Mabuhay! Welcome to Cagayan de Oro,
Cagayan de Oro is situated 491 miles (810 air kilometers) south of Metro Manila, an hour and twenty minutes away by plane and thirty minutes from Cebu. Travelling by sea, it is thirty hours from Manila and four to nine hours from Cebu. By land, the city can be reached within forty hours from Manila.
Its average temperature is 27C while its average humidity is 79.25%. The coldest month is noted in January while the hottest is August. Dry season is from November to April while wet season is from May to October.
The native Cagayanon is a mixture of Maranaw, Bukidnon, Spanish, American and Chinese blood. As of 1998, the recorded population size is 485,996. Visayan or Cebuano is the local dialect. Majority of the people however, can speak and understand Tagalog and English.
Roman Catholic is the dominant religion. Other religious affiliations include Protestants, Baptists, Fundamentalists, Islam, Iglesia Ni Kristo, Philippine Independent Church, and Pentecostal.
A GLIMPSE OF CAGAYAN DE ORO
Many years ago when Spanish colonists added the words "de Oro" ("of gold") to the name of the old coastal settlement of Cagayan, they were referring to the specks of gold they had discoevered in the Cagayan River. But today the terms has come to describe the "golden friendship" of a city known for its warm people and old-fashioned hospitality, as well as its emerging status as a booming eduational and commercial center. Cradled between the ancient mountains of Mindanao's interior and the gentle waters of Macabalan Bay. Cagaya de Oro - the capital of Misamis Oriental Province - is a growing center for both business and pleasure.
GETTING THERE. From Manila, domestic flights leave several times a day for Cagayan de Oro. Passenger ships also arrive regularly from Manila and the Visayas.
GETTING AROUND. Air-conditioned taxis are readily available. Cagayan has extensive bus connections around the region. To reach Camiguin island, take a ferry from either Cagayan de Oro harbor or Balingonan town; flights directly to the island may be available from Cebu.
Cagayan de Oro (abbreviated C.D.O.) is a premier city in Mindanao. It is the capital of the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines and the regional center for Northern Mindanao (Region X). According to the 2000 census, it has an estimated population of 461,877 people in 200,000 households.
The city has many names, it is called the Gateway to Northern Mindanao, the City of White Water Rafting and River Trekking. Recently it is promoted as the I.C.T. goldmine of the Philippines. But most of all, it is through its warm and hospitable people that the city got its name as "The City of Golden Friendship".
Geography : It is located at 8°29′N 124°39′E, in Mindanao. It is bordered by the province of Bukidnon to the east and south and by the municipality of Manticao, Misamis Oriental to the west. On the north lies Macajalar Bay in the Bohol Sea. The Cagayan River divides the city in the middle. The river is crossed by four bridges in the city. The city is surrounded by municipalites. It is located in the province of Misamis Oriental and Region X. Cagayan de Oro is outside the typhoon belt, but it is affected by the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone. The city is bordered by Opol, Tagoloan, and Bukidnon.
Accessibility : Cagayan de Oro, as the gateway to Northern Mindanao, is very accessible. From Manila, it is an hour and twenty-five minutes away by plane and from Cebu it is an hour and ten minutes. The Lumbia Airport caters daily flights to and from Manila and Cebu. Cagayan de Oro and Northern Mindanao will soon have the Laguindingan International Airport that will cater international flights to South Korea and other parts of the world. By sea, there are regular trips to Manila, Cebu, Tagbilaran, Jagna, Bacolod, Dumaguete, Iligan, and Iloilo. By land, there are regular bus trips to Gingoog, Davao, Butuan and Surigao in the CARAGA Region, Valencia and Malaybalay in Bukidnon, Iligan, Ozamiz, and other parts of Mindanao.
Historyy : The area of present Cagayan de Oro has been occupied by indigenous people for approximately 41,114 years. The first inhabitants were the Higaunons, and later on, the Visayan groups.
Two thousand years ago, there were already ancient Kagayanons living around the vicinity of the Huluga Caves. There were also ancient tools used by the ancient Kagayanons. When the Arab missionaries came, Kalambaguhan (or present Cagayan de Oro) was part of the sultanate of Tagoloan. Kalambaguhan was a small settlement of Bukidnons who lived along the riverbanks of Kalambaguhan River.
During this time, Sultan Kudarat would raid these places. Datu Salangsang, their leader, led the Bukidnons to transfer to the hills of Huluga. In 1622, Fray Agustin de San Pedro went to see Datu Salangsang and to transfer to present day Gaston Park. The raids of the Maguindanao warriors were repulsed by Fray Agustin de San Pedro.
Cagayan de Oro is geographically located in the island of Mindanao between the central coastline of Macajalar Bay and the naturally rich plateaus and mountains of Bukidnon and Lanao del Norte to the south. It is bounded by the two municipalities of Misamis Oriental : Tagoloan and Opol on the east and west respectively. The city has a total land area of 488.86 square kilometers, representing 13.7% of the entire Misamis Oriental. It has about 25 kilometers of coastline and a fine deep water harbor within Macajalar Bay.