Khao Yai & Nakhon Ratchasima Travel Information
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Introduction || Attractions || Historical Sites || How to Get There || Festivals & Events


Geography: Khmer ruins and the The city of various famous statue of Khun Ying Mo named Nakhon Ratchasima or commonly known as Khorat is situated on a plateau, about 259 kilometers northeast of Bangkok. Administration of this province is divided into 26 Amphoes and 6 King Amphoes. The city itself serves as the gateway to the Northeastern Region.

: Chaiyaphum, Khon Kaen
: Prachin Buri, Nakhon Nayok
: Buriram
: Chaiyaphum, Saraburi and Nakhon Nayok

The distance between Amphoe Muang and other Amphoes

- Ban Luem
- Chakkarat
- Chum Phuang
- Huai Thalaeng
- Kham Sakee Saeng
- Khon Buri
- Nong Boon Nag
- Non Sung
- Pak Chong
- Phimai
- Sikhiu
- Sung Noen

118 kms.
43 kms.
97 kms.
71 kms.
47 kms.
58 kms.
51 kms.
37 kms.
87 kms.
60 kms.
49 kms.
37 kms.

- Bua Yai
- Chok Chai
- Dan Khun Thot
- Kang Sanam Nang
- Kham Thalesor
- Khong
- Nong Daeng
-Non Thai
- Pak Thong Chai
- Prathai
- Soeng Saen
- Wang Nam Kheo

103 kms.
31 kms.
60 kms.
130 kms.
25 kms.
97 kms.
74 kms.
29 kms.
38 kms.
87 kms.
89 kms.
79 kms.



Natural Beauty

The Khao Yai Natioanl Park

The Khao Yai National about 200 kilometers away from Bangkok along Highway No. 2 with 40 kilometers right turn a Km. 165.5. The tourists who travel by public transport can take the bus from Bangkok抯 Northeastern Bus Turmial to Amphoe Pak Choang and hire a local mini-bus (Song-Thawo) at Pak Chong market to Khao Yai. The Khao Yai National Park is covering an area of 2,168 square kilometers in four provinces: Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Nayok, Saraburi, and Prachin Buri. The Park comprises various mountains, two important rivers of Lam Takhong and Nakhon Nayok, with many rare species of fauna and flora and over 20 waterfalls. Camping sites in the park are available.

Lam Takhong Dam
Located on the edge of Friendship Highway (Mittraphap Road), forming a large reservoir with a capacity of 310 cubic meters of water, capable of helping a total of 238,000 rai of agricultural land, surrounded by and atmosphere of shady trees and beautiful views of nature, good to visit for recreation.

Lam Phra Phloeng Dam
It is situated in Pak Thong Chai District, some 28 kilometers from the main highway. From the dam, boats can also be hired for going another 23 kilometers up to the reservoir.

Sai Ngam
The place is located in Tambon Nai Muang, Amphoe Phimai about 1.5 kilometers northeast of Phimai Historical Park. this is another well-known sight-seeing spot. A road to Sai Ngam passes through Phimai Irrigation Project. This is a dam built across Moon River. Sai Ngam is located on the bank of this river. At the place there are many banyan trees of which with each other until it is not possible to distinguish on tree's branches and leaves from those of the other. The interwoven branches and leaves extend densely over an area of about 15,000 square feet. They are perhaps the largest banyan trees in Southeast Asia.

Nakhon Ratchasima Zoological
It is 13 kms. away from Nakhon Ratchasima on Nakhon Ratchasima-Pak Thong Chai road (highway No. 304). It is the fifth zoo of Thailand covers an area of 545 raise. It will be completely built in 1998. There are lot of interesting wildlife animals; for example, bison, hog deer, and animal of the antler kind, wild gibbon, jaguar, snake, wild cat, etc. Moreover, there are variety of different species of birds; for example, cassowaries birds from Africa, sarus crane, Thai and Indian peacocks, etc. The zoo open everyday from 08.00 am. - 04.30 pm. without any charges.


Historical Sites

The Monument of Thao Suranari
The monument of Thao Suranari or Khun Ying Mo is situated in front of the old gate of "Pratu Chumpon" on the west side of the city. This monument was erected in 1934 to commemorate the heroic deed of Khun Ying Mo, wife of the Deputy Governor of Khorat during the reign of King Rama III, who managed to save the city from the invasion of the Laotian army led by Price Anuwong of Vientian. Every year from March 23 to April 3, there is a celebration to honour this statue which draw thousands of people from town and neighboring provinces.

Wat Phra Narai Maharat
Wat Rhra Narai Maharat on Prachak Road houses an image of Narayana (Hindu God) made of sand stone. The statue is considered the major sacred object of the city. THE CITY PILLAR is also enshrined in this temple.

Wat Sala Loi
Wat Sala Loi Is located on the bank of Lam Takhong River about 500 meters off the side-road to Northeast of the town. The main chapel, which received many awards from various architectural associations as a modern leading design of religious monument, is constructed in the shape of Chinese Junk.

Maha Weerwong National Museum
Maha Weerawong National Museum opposite to the City Hall, exhibits various arts objects and artifacts donated to Somdet Maha Weerawong, e.g. sand stone Buddha images of Khmer and Ayutthaya period, Bronze Buddha images, different sizes ceramics and wood carvings from ancient monasteries. It is opened every day except Mondays, Tuesdays and official holidays.

Prasat Hin Phanom Wan
Prasat Hin Phanom Wan is located 20 kilometers from town. It can be reached by following Nakhon Ratchasima-Khon Kaen Highway; then turning right at kilometer 14-15 and traveling on for 5 kilometers. This religious place was constructed in the 12th century. Its Khmer style resembles Prasat Hin Phimai but its size is smaller. Its main stupa facing the east was built of sandstone an connected the Mandapa by a square path of 25.5 meter length and 10.20 meter width. The Prasat is surrounded by laterite wall and has Gopuras (entrances) from four directions. Outside the walls, there are a lot of ponds.

Wat Pa Salawan
Wat Pa Salawan is located behind Nakhon Ratchasima Railway Station. This monastery houses the relics of Acharn Man, Acharn Tim, and Acharn Sao, three holy well known Buddhist monks of Thailand.

Miss Boonlua Memorial
Miss Boonlua Memorial is located in Boonlua vidhyanusorn school, 12 kms. From the city on the highway to Chaiyaphum. The statue is to commemorate the heroic deed of miss Boonlua and the people of Nakhon Ratchasima who died in the battle of Thung Samrit in 1826.

The Phimai National Museum>
The Phimai National Museum is at the approach in Amphoe Phimai, some 60 kilometers northeast of Nakhon Ratchasima. The museum houses an extensive collection of succeeding eras of Ancient Khmer and Dvaravati artifacts : carved sandstone pediments and lintels from the 6th century Dvaravati Period, and those of Khmer,s ranging from the early Koh Ker style from 9th century Dvaravati style to Angkor Wat抯 Bayon style of the 12th century.

The Phimai Historical Park
The Phimai Historical Park Dotted about Thailand抯 great northeastern plateau are numerous temples of varying sizes; most of these structures are believed to be about a thousand years old. These building-built of brick, stone, or combinations of the two material-are of two types: those built by persons of Brahman culture, these have three to five-storied bases surmounted by prominent spires; those constructed by Buddhist patronages, have a low base an their spires are not so tall. The most spectacular of them all is at Phimai, 60 kms. Northeast of Nakhon Ratchasima. Prasat Hin Phimai which is the charmingly amusing largest sandstone sanctuary in Thailand almost situated in the center of Phimai Ancient city which carries a rectangular shape of 665 meters wide and 1,030 meters long. Nowadays, the Sanctuary looks magnificently restored and renovated. The ruins of the fascinating ancient Khmer architecture has been preserved as the National Historical Park. The monument itself is surrounded with two red sandstone walls; the external wall and the gallery. There are punctuated by gate towers (Gopuras) at four cardinal points, North, South, East and West. The main entrance is decorated with Naga balustrade which faces to the south where there are ancient routes cut from Angkor. The main white sandstone Prang has its place in the middle, towers of 28 meters in height, and flanked by two minor buildings, of the left was built in laterite called "Prang Bhramadhat" and on the right was built in sandstone called "Prang Hin Daeng". Evidences of the main sanctuary reveal that all the external lintels including pediments involve Hinduism, such as the carvings of Ramayana Story, Figures of Hindu Gods like Shiva and Vishnu whereas the internal lintels involve typically masterful religious art of Mahayana Buddhism. Though, it can be concluded that Phimai Sanctuary way built for the worship of both Mahayana Buddhism and Hinduism: one of the internal lintels represents Trilokayavichaya Buddhism who standing on Hindo Gods, Shiva and his wife, seems to mean that Buddhism becomes more significant than Hinduism. Two stone inscriptions encountered, the first mentions the name of King suriyavoraman I (1002-1050) while the second at the door frame of the Southern gallery describing the name of King Dharanidharavoraman I (1107-1113). These inscriptions of different periods also coincides with the characteristics of the artifacts found inside the main prang, therefore, the well-restored ruins of Phimai Sanctuary may have been built in between late 11th mid 12th centuries. The Phimai Historical Park opens every day from 7.30-18.00 hrs. Admission fee is 20 Baht per person.

Prasat Nang Ram
Prasat Nang Ram is located 79 kilometers far from town on the route No. 2 It can be reached by driving 62 kilometers to the crossroads of Ban Wat, then touring right along the highway No. 207 for 22 kms. To Ban Nang Ram and finally turning left with traveling further for 4 kilometers. Prasat Nang Ram was built in Khmer style during the 12th century to be a nursing place. The sanctuary consists of the main stupa an vihara surrounded by laterite walls. Outside the wall, there is a pond lined with stepped laterite. Far away 80 meters, surrounded by laterite walls and the U-shaped pond are other three stupas assumed to be the residence of medical men.

Khao Chan Ngam Cave
Khao Chan Ngam Cave is located a Ban Loet Sawat 58 kilometers a way from Nakhon Ratchasima on Highway No. 2 with 4 kilometers left turn at km. 198. The cave is famous for pre-historic color paintings.

Prang Ku
Prang Ku is located at Wat Ban Ku in Tambon Dan Tanin, 74 kms. Away from Nakhon Ratchasima. The ancient Khmer style spire of square-shape foundation piled up to the top with sandstone houses an earthen Buddha image.

Prang Sida
Prang Sida another Khmer ruin, is located at Tambon Sida, about 90 kms. From Nakhon Ratchasima.

Archaeological Site At Ban Prasat
Archaeological site at Ban Prasat is located at ban Prasat Tai, Mu 7, Tambon Than Prasat, Amphoe Non Sang, 45 kms. Far from Nakhon Ratchasima on the Nakhon Ratchasima-Phimai route with a 2 km. left turn. There are 2 excavating sites, each with 3 pits, with the following discoveries: At the depth of 3.50-4.50 meters, lie human skeletons and various kinds of artifact including an ancient weapon shaped like a discus made of white marble-like stone, huge animal bones, ornaments made of animal bones and shells, and an ancient axe-like weapon. The discoveries in this layer are believed to be of pre-historic period, about 3,000 years ago. At the depth of 2.30-3.0 meters, ancient bronze weapons such as a sharp lance-like weapon, stone beads of many strange colors, red and black painted pottery with incised decoration, as well as golden wrist and ankle bracelets believed to be of Dvaravati period (1,600-,800) years ago) have been unearthed. At the depth of 1.50-2.0 meters, the discoveries include a kiln and color glazed pottery of mixed Khmer and modern styles, containers similar to those of modern time, as well as swords and weapons like those of contemporary period. They can be dated back to at least 600 years ago up to now. According to an exploration by the Division of Archaeology back in 1977, Ban Prasat is an enclose site of an irregular shape with surrounding moat and mound measuring 700 x 450 meters. The area slopes southwards with its highest point rising some 4 meters from the surrounding rice fields. The site is believed to be an agricultural community of pre-historic period in the southern Northeast with its own typical civilization differing from that of Ban Chiang, Changwat Udon Thani, which dated back some 500-1,000 years younger.

Wat Na Phra That
Wat Na Phra That is located at Ban Takhu only 4 kilometers from the Pak Thong Chai district office on highway No. 2238. There is an old chapel in which beautiful mural paintings of the Early Rattanakosin period can be seen on the walls. The door of "Ho Trai" or the hall for keeping the scripture is also elaborately carved.

Prasat Pha Kho
Prasat Pha Kho is located at Tambon Krathok. From town take highway No. 224 for 29 kms., then take the highway No. 2071 for 3 kms. Prasat Pha Kho was built in the Bapuan Khmer style. The complex consists of two buildings with a ditch around them.

Muang Khorat
Muang Khorat an ancient town of Khmer period, is located some 32 kilometers southwest of Nakhon Ratchasima on the way to Amphoe Sung Noen with 3 kilometers right turn at Wat Yan Sophit Wanaram The ruins comprise Prasat Hin Non ku Prasat Hin Muang Khaek and Prasat Hin Muang Kao which have been already restored by the Fine Arts Department.

Muang Sema
Muang Sema is located at Tambon Sema, 4 kilometers away from Sung Noen Market. It is also the deserted town of oval shape, 1400 meters wide and 2,000 meters long, surrounded by laterite wall. A lot of artifacts were found in the excavation. These include an 11.7 meter long sandstone reclining Buddha Image in Wat Thammachak Semaram and pieces of ancient sema stones (that mark the sacred area of a Buddhist temple). It is believed that the town was built in Dvaravati period.

Wat Ban Rai
Wat Ban Rai is located at Tambon Kut Phiman. Take Mittraphap Rd. for 60 kms. To Dan Khun Thot, then take highway No. 2217 for 10 kms. Wat Ban Rai is a famous monastery where Luang Pho Khun Porisutho, the well know monk live.


How to Get There

By Air
Thai Airways operates daily flights to Nakhon Ratchasima. Call 280-0070, 280-0080 for further information.

By Bus
There are several buses both air and non air-conditioned leaving from the Northeastern Bus Terminal. Non air-conditioned buses leave every 15 minutes throughout 24 hrs., for further information tel: 272-5254, 272-5228 and air-conditioned buses leave every 20 minutes, throughout 24 hrs., tel. 2725253, 272-5299

Air-conditioned buses to the Northeast:

Bangkok to Nakhon Ratchasima
Fare (Baht) Distance (Kms.) Time (Hours.) Departure (Bangkok)




04.00-23.33 Every20 minutes

Nakhon Ratchasima to Bangkok
Fare (Baht) Distance (Kms.) Time (Hours.) Departure (Nakhon Ratchasima)
115.- 256 3.30

02.00-21.40 Every 20 minutes

By Car
Traveling by car from Bangkok to Nakhon Ratchasima is most convenient, and there are three alternative routes to choose depending on the starting point in Bangkok. Description of each route is as follow:

Traveling by car from Bangkok to Nakhon Ratchasima is most convenient, and there are three alternative routes to choose depending on the starting point in Bangkok. Description of each route is as follow:

First Route: Taking Highway No. 1 (Phahonyothin) passing Don Muang Airport, Wang Noi, till arriving Saraburi. At Saraburi, turn right along Highway No. 2 (Mittraphap Highway) which finally leads to Nakhon Ratchasima. The total distance of this route is 259 kilometers.

Second Route: This alternative route is a little longer in distance but interesting town and city passing is a worth compensation. The direction is along Highway No. 304 via Min Buri, Chachoengsao, Phanom Sarakham, Kabin Buri, Pak Thong Chai and finally Nakhon Ratchasima. The total distance is 273 kilometers.

Third Route: Taking Highway No. 305 passing Thanyaburi, Ongkharak to Nakhon Nayok. From Nakhon Nayok, take Highway No. 33 to Kabin Buri an turn left along Highway No. 304 passing Pak Thong Chai to Nakhon Ratchasima.

By Rail
Trains leave Bangkok Railway Station (Hua Lamphong) many times daily. For further information please call (02)-223-7010,(02) 223-7020.

Bangkok to Nakhon Ratchasima



Train (No.)



Bangkok-UbonRatchathani (971)
Bangkok-UbonRatchathani (211)
Bangkok-Udonthani (945)
Bangkok-Nakhon Ratchasima (211)
Bangkok-Surin (931)
Bangkok-Surin (213)
Bangkok-UbonRatchathani (63)
Bangkok-UbonRatchathani (39)
Bangkok-Udonthani (947)
Bangkok-UbonRatchathani (1)
Bangkok-Surin (933)
Bangkok-UbonRatchathani (51)
Bangkok-UbonRatchathani (65)

Nakhon Ratchasima to Bangkok

Departure Arrival Train (No.)

Udonthani-Bangkok (948)
UbonRatchathani-Bangkok (2)
Surin-Bangkok (214)
Surin-Bangkok (932)
Udonthani-Bangkok (946)
UbonRatchathani-Bangkok (32)
UbonRatchathani-Bangkok (64)
Nakhon Ratchasima-Bangkok (212)
UbonRatchathani-Bangkok (972)
UbonRatchathani-Bangkok (66)
UbonRatchathani-Bangkok (52)
Surin-Bangkok (934)
UbonRatchathani-Bangkok (40)



Festivals & Events

Thao Suranari Commamoration

The annual event is held from March 23 to April 2 to commemorate the victory of Thao Suranari, the heroine who saved Nakhon Ratchasima from in evaders in the Reign of King Rama III. Cultural displays, exhibitions and fireworks are the highlight.

Phimai Boat Races

These popular races take place on the Moon River near the old Khmer city of Phimai during the second week of November. Besides the regatta there will be competitions of boats decorated to resemble the famous Royal Barges, entertainments, and stalls selling local products.

Phimai Festival

This colorful event is held at the same time as the Phimai boat Races in Phimai historical Park.
Among the important activities are; the light and sound presentation; Buddhist, historical and cultural


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