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facade Mandalay is the second-largest city and the last royal capital of Burma. Located 445 miles (716 km) north of Yangon on the east bank of the Irrawaddy River, the city has a population of one million,and is the capital of Mandalay Region. Mandalay is the economic hub of Upper Burma and considered the centre of Burmese culture. A continuing influx of Chinese immigrants, mostly from Yunnan Province, in the past twenty years, has reshaped the city's ethnic makeup and increased commerce with China.Despite Naypyidaw's recent rise, Mandalay remains Upper Burma's main commercial, educational and health centre.

The city is the economic and religious hub of upper Myanmar. The city is centred around the Royal Palace, and has wide lanes filled with bicycles and motorcycles. Mandalay is known for its millionaires, its monks (half of the country's monks reside in Mandalay and surrounding areas), and its cultural diversity.

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Mandalay Climate

Mandalay is located in the central dry zone of Burma by the Irrawaddy river at 21.98° North, 96.08° East, 64 metres (210 feet) above sea level. Mandalay lies along the Sagaing Fault, a tectonic plate boundary between the India and Sunda plates. (The biggest earthquake in its history, with a magnitude of 7, occurred in 1956.The devastation was greatest in nearby Sagaing, and it came to be known as the Great Sagaing Quake.)

Mandalay has a semi-tropical climate. Winter (which is dry and cold) lasts from November to February, and summer lasts from March to May. Because Mandalay is in the central dry zone, it receives far less rain than the more tropical south.

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Food and drink

Mandalay, both due to its history as a former capital of Myanmar, and its position as a major trading centre between Myanmar and it's neighbours in China, India and Bangladesh has a notable array of specialties both from various regions within Myanmar as well as from other countries. Cuisine from the Shan State (usually including fermented pastes, vegetables, and meats) is popular in Mandalay which has a notable Shan minority. Muslim Chinese noodles, pronounced pan-THEI-kao-sweh (flat thin noodles mixed with an array of spices, chili, and chicken), are also famous in Mandalay and the surrounding hills. Regardless of where you eat, try and leave space for Htou moun(to-moh), a traditional Burmese dessert sold only in Mandalay. Beware, it contains a lot of oil and is extremely sweet.

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Mann Restaurant

Mann Restaurant, 83rd Street (Between 25th & 26th Streets). A Chinese restaurant, frequented by locals, but not so much by foreigners. Has a number of basic Chinese meals, at around 2000k a plate. Easily recognised from the street by the abundant yellow and black advertising for a local whisky brand. (They do sell beer and alcohol here too, Myanmar Beer at 1500k a bottle compared to 2000k in Yangon.)

Too Too Myanmar Cuisine

Too Too Myanmar Cuisine, 28th Street (Between 74th & 75th Streets). Supposedly has the best Burmese food in whole Mandalay.

Nepali Food

Nepali Food, 81st St, between 26 and 27. Simple and delicious chapatis served with three curries (1500-2000 kyat)

Nylon Ice Cream

Nylon Ice Cream, The corner of 83 and 25. Serves a variety of ice creams from chocolate to durian - delicious and surprisingly cheap (300 kyat and up)

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Mandalay Attractions

Sight Sight Sight Sight

Mandalay Hill

The hill has for long been a holy mount. Legend has it that the Buddha, on his visit, had prophesied that a great city would be founded at its foot. Mandalay Hill, 230 metres in elevation, commands a magnificent view of the city and surrounding countryside. The construction of a motor road to reach the hill-top has already been finished.

Mandalay Palace

The whole magnificent palace complex was destroyed by a fire during World War II. However, the finely built palace walls, the city gates with their crowning wooden pavilions and the surrounding moat still represent an impressive scene of the Mandalay Palace, "Mya-nan-san-kyaw Shwenandaw", which has been rebuilt using forced labour. A model of the Mandalay Palace, Nanmyint-saung and Cultural Museum are located inside the Palace grounds.

Mahagandhayon Monastery

This is a mere Mandalay 50 years, but has the nation's largest monks, ranged in age from 12-year-old young novices to 65-year-old abbot. Monk hospital daily meals are believers worship, and even as far away as Taiwan's devout believers.

Maha Muni Pagoda

Revered as the holiest pagoda in Mandalay, It was built by King Bodawpaya in 1784. The image in a sitting posture is 12 feet and 7 inches (3.8 m) high. As the image was brought from Rakhine State it was also called the Great Rakhine Buddha. The early morning ritual of washing the Face of Buddha Image draws a large crowd of devotees everyday. The Great Image is also considered as the greatest, next to the Shwedagon Pagoda, in Burma. A visit to Mandalay is incomplete without a visit to Maha Muni Pagoda.

Century teak bridge

Teak is one of Myanmar's most precious treasures. wisdom of Burmese widely used in housing construction or carving. Century teak bridge is located about 11 kilometers south of downtown Mandalay(U Bein Bridge, built in 1851).more people-hand look at the teak immortality. The 1.2 km long teak bridge built by 1086 solid teak, across Taungthaman. this design can slow the rainy season when the strong impact of the flood on the bridge. Hundred years lay passed, people on both sides of the lake is still relying on the bridge in harmony.

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Mandalay Transport
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By Air

Mandalay International Airport is the largest and most modern airport in Burma. Built at a cost of US$150 million in 2000, the airport is highly underutilized; it serves mostly domestic flights with the exception of flights to Kunming. The airport has come to represent the military regime's propensity for bad planning and penchant for white elephant projects.

By Bus

Buses, pickup trucks are mostly concentrated in the Zeigyo center market, can reach Mandalay Hill and nearby attractions.84 Street and 29 Street intersection pickup truck can reach Mara Brad ancient city. Despite the pick-up truck in pristine condition is very poor, but the fare is very low, between 200-300k, the co-pilot seat next to the driver is relatively comfortable, the fare is 400k.

By Taxi

The taxi is not a lot in mandalay avenue, is generally Japanese second - hand car.Taxi isn't design valence,On the front of the car should bargain from driver.The day chartered costs between $ 12-16 in advance to talk a good line to go and attractions.

By Bike

Mandalay have many tricycle that tourists commonly used.the pedicab often give tourists relatively high valence.I t take about 1000k for you to visit city attractions.Therefore,Prior know what attractions distance is very important.

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