Marinduque is a heart-shaped island and the smallest province of Region IV, located between the Bondoc Peninsula and Mindoro Islands. It is bounded by Quezon Province on the north, Bondoc Peninsula on the East, Romblon on the south and Mindoro Oriental of the west. Legend says that the original name of the island was 'Malandik'. The Spanish found it hard to pronounce so they called the island Marinduc. Later Marinduc became Marinduque.
Marinduque is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. Its capital is Boac. Marinduque lies between Tayabas Bay to the north and Sibuyan Sea to the south. It is located south and west of Quezon, east of Mindoro, and north of Romblon.
Marinduque is a heart-shaped island situated about eleven miles (18 km) from the main island of Luzon. It is 370 square miles (960 km2) making it the thirteenth largest island in the Philippine archipelago.
Marinduqueños are of Tagalog origin and speak Tagalog. However, because of the island's proximity to the Visayas region, the Marinduqueño variant of Tagalog has many words that are Visayan origin and are not comprehensible to other Tagalog speakers. Traces of Bicolano can also be found in this variant. Filipino and English are also well understood.
Marinduqueños are very hospitable in nature and are very welcoming. One such custom reflecting this is putong, which is a custom of welcoming and honoring friends and visitors. The honoree (or honorees) are seated and crowned with flowers while local women dance and sing for them. Other well-wishers throw coins and flower petals for long life.
The Moriones festival also plays a prominent role in Marinduque's culture. Marinduque is famous for this annual Moriones Festival. During the month of April, parades and celebrations can be seen on the streets. In Buenavista, Gasan, Boac, and Mogpog, a parade of people dressed as Moriones can be seen on the main road connecting the towns of the island. Boac and Sta. Cruz, the biggest town in the province, shows a reenactment in the evening of the actual event when Longinus, a blind soldier, punctures Jesus with his spear and blood droplets from the wound restores Longinus' sight.
Legend has it that the island of Marinduque was formed as a consequence of a tragic love affair between two people: Marina and Garduke. Marina's father, a local chieftain, did not approve of this affair and ordered the beheading of Garduke. Before this could be done, the couple sailed out to sea and drowned themselves, forming the island now called Marinduque. Another version of the story told in Buenavista, Marina is fairy who lives in the Malindig Mountain. The suitor is a Duke. They got married and the island was named after them, Marina and the Duke. Other versions of the legend also claim that the island was named "Malindik", named after Marinduque's highest mountain, Mt. Malindig. When Spanish conquistadors arrived in the Philippines, they found the name hard to pronounce, which led to the renaming of the island as "Marinduc" and later the current "Marinduque" when spelled in its French from (e.g. Antique for Hantik, Cavite for Kawit).
During the Spanish and early American occupations, Marinduque was part of the province of Balayan (now Batangas) in the 16th century, Mindoro in the 17th century, and had a brief period as an independent province in 1901, when the Americans arrived.
During the Philippine-American War, Marinduque was the first island to have American concentration camps. Marinduque is the site of the Battle of Pulang Lupa, where Filipino soldiers under Colonel Maximo Abad, defeated a larger better trained force of Americans.
In 1902, the US-Philippine Commission annexed the islands of Mindoro (now two separate provinces) and Lubang (now part of Occidental Mindoro) to the province.
Four months later, the province became part of the province of Tayabas (now Quezon).
On February 21, 1920, Act 2280 was passed by the Philippine Congress, reestablishing Marinduque as a separate province.
In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces landed in Marinduque.
In 1945, landed from the American and Philippine Commonwealth troops attacked from the Japanese Troops liberated to the Battle of Marinduque in the Second World War.
Marinduque is an agricultural province, primarily growing rice and coconuts. It is also a place for handicrafts that is now being exported to dıfferent parts of the world. Fishing is also an important part of the economy. Mining was once an important player in the economy until a mining accident (the Marcopper Mining Disaster) occurred, bringing the industry to a standstill on the island and causing countless amounts of damage to the people and the island. The provincial government has just recently sued Marcopper's parent company, Placer Dome, for $100 million in damages. Placer Dome was purchased in 2006 by Barrick Gold, who has now been joined in the lawsuit.
Tourism also plays a major role in the economy especially during the lenten season. Whilst not a major source of economy for the island, it has shown great growth.
Currently, Marinduque is served with a direct flight to and from Manila with Zest Airways (Formerly Asian Spirit), the aircraft lands at the Marinduque Airport in barangay Masiga, roughly in between Gasan and Boac.
Montenegro Lines- bounding from Lucena City to Marinduque through Balanacan Port in Mogpog, Buyabod Port in Sta. Cruz, and Cawit Port in Boac.
MV - Torrijos- bounding from Lucena City to Marinduque through Buyabod Port in Sta. Cruz, and Cawit Port in Boac.
Jac Liner also served a direct route from Manila to Marinduque through roll on-roll off along the way.
Bathala Caves, Sta, Cruz - A complex network of 7 caves but only four of these caves have so far been explored. Simbahan is the biggest, Kay Coke cave is occasionally guarded by a python, third cave has an underground river and in the fourth cave are human bones believed to be the remains of WWII soldiers
Elephant Island, Buenavista - One of the small islets dotting the seas of Marinduque is almost surrounded by sheer cliffs with a half-kilometer beach of white sand and crushed corals.
Malbog Spring, Buenavista - Therapeutic waters found at the base of Mt. Malinding. Two swimming pools of warm though slightly sulfuric waters offer relaxing baths to visitors.
Mt. Malindig - Bordering the towns of Buenavista and Torrijos. An inactive volcano rising 3,167 feet above the sea.
Paadjao Falls - Series of gently cascading falls (100 feet) that settles into a 15-foot fall. Hunt for nature-formed bathtubs downstream and enjoy jacuzzi-like effects.
Polo, Maniwaya and Mongpong Islets, Sta. Cruz - Major islets found on the northeastern coast of Marinduque. Ideal for swimming and snorkeling is the stretch of white-sand beach located of the south side of Maniwaya. Farthest from the mainland of the province is Mongpong, its fringing reefs a haunt for scuba divers.
Talamban Caves, Boac - Two separate limestone-caves located about 100 meters from each other. Bigger one can be explored using ropes or rappels and lights. Said to have an underground stream.
Tres Reyes Island, Gasan - Three islets named Gaspar, Melchor and Baltazar, collectively known as the Tres Reyes Islands, are among the favorite picnic grounds and dive spots in Marinduque. Gaspar has a short stretch of coral beach with clear blue-green waters ideal for swimming and snorkeling. Melchor and Baltazar have preciptitous shore cliffs and under water caves frequented by divers.