Originally known as "Buglas" by its natives. This fourth largest island in the Philippine archipelago was given the name "Negros" by the Spanish navigators when Esteban de Rodriguez discovered the island in April, 1565 and found its earliest occupants to be dark-skinned natives belonging to the Negrito ethnic group. The natives then, occupied initially most of the southern portion of the province, being Binalbagan and Ilog. Two of the earliest native settlements which officially became towns in 1572 and 1584, respectively. Other settlements were Hinigaran, Bago, Marayo (now Pontevedra), Mamalan (now HImamaylan) and Candaguit.
Topography, Soil and Climate
The City is ideally located on a level area, slightly sloping as it extends toward the sea with an average slopes of 0.9 percent for the City Proper and between 3 to 5 percent for the suburbs. The altitude is 32.8 feet or 10.0 meters above sea level. The benchmark is the Bacolod Public Plaza.By soil type, the different varieties of soil covering the entire area fall into several broad types and qualities like Bago Fine Sandy Loam, Bago Sandy Clay Loam, Guimbala-on Fine Sandy Loam, Guimbala-on Loam, Hydrosol, Rough Mountainous Land, Silay Loam, Silay Sandy Loam and Tupi Fine Sandy Loam.Bacolod has two (2) pronounced seasons, wet and dry. The rainy season starts from May to January of the following year with heavy rains occur during the months of August and September. Dry season starts from the month of February up to the last week of April.
Negros Occidental Travel Information
Sugar and gold have provided the province of Negros Occidental with a colorful, exotic past, when the island was home to powerful plantation owners, adventurers and fortune seekers. Its main tourist attractions are impressive, vast sugar plantations, old locomotives (iron dinosaurs), majestic mountains and the legacies of the colonial era.
Mambucal is known for its hot sulphur springs and seven waterfalls. It is also the gateway to the Mt. Kanlaon National Park, a haven for mountain climbers.
Lakawon Island in Cadiz City has some of the best beaches in the province.
San Sebastian Cathedral, Bacolod, is made of coral stones and lime quarried from nearby Guimaras Island. The Chapel of Santa Clara ha a unique mural mosaic of the Virgin Mary, made up of 95,000 polished shells. The Chapel of Cartwheels, in Manapla, was constructed using old carabao cartwheels.
Sagay City is home to the legendary "Shay" steam locomotives and Vito Church.