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Introduction

facade Myanmar is a new and emerging tourist destination in South East Asia. Known to most travellers as "the Golden land", Myanmar is rich in cultures and natural attractions. 5,000 years ago, Myanmar's Irrawaddy River, the village has been human habitation. In 2005, the Government of Myanmar to the capital was moved from the territory's largest city Yangon to the new capital Naypyidaw.There are numerous pagodas, temples, beauty spots, archaeological sites, snow-peaked mountains, deep forests with abundant flora and fauna, rivers and natural lakes, unspoiled beaches and archipelagos, 135 national races with their colourful costumes and customs, traditional arts and crafts all make up Myanmar the most exotic and fascinating destination in Asia.


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Myanmar Geography

geographyMyanmar, which has a total area of 678,500 square kilometres (262,000 sq mi), is the largest country in mainland Southeast Asia, and the 40th-largest in the world.Burma consisted of 14 states and regions, 67 districts, 330 townships, 64 sub‐townships, 377 towns, 2914 Wards, 14220 village tracts and 68290 villages.It is bounded by Laos and Thailand to the southeast. Myanmar has 1,930 kilometres (1,200 mi) of contiguous coastline along the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea to the southwest and the south, which forms one quarter of its total perimeter.Much of the country lies between the Tropic of Cancer and the Equator. It lies in the monsoon region of Asia, with its coastal regions receiving over 5,000 mm (196.9 in) of rain annually. Annual rainfall in the delta region is approximately 2,500 mm (98.4 in), while average annual rainfall in the Dry Zone, which is located in central Burma, is less than 1,000 mm (39.4 in). Northern regions of the country are the coolest, with average temperatures of 21 °C (70 °F). Coastal and delta regions have an average maximum temperature of 32 °C (89.6 °F).

Myanmar is a mild climate, natural beauty. With its lush jungles, mist-shrouded mountains, that quietly flowing mountain river, everywhere reveals this country's natural and rustic. Due to its geographical location, the Myanmar year round pleasant climate here attractive scenery with the ever-changing climate change. Popular in Myanmar literary twelve seasons poetry is to describe nature presents this colorful.

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Practical Information


History of Myanmar

historyMyanmar is a long history of ancient civilizations, formed in 1044 after the reunification of the country, has experienced three feudal dynasties of Bagan, East dock and tribute standings. The United Kingdom from 1824 to 1885 has launched three times invaded Burma war and occupation of Burma .1886 Burma classified as a province of British India. Myanmar out of British India in 1937, directly ruled by the British Governor. The Japanese occupation of Burma in 1942. The total nationwide uprising in 1945, Myanmar retrocession. After the British to regain control of Burma. In October 1947, the British were forced to announce the Burma Independence Act. January 4, 1948 Myanmar out of the Commonwealth to declare independence, and the establishment of the Union of Myanmar. January 1974 was renamed the Socialist Republic of the Union of Myanmar. In July 1988, due to the deterioration of the economic situation, Myanmar demonstrations broke out across the country. On September 18 of the same year, the army, led by Defense Minister General Saw Maung took power, the establishment of a "National restore law and order committee" (in 1997 renamed the State Peace and Development Council), announced the abolition of the Constitution, the dissolution of the People's Assembly and the National Authority. September 23, 1988, the name of the country renamed Myanmar Federative Socialist Republic "to the" Union of Myanmar ". In May 2008, the new Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar passed, requiring a presidential regime. Myanmar held multiparty national elections in 2010 in accordance with the new constitution.

Myanmar Culture

Although court culture has been extinguished, popular street-level culture is vibrant and thriving. Drama is the mainstay of this culture, and just about any celebration is a good excuse for a pwe (show). Performances may recount Buddhist legends, or be more light-hearted entertainments involving slapstick comedy, dance, ensemble singing or giant puppets. Myanmar music is an integral part of a pwe; it originates from Thai and emphasises rhythm and melody. Instruments are predominantly percussive and include drums, boat-shaped harps, gongs and bamboo flutes. Over 85% of the Myanmar population is Theravada Buddhist. In the Rakhine region, towards Bangladesh, there are many Muslims.Christian missionaries have had some success among hill tribes but many remain staunch animists.The toys of Myanmar are not only for the children but also famous in the world, known as the Marionettes or Puppets of Myanmar. Its a combination of Myanmar Art and Culture, together to show the inner expressions of the Myanmar people. Myanmar also have festivals all around the year, at least one in each month of the year. The most famous festival of Myanmar is the Thingyan Water Festival, which is held from 13 April to 16 April every year.

culture culture market

Population

The estimate population is nearly 60 millions with an annual growth rate of around 2.1%. Approximately 74% live in rural area.There are 135 national races. The Bama (burmes) are the majority group, comprising about 65 percent of population. The other main groups are the Shan, Kachin,Kayar, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Rakhine with various sub groups that often speak their languages. Each national group has its own culture and dialect, and most of the sub groups live in remote mountainous regions. They preserve their own traditions and customs and enjoy festivities.

Economy

Myanmar is primarily an agriculture country. About two-third of the working population is engaged in growing or processing crops, while about one-tenth works in industry. Before World War II Myanmar was the world's major rice exporter. After the war, the area of land devoted to agriculture slowly recovered, but as the population grew the surplus available for export never reached the earlier level. For a while forestry was the major export earner. Today, tourism, though small by international standard, is the major source of foreign exchange. From 1962 to 1988 the country was closed to the world and in the 1990s, the military government took over the power and has opened the economy to market forces. Currently the new government inviting foreign investment.

Drink and Food

The main of Myanmar cuisine are rice, curries and vegetables. A vegetable soup (HinGyo) and a fish paste (NgaPiYe) always accompany in main course. Chinese, Indian, Thai, Japanese, Western and European foods are available in the most tourist restaurants.

We do not recommend to drink tap water and it is advisable to drink bottled mineral water. All hotels provide a complimentary bottle of local mineral water per person in the room. Ice cubes in drinks is generally OK in good standard hotels and restaurants but it is not recommended in the street stalls. Some minor stomach problems are always possible when travelling in exotic countries. It is advisable to bring a supply of your usual anti-diarrhoea medicine.

food food food food
food food food food

Travel etiquette

Tourism in Myanmar is the most important to respect local religious practices. Myanmar is a Buddhist country, various rituals of life are filled with Buddhist overtones. Can be seen in the streets of Yangon, flower bushes, often a variety of bird chased, because local people to develop the custom of unkilling them, as the crow as "Bird" doubly take good care of them. The gods their cattle Jingruo the God cattle "encounter" in the downtown, pedestrians and vehicles should avoid to give way. Whichever the case, even foreign visitors must take off your shoes to enter the pagoda or temple.

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Myanmar Religion

Burma Sangha in the whole of Myanmar is very respected. Theravada Buddhism in the third century BC, passed in Myanmar, Myanmar residents universal belief in the eleventh century, and continues to this day. Nu law Tuo listen to the recommendations of Mon monks arahant exclude Alicante monks, given Theravada Buddhism as the state religion.

religionMyanmar is a country of very strong religious consciousness.In the streets of Myanmar. Anytime, anywhere can be seen wearing a Buddhist monk's robe and yarn monks carrying a black umbrella, 10 tens of thousands of National monks, only in Yangon, Mandalay, the monk had more than 20,000 people, an average of 300 people willa monk, Buddhists in each man to a certain age have to be a monk when a monk, and recognition of its adult community, and later return to secular life to be able to enjoy the right to marriage, the monk age of 10-year-old monk timein previous shortest for the year, and now has been shortened to seven days.Can also be months, years or even a lifetime as a monk. The monk is very simple procedures. Therefore, in Myanmar monk easy deciding to leave and also easy to say.

Guest to go to the Myanmar people, you will see that almost every household supplied with shrines. Wealthy family for Golden Buddha, silver Buddha, the Emerald Buddha, the general income people for wooden Buddha statue, a poor family people feed Buddha. Worship Buddha is a major event in the Myanmar people do daily. The first thing people get up early to the market to buy a variety of flowers in the shrines, then as early as worship prayer. The night before going to bed also evening worship. Every holiday, Burmese often to the temple to worship Buddha listen through, or to the the distance famous the pagoda Qubai tower.

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Myanmar Transport
transport transport transport
transport transport transport


By plane

There are also three privately owned airlines serving the main domestic routes in Myanmar. They are Air Bagan(W9), Air Mandalay(6T) and Yangon Airways(YH). While more expensive, they are a safer option and would get you to all the main tourist destinations from Yangon or Mandalay.

By boat

Myanmar has about 8000 km long river line, there are several important rivers in Myanmar, including Bhamo (Bhamo), Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) Twante Canal, and the Chindwin river (Chindwin). Bureau operated the most ferry by the government of inland water transport (IWT).

There is also a large river ferry network. Both are to a large extent run by the government, although there are now some private ferry services. The trip from Mandalay to Bagan takes the better part of a day, from Bagan to Yangon is several days.

By bus

Buses of all types ply the roads of Myanmar. Luxury (relatively speaking) buses do the Mandalay-Yangon run while lesser vehicles can get travellers to other places. Fares are reasonable and in Kyat and, for the budget traveller, there is no other option because of the high price of train tickets for foreign nationals. Many long distance buses assign seats so it is best to book seats at least a day in advance. Because the roads are bad, avoid the rear of the bus and try to sit as far up front as you can get. Long distance buses also have an extra jump seat that blocks the aisle and, because it is not well secured to the chassis, can be uncomfortable (which also means that there is no such thing as a side seat where taller travellers can thrust their legs). A window near the front of the bus is always the best option.

By car

You can hire a private car and driver at reasonable rates to tour independently. The licenced guides at Schwedagon Paya in Yangon can arrange to have a driver with a car meet you at your hotel. Another way is to arrange for a car through a travel agency, though it can be quite expensive. You can "test" the driver and the car by driving around the city for 10 or 15 minutes. If you are satisfied, a departure date and time and per diem rates (inclusive of petrol) can be negotiated. Some guides are willing to travel with you to serve as interpreters.

By bike

Myanmar everywhere can rent a bike, rent a day cost about 500 kyat -2500 Kyat. The bike Please remember safekeeping.

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Location

 

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