the orange fragrance, the lemon, thin Ke, the tomato, the Chinese hawthorn, the edible seaweed, the coffee, the cocoa, the soup of ginger and so on category and the fragrance, sweet, crisp, crisp, sour, cool, is hot and so on the feeling characteristic in the mouth.

The pattern Luozi

Has the stick to beat Luozi, the fire grate of Luozi, the sugar, old tiger claw, the flowered six petals, opens divides, the small Luozi seed cake, the sugar Luozi seed cake, the egg Luozi and so on 10 varieties, for specially makes the bread flour to explode, enters the oil fries ripe. Taste is fragrant, the pattern are many, flavor respectively different.

foodTianjin taste loud snapping sound Pakistan vegetable

The loud snapping sound Pakistan vegetable (popular name "cooked rice crust vegetable") is the regional cuisine snack which Tianjin is in sole possession of, until now already some 300 years history. Starts doing business "the big luck comes" the loud snapping sound Pakistan vegetable grocery in the Qing Guangxu Dynasty by its high quality raw material, the multi- tastes mix manufacture, leads the field in the competition, establishes a new school. Readies the materials, the manufacture, the quality strives for perfection, to cause the loud snapping sound Pakistan vegetable this alone Jinmen characteristic the snack variety, likes for more and more many restaurant patrons.

The Enfade steamed dumpling

Islamic flavor snack. The calabash goes to the skin with the cleaning west to go to the fruit pulp, the mutton powder thoroughly with the boiling water. Stirs into the soy sauce, the peanut oil, the sesame oil, the refined salt, the powder of onion ginger. Finally take the calabash stuffing to it to mix evenly. Will roll the surface will push pinches the taoist priest hat shape the stuffed dumpling unbaked and unglazed pottery piece, on the steamer tray will steam ripely with the strong fire. The characteristic has nips the vigor, does not infiltrate the oil, fat but not greasy, the fresh and tender taste is beautiful.

Fresh fruit stuffing sweet dumplings served in soup

Tianjin flavor snack. The manufacture method uses the fresh fruit, after cuts to pieces with the sugar salt system in, makes the stuffing according to the formula, grinds the superior polished glutinous rice the powder, rolls making. The characteristic is the delicate fragrance tasty, the powder glutinous softly slides, the fruit taste is thick, unique flavor.

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Shopping
shop shop

Tianjin is one of four major municipalities directly under the Central Government of our country, the urban commerce is flourishing, various business streets, places of trade and business, more and more, very various, have formed the famous commercial city of our country. As have only kilometer of one municipalities directly under the Central Government from Beijing, Tianjin much place of first-selection that Beijinger go on a tour on holidays, because the price of Tianjin is much lower than that of Beijing, do shopping and become a quite important ring while travelling. There is a modernized one in Tianjin, the large-scale comprehensive commercial building with complete category, there are antique small specific stores. Lie bank river dishes of business street of Haihe River and peaceful way business street are most flourishing shopping center in Tianjin, there are large-scale emporiums such as Chuanye market, Hua Lian commercial building, Department Store, bank river commercial building, lucky mansion, international market ,etc. in these two streets, there is henry watchmaker's shop, GuanShengYuan food supply retail shop, holds old established firms such as the tin good fortune hat shop ,etc..

Can not merely buy local famous local product and handicraft to do shopping in Tianjin, 18 street fried dough twist, imperial court half dry white wine and clay figurine pieces of painted sculpture, Tianjin kite, Tianjin tile carving, willow youth of Tianjin draw etc. for instance, can also buy national and even from all parts of the world goods, so long as visitor can hesitate time every large shopping street and shopping plaza in Tianjin " wash the treasure " slowly, will reap to some extent definitely.

The business street of the special is as follows, bank river dishes of business street, clothes street, peaceful way business street, estimate clothing street, little white floor business street, Shenyang dishes of ancient object market.

Characteristic market: Market of Chuanye of Tianjin, Tianjin Department Store, Tianjin market, peaceful commercial mansion ,etc..

The special product in Tianjin

shoppingThe Youth willow draws

Tianjin folk art treasure. It is one of the famous folk wood engraving pictures in our country too. In the period of Guangxu, the New Year picture here enters hemera. Its comprehensive China's ancient painting, tradition originally carve the form of expression of the print, industrial art, drama stage, early works are mostly that the maids of honour draw and the baby draw, Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty, in the period of Jiaqing, there is innovation on the skill and technique. Appear many heavy and complicated scene of personage, have powerful connections, the props set off the theme by contrast. Influenced by the fact that the scholar drew again in the period of Guangxu period, the technique of painting is fine and smooth, the picture has epigraph. It take woodcut chromatography and artificial method that colored drawing or pattern combine together make, formed have dishes of strength woodcut sophisticated appeal of effect, there is a unique style of national painting. Use many kinds of tactics such as the implied meaning, writing or painting realistically ,etc., reflect the actual life, current events custom and historical story, each is distinct and lively , seething with joy, welcomed by the masses.

shoppingTianjin carpet

Tianjin carpet produces have his own unique skill and style. Craft carpet draw, entangle craft, depth made to knit polish skill and technique, cutting slices of craft and chemistry wash is initiate and develop unique of pattern of Tianjin, the carpet woven out is strong but pliable in texture, whippy, firm and durable. In addition, the pattern is numerous in variety, create new classifications such as the Greco-Roman Style, Dunhuang designing type, fine arts type, color design, plain ancient type ,etc.. Find a good sale in more than 40 countries and regions, in world, enjoy the good reputation of " soft relief ", " brocade blanket ". Large-scale artistic tapestry of " the Great Wall " 10 meters long, 5 meters high which the General Headquarters of the United Nations hung, it is Tianjin carpet.

shoppingA painted sculpture of Tianjin clay figurine

The clay figurine of Zhangzhiming can be said to be widely known, has already spread five generations so far from the 1st generation of Zhangmingshan, ZhangMingShan is from the teenager, must pinch the exclusive of the clay figurine all alone, is especially good at the personal portrait. A most excellent works of clay figurine are that " Chung Kuei marries the sister ", this set of works has 29 statues in all, personage's movements, the personality expression have nothing in common with each other, are a set of rare artistic treasures.

shoppingKite Wei

It is the kite produced by Weiyuantai who is the famous art person to make the kite, , call " kite Wei ". For improve the pitch attainments of kite, he repeated research birds and winged insect hover posture and body every proportionate relationship of position of them, apply to the making of the kite. Kite that he pitch can dismantle exhibition fold, more than 0.33 meter long kite, can put in a light envelope after folding, it is easy to collect and carry. Flat type, bow type, stereoscopic type, one bunch of types and pocket type nearly more than 200 kinds kites which he develops. Imbued with national characters in colouring, what used retreated and letting France and changes in temperature faint to compare with the tone on absorbing the colored drawing or pattern of ancient building, make it suitable for the characteristic let fly away in high altitude more.

Black pottery production

The black pottery is the old culture and arts crystallization in China, rise in the Longshan culture of later period of the Neolithic Age of our country of 2500 B.C.. This kind of purely hand-made black pottery products, its characteristic is black, thin, smooth. Pure to draw base, artificial polishing, carve, enter cellar person who fire black pottery product that procedure make by hand, hard and bright, embryo quality is fine and smooth, the pattern is novel, can present color and luster such as the purple, indigo, silver under different light, there is good reputation " black like the jade such as the paint , light ".

shoppinThe paper-cut of Tianjin

The craft history is long, press close to the people's life very much, a kind of arts of masses popularized extensively. Paper-cut used for people festival of making room internal and external doors and windows ornamental, clothes, vamp embroider pattern ,etc. often. The Yi DeYuan in Qing Dynasty, actor of paper-cut, inherit and develop traditional paper-cut skill, abandon the cut adopt the knife, the special-purpose knife to carve, combine paper-cut art and the figure for shadow-play, paint-coated art, make it have new style and artistic characteristic. In content, he has created a lot of works taking legend story as subject matter, make the paper-cut develop into the artistic creation from the folk craft. The paper-cut of Tianjin, the note is smooth, the lamination is clear, it is meticulous to portray, feeling and setting happily blended in the picture, birds and flowers personages are vivid, it is a ornament with higher art appreciation value.

Winding wheat and meal stone

Under a foot of the hill in Ji county, the meal stone reserves of the wheat are abundant. Put the stone in the palm to rub, crush like the meal form of the wheat. Rinse the wheat and meal stone well, soak with the boiled water, have obvious curative effect in order to wash analeptic, eczema, tinea pedis, prickly heat ,etc.; Clean, put into water, can purify drinking water, make water dissolve, check oxygen to be further more abundant; Regard it as the microelement additive, in order to make 13 kinds of food such as the soy sauce, vinegar, candy, beer, can strengthen mouthfeel and nutrition; The wheat and meal stone can change soil PH value, change salt and alkaline land into neutral soil property, promote the crops to increase production by a wide margin. Winding wheat and meal stone have different packaging, sell in tourist spot and shop, and exploit and export in a large amount.

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Entertainment

It is as the back garden of Capital of Beijing, not only the commerce is prosperous, but also the prosperity very much of entertainment industry, Tianjin place of entertainment inside all everywhere, famous shopping place Tianjin Chuanye market, not only the shopping plaza that visitors must go, but also one of the famous places of the amusement of Tianjin, here famous a " six day ", Heavenly Palace cinema, day theatre, it happy theatre, scene of China, latitude ball society, it reveal teahouse, heaven rise places of entertainment such as the theatre ,etc. it is the largest multi-functional, high-grade new comprehensive place to incorporate do shopping, recreation amusement into an organic whole of Tianjin.

In the area under the jurisdiction of the municipal government of Tianjin, there are numerous golf courses and clubs, there is China Na golf club of buying area of the pool, lie in the international golf club of the beautiful district in the east, of Nankai area India golf club, lie in peace Songjiang river group of district moor lake golf club and of east district of river northern part of the country golf club ,etc..

If does not really like these modern amusement ways, can choose to incorporate in the characteristic culture of Tianjin, cross-talk, transfer at the Tianjin, Tianjin clapper ballad, modern drama ,etc., while sampling, close the eye and think, experience the conversion in space-time, combine one's own experience, should magically change into medicine of soul.

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Transportation

It is as the back garden of Capital of Beijing, not only the commerce is prosperous, but also the prosperity very much of entertainment industry, Tianjin place of entertainment inside all everywhere, famous shopping place Tianjin Chuanye market, not only the shopping plaza that visitors must go, but also one of the famous places of the amusement of Tianjin, here famous a " six day ", Heavenly Palace cinema, day theatre, it happy theatre, scene of China, latitude ball society, it reveal teahouse, heaven rise places of entertainment such as the theatre ,etc. it is the largest multi-functional, high-grade new comprehensive place to incorporate do shopping, recreation amusement into an organic whole of Tianjin.

In the area under the jurisdiction of the municipal government of Tianjin, there are numerous golf courses and clubs, there is China Na golf club of buying area of the pool, lie in the international golf club of the beautiful district in the east, of Nankai area India golf club, lie in peace Songjiang river group of district moor lake golf club and of east district of river northern part of the country golf club ,etc..

If does not really like these modern amusement ways, can choose to incorporate in the characteristic culture of Tianjin, cross-talk, transfer at the Tianjin, Tianjin clapper ballad, modern drama ,etc., while sampling, close the eye and think, experience the conversion in space-time, combine one's own experience, should magically change into medicine of soul.

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Map of Tianjin

 

map

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