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Introduction
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travel travel

Jinan, the 'City of Springs' is popular among tourists for its many springs.

Jinan, the capital of Shandong Province, is located in the mid west of Shandong.

What kind of city is Jinan? We can see from its various unique characteristics.

Jinan is a historical city with a history of some 2000 years and is famed for its numerous relics. It is the cradle of the Longshan Relics Culture, the reputed prehistoric culture of China and is found in Longshan Town of Jinan, hence the name. In the area of Jinan, you will find far more than you would expect, the ancient Great Wall of the Qi State (a state of the Zhou Dynasty (770B.C. – 221B.C.)), the colored sculptures of the Song Dynasty (960-1279) in the Lingyan Temple and so on.

Jinan is the home of Lu Cai (Shandong cuisine), a popular cuisine of China.

The unique tourist souvenirs available in Jinan include Ejiao, Black Pottery, Lu Embroidery and Wooden-Fish wares.

Jinan is the right place to see some very typical festivals including The Lantern Festival in the Baotu Spring Park, the Lotus Festival in the Daming Lake Park and the Double-Nine Festival on the Thousand-Buddha Mountain.

Jinan is a hospitable city and receives tourists from all over the world. Marco Polo once visited Jinan and left words of praise to this city. The Baotu Spring, Daming Lake and the Thousand Buddha Mountain decorate Jinan as a Garden City.

Compared with those capital cities, or other large and medium-size cities in China, Jinan has few advantages and lacks a metropolitan atmosphere, the highlight being its numerous springs. Some people say Jinan's glamour is not merely its enticing natural beauty, but more the warmth of the Jinan people. The beauty of nature is thin and weak, but the beauty that comes from people will last forever.

Facing the Yellow River to the north and bordering Mount Tai to the south, Ji'nan, the provincial capital of Shandong province, is located in the central west area of Shandong province. Lying in a basin surrounded by mountains, the city has a population of 5.49 million people. As the capital of Shandong Province, Ji'nan is the main transit point for travelers to all points of Shandong and beyond and most travelers in the province inevitably find themselves holed up here for a night or two.

With a long history, Ji'nan is considered most famous for its proximity to Longshan town, some 30 kilometers to the east. The Longshan people, one of China's prehistoric cultures, are noted for their production of black ceramic pottery dating back more than 4,000 years. During the Warring States Period, 2,600 years ago, Ji'nan was also a key frontier stronghold of the Qi State.

Embraced in the arms of Mount Tai and the Yellow River, Ji'nan is transitionally located between a zone of upland and plain, giving it a variety of natural resources and beauty. It is also commonly known as"the spring city" due to its profusion of natural springs. Most of the sights within the city itself, however, are a little uninspiring, as are the springs themselves. But a walk around the many city parks or a visit to the Thousand Buddha Mountain in the south can be a nice way to spend the day.

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History
history history

Jinan has been recognized by the State Council of China as a worthy cultural-historic city. The ancient site on which Jinan was erected was probably settled as early as the Shang Dynasty, 9,000 years ago. From its location, south of the ancient Ji Waters, comes Jinan's name, literally meaning South of Ji. Jinan slowly developed during the Zhou Dynasty; by the Jin Dynasty, Buddhism began to flourish in the area, and various temples were erected making Jinan the religious center of Shandong at the time. During the Northern Song Dynasty, Jinan became a prefecture and was called "The nation of literature and the place of wealth." Jinan being one of the biggest tax-collecting zones in the kingdom.

Jinan was home to China's oldest trademark bronze plate. This shows the fast industrial and commercial development in Jinan at the time. The "Two An's of Jinan" created a lot of famous poetry and literature during this period, and became famous representatives of China's literary elite. The city continued to develop throughout the Ming and Qing Dynasties, becoming one of the most important trading centers in its region of China by the late Qing.

Industrial development thrived before the Japanese Invasion of China in 1933, during the times of the Republic. The city was damaged during World War II and was later rebuilt to a large extent. Since Deng Xiaoping's reforms, Jinan has strived to develop into a modern metropolis. Trade has opened up and Jinan's former industrial strengths have resurfaced.

Jinan is an essential birthplace of the civilization in China. Shun, a chieftain of the pristine tribe was born and lived around Jinan. Chengzi Cliff in eastern Jinan is the place where Longshan Civilization (4600—4000 years ago) of the late Neolithic Age was found with the basalt as its symbol. At this site, about 200,000 square meters of China’s oldest city relics was discovered. Jinan has a history of more than 2600 years. When the Shire and County System was established by the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, Jinan belonged to Jibei Shire. At the beginning of the Han Dynasty, Jinan Shire was founded. Consequently, Jinan got its name. Since the Ming and the Qing dynasties, Jinan has been the capital of Shandong Province. The city of Jinan was set up in July, 1929.

There are many historic sites in Jinan such as Shungeng Mountain which is the ruin of the Shun Civilization (22nd century B.C.); the Qi Great Wall (built in the 3rd century B.C) which is even older than the Qin Great Wall; China’s oldest ground structure----the stone ancestral temple of Xiaotangshan Guoshi of the Han Dynasty (built in the 1st century B.C); China’s oldest stone pagoda—Liubu Four-Door Pagoda of the Sui Dynasty (built in the 7th century); the colorful sculptures at Lingyan Temple of the Song Dynasty ( built in the 11th century) which are praised as the “Best Sculptures in China”.

Jinan is also the home to many celebrities such as Bianque, founder of the Chinese traditional medicine science; Fang Xuanling and Qin Qiong, men of great merit in founding the Tang Dynasty (618-907); well—known litterateurs such as Li Qingzhao and Xin Qiji. In addition, outstanding scholars such as Li Bai, Du Fu, Su Shi, Zeng Gong also lived in or visited Jinan in the past. As a result, it comes to an agreement that “there are many celebrities in Jinan”.

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Best Time to Visit

Not very even that precipitation is distributed every month in Jinan, August and July account for the 54 percent of the whole year, there are little in other monthly precipitation. From Spring to winter, Jinan temperature rise quickly, January of winter temperature on average only- 1.7 degrees, April has already been up to 15.1 degrees Jinan temperature on average is 27.6 C in July, Day high temperature exceed 35 degree' chance less than 10 days on average most. Autumn to summer, the temperature drops, August to October nearly drops at 5 to 6 degrees to every month, the temperature on average has already been dropped to 15.8 degrees in October, it is slightly higher than spring April.

Compared with nearby area the temperature in winter of Jinan, generally partial and warm. The main form of precipitation is to snow in winter, about 10 days are snowy day in whole winter, distributed from the first ten days of November to the first ten days of April of next year. Visit Jinan, can spring visit the Tibao spring, visit the snow scenes of Daming Lake in winter. But it is hot in cold summer of winter in Jinan, the sand blown by the wind is big in spring, best travel time is autumn.

Rainfall varies greatly from month to month in Ji'nan, with the total amount in July and August, 214 millimeters and 147.9 millimeters respectively, accounting for 54 per cent of the year's total. This is clearly the best time to visit the often drought affected springs.

The temperature rises rapidly between winter and spring here, from an average temperature of minus 1.7 degrees C in January to 15.1 degrees C in April. The average temperature for July is 27.6 degrees C, with no more than 10 days above 35 degrees C. It gets cooler in autumn and the temperature continues to fall, reaching a temperature of around 4 degrees C in January.

Compared with the surrounding area,winter in Ji'nan is relatively warm, the main form of precipitation being snow. From November to April, there are about 10 snowy days each year.

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Food
food food
food food

Jinan is an old city, located in the communications centre in the north and south, the commerce is developed, the folk custom stresses the diet. Abundant produce is the affluent condition of forming the unique flavor. Jinan dish is fine and smooth for to make, pay attention to cutting and slicing skill, duration and degree of heating, flavour, color, smell, taste and shape in the cooked food have a strict requirement. Having gone through the long development course, the variety of the Jinan cuisine reaches more than a thousand kinds, add the local delicacies, the quantity affords a magnificent spectacle.

Now, Jinan dish is affect by other local dishes and people requirement that taste change, some changes have all taken place from the cuisine, raw materials, taste. Say overallly, the dish is becoming more meticulous, it is more extensive to select materials, have more various tastes becoming, cooked food renewal speed accelerate constantly, new name or description product emerge day by day.

The introduces of some special features snack

Sweet and sour carp

Mother river of Chinese nation --Yellow river flows through Jinan, the carps produced in the river --The Yellow River carp is also called the carp of Longmen. Its body is fat, the body color is gorgeous, meat smell is pure, tender and luxuriant, it is a treasure in the numerous carps assortment. Preparation method preliminary working fine carp, two sides play more than one hundred leaf spend knife, salt pickle, hang up wet starch paste, enter fried to and bow-shaped a little, take out, wave in plate fish, water with white sugar, vinegar, soy sauce, clear soup, the powder of onion, the powder of ginger, the powder of garlic, wet starch, peanut oil fry make and candy vinegar that succeed, soft, sour and sweet and a little salty in burnt outside behind the entry, the garlic is fragrant and strong. In addition, according to the traditional habit, after eating up the fish, also can make fish head and additional juice one bowl " bungle fish soup ", this soup sour is sweet fragrant, moisten the intestines tastily and refreshingly.

Chinese unicorn's mandarin fish

Chinese unicorn is one animal of ancient China of legend, form like deer, hair there are angles, have scale and shell all over, Have tail. The ancient symbolizes auspiciously and auspiciously with this animal. Because this dish is similar to the Chinese unicorn, thus gain the name. The mandarin fish is one of five major famous and precious fish of unsalty water, the burr is few, the meat takes the form of garlic clove, the texture is delicate, taste delicious. Chinese medicine think smell is sweet and flat, have enrich air blood, benefit efficiency of spleen and stomach, can for cure timid consumptive disease Ying tight, intestines wind rush down blood disease.

The key of this Dish lie in cutting and slicing skill deal with, mandarin fish, snake butter, bamboo shoots, egg skin, ham, sponge cake form of processing into (the Chinese unicorn ), entered the cage and steamed with clear soup, refined salt, south wine, spring onions, ginger, gourmet powder, lard. Finished meat is extremely tender, color is pretty and dazzling, the model is lifelike, it is bright to explain purpose.

Jinan Roast Duck

Jinan Roast Duck, history is long. The raw materials that the roast duck uses are the force-feed duck, the figure is plump, meat is delicate, the lower fat of skin is relatively thick. The making craft of the roast duck is very complicated and exquisite, roast duck embryo after preliminary working need, inflate, pay thorax, wash thorax, get in touch, iron skin, hang candy, shine skin, pour water, many dishes of process of roasting etc., last 1 to 3 day (up to season different and different). The finished color and luster is red and bright, the fragile meat of cover is tender. The indispensable product is lotus-leaf pancake (duck's cake), sweet sauce, shallot section to eat the roast duck, can also mix with the cucumber one , turnip one ,etc.

Lake dish chicken nugget

Lake dish mean old times Jinan wild rice stem, Pucai, white lotus root, lotus seeds, pale lotus Daming Lake produce. The wild rice stem is a tender stem of water sound plant wild rice, its texture is tender and fragile, nutritious. Pucai is a tender bud of the cattail, it is similar to water chestnut, its flavor is like the bamboo shoot. also call the lotus. Its stem (lotus root), fruit (lotus seeds ), flower (the lotus ), the leaf (lotus leaf ) occupy very important position in the Jinan dish. The lotus root has seven holes, the white meat is sweet. Lotus seeds, lotus produce in the room, go skin its edible. Lake dish chicken nugget incorporate famous vegetables in Daming Lake into an organic whole, mix chicken breast meat with, mix with refined salt , soy sauce, spring onions pepper continue wine, gourmet powder, spring onions, ginger, garlic ,etc. flavour, the plot is novel, making is meticulous, tender and delightful, it is not oiliness to be fragrant, it is seasonal and very strong famous meat and fish dishes.

The sauted chicken cubes with chilli and peanuts

The sauted chicken cubes with chilli and peanuts is fried chicken with mushrooms, are famous for exploding and frying marvellous quick and crisply and tenderly. It is said the key to make this dish is three: There is much oil, the fire is prosperous, wrapped up in one layer and pasted outside the diced chicken. Because chicken wrap up, behind the one starch, add prosperous kerosene to fry, can soon wipe the meat will be tender, this method called "explode to fry", It is one of important cooking method in Shandong dish, so, call this dish now "Kung-pao chicken".

This dish is the main material with the chicken breast meat, mix with peanut kernel, chilli, flavour with white sugar, salt, soy sauce, spring onions, ginger, garlic, south wine, gourmet powder, etc., fried it through exploding. The finished color and luster is red and bright, the diced chicken is delicate, the peanut kernel is crisp, salty and fresh and peppery, going well with wine should go with rice.

food food
food food

Chrysanthemum hot pot

The chrysanthemum is a local product of our country, bloom before and after the Chung Yeung Festival. Medical to can break up wind clear away heat, it is flat for liver to make eyes bright, detoxify and subside swelling etc.. The chrysanthemum enters the meat and fish dishes, can cook many kinds of dishes, drinks . Chrysanthemum hot pot, The method to light the hot pot, add the soup-stock, can rinse, familiar with salting good main material down open, dip in, take the powder such as peanut kernel, mustard greens, fragrant-flowered garlic, ground pepper, the powder such as hot pickled mustard tuber, garlic sprout, the soy preserved ginger is made at the end Have a meal, put white chrysanthemum, spinach, fry Shan, etc. well-done to eat it, can boil boiled meat dumpling, noodles ,etc..

The Jiuzhuan large intestine

It was Qing Dynasty is initiated by Jiuhualou in the period of Guangxu years. It is said, the shopkeeper entertain guests at a banquet, cooked this dish originally, guests praise after having a trial test: The Taoist is good at making pills of immortality, have names of Jizhuan the elixir of life, this delicacy of the food, can match in excellence or beauty with elixir of life, so called the Jiuzhuan large intestine. From then on, the Jiuzhuan large intestine become famous dish. Cook this dish, it is ruthless that the cook wants unloading, the whole materials, there should be famous and precious traditional Chinese medicine in the condiment. After being burnt precisly, the large intestine is ruddy and bright, fertile but not oiliness. Let go and have the coriander one again above and assail the nostrils fragrantly, rich and enjoying endless aftertastes.

The soup is exploded pair fragily

The soup has already to explode pair fragily had a history of more than 100 years, this dish is the main material with the pork tripe and chicken's gizzard, cooked with the clear soup. The head chicken's gizzard of finished belly is crisp and tender, the soup is clear and delicious. Because main material overweight fragile in being tender at the food, thus gain the name of "whether pair fragile". >>Milk soup dish Pu Milk soup dish Pu made in Daming Lake of one texture tender, color and luster pure white, taste clear fresh dish Pu the main material with Jinan, furnished with tongue cauliflower, snake butter, cooked with the milk soup. Milk mellow for soup to taste, pure white, dish Pu crisp and tender, have always praised as the first soup dish in Jinan by people.

A silk cake of edible vegetable oil

Edible vegetable oil records of silk cake call "edible vegetable oil", as to lard, bake with peanut oil. "a silk" is a model characteristic of this cake. It is a kind of meticulous pieces of food developed with the foundation of the hand-pulled noodles. Stretch piece to detailed to such as the silver silk, up to over thousands of superfine silks, record become round cake shape, put oil half fry half bake, make them wipe. Then, draw the cake scattered while mentioning and break up in sale at reduced prices, spread blue and green red silk, white sugar. Tender in burnt outside a silk cake, the gold silk is genneral, sweet and delightful, it is the good merchantable brand pastry on the feast.

The oil fastened

The oil fastened is for the traditional meticulous flavor in Jinan. Because it similar to spiral, surface moist and golden yellow, thus come the name of oil fasten. Its color and luster is golden yellow, the crust is crisp, how fluffy layer is, interior flesh tender, spring onions fragrant nose and match with Hunton, the flavor to be good completely.

Lightly fried dumpling

Lightly fried dumpling is one fry filling little food that bake, skilfully manufactured, taste exquisite, regard pork filling as the common, mix with different fresh vegetables according to season. It is generally half and half a filling while wrapping up and making, take the form of crescent moon. The bottom surface of lightly fried dumpling is dark yellow, crisp, soft and soggy and tough, filling smell is fragrant and beautiful.

Steamed dumpling

"pork steamed dumpling" because keeps throwing the material standard strictly, making is meticulous, the steamed stuffed bun coming out of steamer newly, not out of shape, does not fall down, there is much although oil, fragrant but not oiliness.

The crisp thin pancake of candy

The main raw materials of crisp thin pancake of candy are the millet. Because of spices that is put being different, taste is different, there are different taste such as peanut, chestnut, spinach bamboo basket, banana, peppermint, rose. Its characteristic, it is not oiliness to be thin and crisp, fragrant and sweet, the color and luster is golden yellow, numerous in variety, nutritious, easy to digest.

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Boiled meat dumpling

The boiled meat dumpling is the traditional festival food. Dumpling is one filling make food, boiled to ripe with water, so the one that have claims of "water pastry". Dip in sesame oil vinegar juice at the food after being ripe, go with garlic petals of food it, delicious table delicacies of Jinan. The dumpling has difference of meat and vegetables with the filling material, the meat or fish filling is three kinds of delicacies, fish's filling, chicken, pork, beef and mutton ,etc.; The plain filling has the leaving of all plain fillings and half a plain filling . Want, add some the end such as ginger such as spring onions, sesame oil, Chinese prickly ash ink, gourmet powder, etc. Flavoring agent while modulating the filling material, the plain filling must be with the five-spice powder. Make face skin, and cold water dough, put pharmaceutical, roll skin, make filling shaping. After dumpling wrap, water boil, cook, boil to ripe to pass through the cold water, dumpling wrapper tender gentle strength dish after being so ripe, filling bad smell is delicious.

Bloom steamed bun

Bloom steamed bun, have another name called silver to be satisfactory. The color is soft and soft, fragrant and sweet and delicious in vain, carry four flowers, and petals of color pink, natural pretty, become traditional wheaten food variety of Jinan. It make craft to be quite strict, piece need, pass two ferment become reconciled, seal water rub even rubing completely in addition, and need to steam for 20 minutes with the fire while steaming. Because the one that make blooms the steamed bun colour, fragrance and taste, shape are all good, the traditional properties are dense and very popular.

Spring pancake

It is not only beginning in spring but also a beginning in the new year at the Beginning of spring. Of our country countryside of all parts to congratulate with various forms, earnestly hope, there are good harvests one year. Taste spring and regard eating spring pancake, spring roll and Spring plate as the characteristic, every household all eat spring pancake, spring noodles,etc.. This is called "grip spring". The spring pancake materials are simple, every household all can do it. Knead dough with boiling water, the cake delightful after ripe, able to bear, chew, not gentle and fragrant, can eat with vegetable. The old people in Jinan like frying mung bean sprouts, bean vermicelli, ham silk, hotbed chives, egg silk, etc. together, eat with spring pancake.

Five-kernel bun

Sweet and aromatic, the color and luster is pure white, handsome in appearance, have higher nutritive value, it is one of the characteristic flavor millet cakes in Jinan area. It peel and press with shelled peanut, sesame benevolence, walnut-meat, almond, melon seed benevolence into a garrulous man after being fried familiarly, add red date, sweet-scented osmanthus sauce, money crisp material powder, etc. , add white sugar modulate finally.

Shepherd's purse spring roll

Making spring roll roughly has three steps: First , make covers; Second , make filling; Third, bomb to be ripe. It is a special technology to make the cover. The method is make extremely soft dough, the right hand catches the dough, the left hand holds and brushes the net hot spoon, hold dough in hand bottom turn around in spoon, that is one thin cake skin, take advantage of a situation to take off, do again second thereupon, wrap up the ripe filling which fry to ripe before. Fetch filling, put it in the middle of cover, roll up upwards cling and seal with the light batter. Pan cook until 70% hot with peanut oil, put enter spring roll, fry to golden yellow.

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Shopping
shopping shopping shopping

The famous handicraft in Jinan is as follows: Magnetic rust, black pottery, wooden fish stone, dough model, feather picture, silk flower ,etc.; The local and special products are as follows: bright lake lotus root, flat overcast donkey-hide gelatin, north garden dish Pu, big goods mountain check, walnut, Mount Tai little white pear,etc.. Among them, flat overcast donkey-hide gelatin is a famous and precious traditional Chinese medicine, the price ranges from dozens of yuan to several hundred yuan, as far as quality of quality are concerned.

Donkey-hide gelatin

Donkey-hide gelatin gains the name because produced in the former east county town of A (the east A town of Pingyin county now ), special-purpose black donkey's skin and local gifted natural water quality --Wolf small stream river endure to make, have a history of 2,000 years. Li ShiZhen calls donkey-hide gelatin on " Compendium of Materia Medica ". Called as traditional Chinese medicine Triratna jointly with ginseng, pilose antler. Glue sweet to enter three overcast to pass, can treat wind tonify deficiency, stop drag moisturize, man woman key medicine, blood of disease while being nonpoisonous while being flat. There are six major dosage forms such as glue pharmaceutical, unguentum, medicine taken with water, oral liquid, capsule pharmaceutical, tablet, more than 30 varieties, are health products, donkey-hide gelatin food, etc..

Flat overcast rose

It is start to plant in the Tang Dynasty, that was more than 1300 years ago, have a long history of Plant history, and because the big flower and Petal is thick, the gaudy flavor of color is dense, quality is excellent and well-known at home and abroad. The use of the flat overcast rose is very extensive, the rose can be used in trades such as food, medicine, chemical industry ,etc., can make rose sauce, make the rose wine, can also draw the precise oil of rose. Rose do bud can use as traditional Chinese medicine, have waking up strongly fragrant to solve the spleen, the efficiency of restoring menstrual flow and invigorating blood circulation, have specially good effect in treating disease of the cardiovascular vessel. Produce in Pingyin rose town in the overcast county, the rose sauce is the main products.

The fragrant rice of bright water

Bright water fragrant rice produce in one hundred pulse spring hair of spring near the bright water town inkslab village, have a history of 2000 years already, regard as tribute rice stock, offer to emperor since Ming Dynasty. It is Well-known in China and foreign countries for strong perfume.

Longshan millet

The “Longshan millet” is famous product of Zhangqiu, is one of the four major tribute rice in the whole country in history. According to legend, have Longshan millet when have “Longshan culture”. Have paid tribute to the emperor since Qianlong Year of Qing Dynasty. The “Longshan millet” nutrition is very abundant, according to testing, it include fat 5. 26 percent, it is higher by 2 percent than other millet; Includes protein 10 percent; The content of vitamin A, Vitamin B1 and riboflavin exceeds other millet. The Longshan millet concentrates on being produced in dragon's mountain village in 5 kilometers, it is all the spring sowing of dry land, not watering, does not construct the chemical fertilize , the multi-purpose peasant family is fertile with the cake fertilizer, it is a kind of environment-friendly food.

"beautiful and bright pink" apple

This good quantity apple, fostered by beautiful water village of bright, thus came the name of “beautiful and bright pink”, its characteristic was: The color and luster is crimson, perfume is strong; The sugariness is up to 21 percent; The thick meat of cover is fragile, easy to store, able to bear transporting; Have a good adaptability, not rotten; Adapt to dense planting, the output is high. Appraised by the Chinese fruit research institute, quality is higher than the “Fuji apple” of Japan.

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Sightseeing
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A thousand Buddhism mountains

A thousand Buddhism mountains lie in the south of urban area of Jinan, 258 meters above the sea level, is one of three major scenic spots in Jinan. Sui turn on the dynasty, dig the cave in accordance with the mountain, carve many one of statue of Buddha, build "a thousand Buddhists temple", have the title of a thousand Buddhism mountains gradually. In the period of Zhengguan for Tang, renovated again, "a thousand Buddhists temple" are changed into "the Buddhist temple made the country prosperous". From Yuan Dynasty, "March three", the "nine nine "Chung Yeung Festival hold by temple fair. And then met with the flames of war, was destroyed, rebuilt in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

A thousand Buddhism mountains, like the line in east and north, the scenery is beautiful, numerous in the scenic spot. There are a three roads to mountaineering in the north of the mountain, sinuous circle, the passageway of pine and cypress, it is covered dense day. the Buddhist temple made the country prosperous occupy a thousand Buddha mountain hill-side, have Mahavira Temple, Goddess of Mercy hall, fill and rein in the hall inside, to the pavilion of China. Qianfo Cliff of southern side, there was Sui to open more than 130 statues of Buddha in the period of the emperor, on the cliff, from west to east, have dragon spring hole, happy hole, Qianlou hole, Lvzu hole. The lishan institute in the east of the Buddhist temple of making the country prosperous, Is a big courtyard of the Confucian, the Taoism, the Buddha Confucianism, gathers.

There is Shun shrine, the shrine of Luban, Wenchang pavilion, have a guide look of the pavilion inside. There are ten thousand Buddhism holes incorporating four major rock caves into an organic whole at a thousand Buddha mountain northern foot. Visitors come here, can look forward to prepossessing appearance of statue in Northern Wei Dynasty, Tang and Song Dynasty. In addition, Here scattered "Tang Huai pavilion", "neat 9 o'clock of Qiyan", "cloud is imprisoned by the deep meditation" the ancient workshop scenic spots,etc.. In recent years, there is tremendous development in a thousand Buddha mountain park, it add by garden peach blossom successively, cableway, Yingfang garden, the strange slide ways, the eighteen disciples of Buddhas, sleeping Buddhas, golf courses, stone garden , theatre, waterfall , the picture of stone of the Shun garden etc..

Become a long history, the scenery is beautiful, the large-scale tourist attraction featuring of Shun's culture and Buddhism culture. A thousand Buddha mountain the people are simple, honest and unspoiled, every "nine and nine " Chung Yeung Festival hold mountain meeting, the custom follow several dynasty already, still exist so far. When the time comes, the trade companies all come to carry on economic and trade activity, local various local and special products, for instance hawthorn, persimmon, peanut ,etc. all go on the market too, the scene is warm.

Baotu spring

Baotu spring location the first place of "72 famous spring" in Jinan, it is known as "the first spring of world", lie before the Lile hall of Tubao spring garden of Jinan, it is one of three major scenic spots of Jinan. It is seen first in the famous spring of Jinan of the ancient literature. Near in terms of textual research of expert, Baotu spring recorded history, can trace back until the Shang Dynasty of our country, as long as 3543 years so far. It is the source of the ancient Luo's water. In long historical years, it called Li , Li water, Eyin water, Kan spring, waterfall, flow spring , three-strand ink,etc. successively, it is called the Baotu spring since Northern Song Dynasty in the period of Xining.

The water of Baotu spring is out from underground limestone and cave with stalactites and stalagmites, it largest mount of water reach 240,000 square meter per day, three cave erupt simultaneously, spray flash, like latent thunder of, the tendency is noisy and confused, the clear spring gushes around day and night, water is so clear that you can see to the bottom, the swim fish are denumerable. Clear alcohol of water quality is sweet and cold, fungus content is extremely low, is the ideal natural drinking water.

Every severe winter, the steam boils, like the light silk mistily. Draw in the cloister around the spring, various flowers and different wood are thriving, forming the peculiar flower garden in the garden. The scenic spots and historical sites around Baotu spring is counted very much, especially with Leyuan hall, shrine of Eyin, Wanghe pavilion, Guanlan pavilion, Sahngzhi hall, Liqingzhao memorial hall, Cang garden, white snow building, ten thousand bamboo plantation, Likushan memorial museum, Wang XueTao memorial museum,etc.

Every dynasties famous cultural talent such as ZengGong, SuShi, YUanhaowen, ZhaoMengyao, Zhangyanghao, Wangshouren, Wangshizhen, Pusongling, hezhaoji, Guomoruo, etc., praise the spots and historical sites around the Baotu spring, make the cultural inside information Baotu spring is deeper, become the famous tourist attraction in the country.

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Daming Lake

Daming Lake lie the centre of Jinan urban area, north of old urban area, with Baotu spring, a thousand Buddha mountain are claimed 3 scenic spots of Jinan. Jinan is known as "Spring City", there are springs over one hundred places, 72 places of famous spring among them. The bright lake is a natural lake formed after all spring converge. The spring was flowed into by the south bank, was built in the north water valve on the north bank and flowed out since Song Dynasty when water is full, formed by waterproof igenous rock in the lakebed, therefore " the permanent rain does not rise, do not dry up long and on land " in the lake water, mystery ecological naturally that has "snake disappears , the frog does not chirp".

Daming Lake lies in the old urban area of Jinan inside now, the area of the park is 86 hectares, 46 hectares of lake surfaces, keep more regular water level throughout the year. The area of the park is 86 hectares, 46 hectares of lake surfaces among them, depth of water is average 2 meters. Lake have Lixia pavilion, remit spring hall, island in the center of the water and so on 6 islands, the natural landscape of the park is beautiful and pleasant. The glistening light of waves of lake water is clear , the fish dive that the kite flies, the pleasure-boat walks.

Many lotuses all over growing from ancient times in Daming Lake, the lakeside weeping willow is in accordance with depending on, the flowers and trees are luxuriant and well-spaced, "three pieces of willow of lotus on four sides, lake of half a city of color of mountain of a city" is the best portrayal of her scenery. Human cultural sight of park very abundant, Lixia pavilion, iron common shrine, Nnanfeng shrine, Arctic temple,etc. 30 over scenic spots and historical sites set off on green tree among the flowers, show long history and culture. Daming Lake is a natural lake, see all characters written in " water was by the note " in a line of Lidaoyuan in Northern Wei Dynasty more than 1400 years ago first, famous lotuslake when Sui and Tang dynasties, Liashui waves, When Song dynasty has been called the West Lake, start to be called Daming Lake in Jin and Yuan dynasty.

Weishan mountain the clay figures of warriors and horses

Weishan mountain the clay figures of warriors and horses unearthed Weishan mountain at the scenic spot half way up the mountain south of Jinan Zhangqiu city government, it is the first intact pit for the person buried alive with the dead of clay figures of warriors and horses where Shandong area finds at present, "It is our country discovered continue The Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses of Qin , Yangjiawa of Xianyang in Shanxi the clay figures of warriors and horses, hole of terra-cotta figure of horse of the third common soldier".

It is a pit for the person buried alive with the dead of clay figures of warriors and horses in Han Dynasty to endanger the hole of clay figures of warriors and horses of mountain. The hole is 9.7 meters long, 1.9 meters wide, about 70 centimetres deep. More than 100 paint-coated clay figures of warriors and horses are excavated together in the hole. The permutation of burst of clay figures of warriors and horses was laid according to noble's system buried with the dead of Han Dynasty, former team was cavalryman's formation, a motorcade, infantry's formation in the back in the middle part.

Cavalryman formation every row five people, amount to about 30 people, ride a horse pottery figurine have an imposing appearance, vivid, horse terra-cotta figure crimson, outline clearly demarcated robust and effective, there is formation of escorting around. Ears and tail of horse figures are not connects with an organic whole with button of horse, insert from head of the horse and horse aperture of buttocks respectively, horse ear and horse hair may shake freely. Middle part make up by three motorcade that carriage, preceding two are car team of four horses, by four being tall and strong horse to pull cart, origin of archaism "a word from the princely man, team of four horses difficult to chase"; It is Yao's car of shafts to be following.

It is introduced, the carriage component in entrap is very complete, from dimension to the greater one of structure in the pottery car in Han Dynasty when has already found at present, have very important research value. The back of the Terra-cotta figure is infantry formation, infantry terra-cotta figure slightly little than cavalryman, hold shields, majestic-looking, hand and shield are inserted, can move about. According to the incomplete statistics, about 80 infantry's terra-cotta figures. Among utensil that excavate, have one side print getting Lv drum and two sides tabor of pattern. It is introduced, the manufacturing approaches of horse figure and people's terra-cotta figure are the mould system, the specific component is the plug-in package, the production technique is relatively high.

LiQingzhao the memorial museum

LiQingzhao the memorial museum lie in the north of Suyu spring in Baotu spring garden, It is one courtyard of national style in the park, the north of the seat is towards the south, there are main room, side room, stream pavilion, green and high and song corridor ,etc., the pine is dark green in the courtyard, bamboos to set off, the bajiao banana is tall and straight, the current of spring traverses . The main entrance is that a hook puts up an hiproof type arch over a gate of canopy in succession, encloses the corridor through half, the tracery wall links to each other with the main room through the windows. The main room is the grow type building of sets of brackets on top of the columns of the style in a Song Dynasty. The building and institute's internal environment, the scenery is coordinated very much, seem sincere, simple and elegant, peaceful, reflect woman clear identity, makings, poise, taste that of Liqingzhao, people of word, appropriately.

The valley of the maple leaf

Maple leaf valley ecology cultural tourist zone lie in southern mountain area, plan to cover an area of 266.667 hectares, the first stage of the project is built up, have already built up six one kind of gardens specially, maple leaf valley ecology cultural tourist zone become various plants vie with each other for glamour already, the birds survive freely, mountains and rivers contrast finely with each other ecological collection sightseeing, lie fallow, popular science, amusement, award maple leaf mean the integrative southern new scenic spot of mountain area that environmental protection regard as equally important.

The wild animal world of Jinan

The wild animal world of Jinan is located in the national-level forest in Liubu town, cover an area is 666.667 hectares. The wild animal world of Jinan assigned to in order to visit the sight-seeing area on foot, forest recreation section, herbivore district, area of prey beast, comprehensive service area and animal raise the centre six major areas, put more than 150 kinds of animals of various kinds in a suitable place to breed, more than 10000, the tour is always about 12 -km-long in the garden, have 10000 meters of animals isolate network, it is largest scale in domestic, rustic charm most strong forest wild animal kingdom at present, can be rated as first-classly in Asia.

The zoo divide into Asia district, Europe district, Africa district, America district; Subdivide, have monkey forest, kangaroo forest, peacock forest, song bird valley, aquatic bird hall, ecological hall,etc. for visitors to view and admire; There are Chinese sweet gum forest view district, wild flowers area in the plant appreciation area. Visitor after watching beast Cursores fly to, flowers and plants, can also get China national conditions and customs garden, savour China's national folkways, get to the Thai national conditions and customs garden, Japanese teahouse, savour the conditions and customs of foreign lands. Have sea lion's hall, song bird valley, ecological wonder, kangaroo's garden, natatorial bird lake, elephant's hall, crocodile gulf beauty spot over one hundred office in the garden, especially represent the natural deep and serene, ecological magnificence.

Also have high-standard Yunding the restaurant, amusement city, parking area in the garden, and the fast food restaurant, gift shop, combine animal's popular science, landscape art, amusement and leisure together, enable visitors to view and admire the rare birds and animals from all parts of the world, experience the primitive naturally fabulous, can also have a taste of the conditions and customs of foreign lands, enjoy the modernized service.

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Lingyan Monastery

Lingyan Monastery first builds in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, revitalizes it in Northern Wei Dynasty, developed in Tang and Song Dynasty, It is the first of ancient Monastery of the country. The tourist zone of Lingyan Monastery that lies within the boundaries of ten thousand morality towns in the Changqing county of Jinan, 8 kilometers from national road 104, abut Jinan in the north and border on Mount Tai in the south, are national-level scenic spot and Buddhism Holy Land, the whole area is about 500,000 sq. km., well-known with its long religious history and deep cultural inside information, statement that have "not to visit the Lingyan when visit the Tai mountain, it is not the travelling".

Lingyan Monastery ridges and peaks wonderful and elegant, scene charming, by scenery deep and serene, spring stone pretty to world-famous for. The temple is surrounded by hills around, abstruse and deep and remote and remote. It rub at temple carry loose, a thousand years wingceltis, hectolitre bright, "last dawn spring mirror", "accumulate mesa green", "snow fine at the hole bright",etc. is wonderful scenery the very interesting The ancient wood is dark green in the temple, the spectacular rocky peak stands in great numbers, the hall is lofty and steep. Efficacious hole song ravine, blue and green peak green hill around being ancient to stop precise to give up, form a gorgeous picture scroll.

The famous scenic spot has a thousand halls of the temple, tower forest of the tomb, Bizhi tower, Mahavira Temple. Among them the most fascinating one is the colored clay sculpture arhat in 40 Song Dynasties in a thousand halls of the temple, always praise without cease for visitors and the experts, LiangQichao is exceeded and called "the first place is moulded through the country"; The maestro Liu HaiSu has "efficacious rock names are moulded, peerless, vivid and substantial, vivid", in addition, the beautiful and moving legend mostly spreads in many scenic spots and historical sites, The ornamental relief of "last half a Buddhist nunnery rubs and reins in Fu" "lotus flower of hell", reflect A educates the king's political life.

The square of Spring City

The square of Spring City lies in the centre of urban area, is the square in the center of Jinan. Square border on in the west Baoto spring, the south look at a thousand Buddhism mountains, the north to the protect city river, concentrate on representing the outline line of the city to visitors, can embody a concentrated reflection of several characteristic large beauty spots in Spring City to include in the square vision most. Mainly have Baoto spring square from west to east, famous intellectual circles of Jinan, the spring marks the square, sinking square, keep fit day garden and virgin paradise, bank river square, four season garden, lotus music fountain, culture long corridor, popular science cultural center, Ginza shopping square,etc. to make up. Characteristic of Spring City embodied a concentrated reflection of "the mountain, spring, lake, city , river" on square of Spring City.

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Entertainment
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In Jinan, you can swim delightedly, plays comfortably. Stimulate novelly here, fascinating modern recreational facilities can be found everywhere, seen everywhere. Every amusement federation spreading over the whole city, night club, romantic and colourful, flourishing noise and excitement.

Under introduced some recreation places

Names The position
The amusement of musical sound food and beverage in the East of Jinan The east culture road No. 55 of Jinan
The amusement city of golden times  
The pottery art of Nintaus  
The club of association of dealers of money source of Shandong No. 339 Longitude 10 Road of Jianan
Shandong Beijing opera institute Lishan road No. 36-2 in Jinan
The modern drama institute of Shandong The liberate road No. 115 in Jinan
The theater of Shandong The west culture road No. 117 of Jinan
The theater of Shandong song and dance Jinan culture west road No. 123
The Laishan theater Jinan Lishan mountain road No. 112
Masses' theater Jinan Longitude 7 road No. 855
The theater of vast sky Jinan two seven residential district south road No.8
Ginza dynamic cinema

In Jinan, you can have a very relaxing time. Although the nightlife in Jinan is not well developed, it is still a way for people to relax and make friends after a hard days work.

According to a recent survey, Jinan's nightlife is made up of four basic types. They are the Square Nightlife, based around Quancheng Square, Food Nightlife, focused on the roadside stands and outdoor BBQs, Shopping Nightlife, based in department stores, supermarkets and the markets, and Recreational Nightlife in clubs and dance halls.

With the development of the Jinan economy, karaoke clubs, pubs, bars and coffee shops have become popular, especially among young people.

Karaoke clubs (KTV) have now been accepted by most people as a means of escaping the heavy work pressures of modern city life, singing freely in the KTV clubs is a great escape. A Mi Guo and Hao Le Di are two KTV clubs and in these places, you can see huge photos of famous stars' on the wall and also enjoy the free buffet.

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Transportation
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Jinan is a hub of communications of Shandong, has already formed the stereoscopic traffic network, has extended in all direction, it is very convenient. The infrastructure of Jinan is superior, transportation is convenient, the communications industry is advanced. Jinan is the hub of communications of railway, highway of Shandong. Beijing-Shanghai, Jiaozhou-Jinan railway was gathered together in the urban area document, Jinan has gone to the superhighway of Qingdao and has already been open to the traffic . The International airport of Jinan has already opened dozens of domestic and other course at present.

Aviation

The Yaoqiang International airport of Jinan lies in 40 kilometers of Northeast of urban area, there is a flight that flies to Beijing, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Jinan, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Kunming, Nancheng, Nanjing, Shanghai, Pudong, Shantou, Shenyang, Shenzhen , Wuhan, Yantai , Zhangjiajie and other places every day. And other cities open up to navigation with Jinan are : Changchun, Dandong, Fuzhou, Geermu, Guilin, Hefei, Heihe, Hong Kong, Jiamusi, Lanzhou, Linxi, Nanning, Ningbo, Sanya, Urumchi, Weihai, Wenzhou, Wuyi mountain, Xiamen, Xi'an , Xi'ning, Ynji, Yichang, Zhengzhou. Urban aviation mansions have one direct regular bus of civil aviation per hour for every 6;00-17: 00, drive for an hour, admission fee is 15 yuan.

Railway

Have Jinan Station and the east of Jinan Station 2 guests Stations, among them, Jinan Station is the oldest railway terminal of the whole province, Beijing-Shanghai, Jiaozhou-Jinan railway crosses here, go up north 490 kilometers in Beijing, goes down south 968 kilometers in Shanghai, reach 393 kilometers in Qingdao in the east. It is the auxiliarily station of east station of Jinan, Qingdao - -Dandong, Qingdao - - Taiyuan, Beijing - -Weihai pass bus via this station, have another start train of Luoyang majestic sea (2523 times, the east of Jinan16 :04 is opened, next day 6: 02 to Luoyang; 2524 times, Luoyang 15: 59, next day 6: 06 arrives in the east of Jinan).

Road

Beijing-Shanghai, Jinan-Qingdao, Jinan to Liaozhou about 3 expressways and 104 (Beijing- Fuzhou), 220 (Bingzhou to Zhengzhou), 308 (Qingdao - Shijiazhuang ), 309 (Rongcheng - Lanzhou) 4 pieces of national road pass through Jinan. There are 2 main guests stationat of the long-distance bus station inside of Jinan:

Jinan long-distance bus master station, lie in Jili road No. 131. Mail to the whole province and neighbor main city of the provinces, has offered special line of travel at one's own expense of famous the 1st - 2 days of beauty spot service inside the province, the annual traffic mount, sending the order of classes, sell the ticket income and rank is first in the whole country, praised as " the first station of China ". Long-distance bus the east launched to build up stand recently, lie in liberate way east first line (the Dianliu village ). Have Jinan to Taiyuan, Shijiazhuang, Puyang transprovincial train, increase Jinan to Heze,Linxi,Qubo,Tai'an and so on 8 pieces of number of runs inside the province, depart in class 2 to 3 every day on average, mainly send the regular bus inside the province in the morning, send the regular bus transprovincially in the afternoon.

Internal traffic

Bus

There are more than 100 buses and trolley buses in Jinan. Ordinary bus admission fee is one yuan, air conditioner bus admission fee of " K " word head is two yuan, the bus of special line of travel: Visit 66, visit 68, the tour bus: K51 way, admission fee is two yuan.

Taxi

Xiali, Jetta, Santana, Fukang start fee is 6 yuan (3 kilometers), the last 1.2 yuan per kilometer after 3 kilometers.

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Map of Jinan

 

map

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