About Naha City
Naha City in the southern island of Okinawa. is Okinawa's political, also is the economic and transportation center. Naha - Okinawa's largest city, the most bustling international Avenue. Extended 1.6 km-long roads, there are department stores, souvenir shops, cinemas, restaurants, cafes, people coming and going from morning to night. International Avenue from the south extension of the Central Office, Market Street, there Makishi public market. Naha's kitchen, where people called the market, filled with heat and energy.
It is about 2 hours 45 minutes from Tokyo Haneda Airport to Naha Airport, about 2 hours and 10 minutes from Kansai International Airport, and about 2 hours and 15 minutes from Osaka Itami Airport. By bus from the Naha airport to bus terminus about 20 minutes.
The islands that now make up Okinawa Prefecture were formerly not part of Japan, but part of an independent nation called the Ryukyu Kingdom. Currently they include the main island of Okinawa and the Yaeyama and Miyako island groups. Okinawa's location in the East China Sea, and relatively close proximity to Japan, Korea, China and South East Asia allowed the Ryukyu Kingdom to become a prosperous trading nation. The many castle ruins that dot the island date from this period. However, in 1609 the Japanese Satsuma clan, who controlled the region that is now Kagoshima Prefecture, invaded the Ryukyu Kingdom. Following this invasion, the Ryukyu Kingdom was forced to enter into a tribute-trade relationship with Japan in addition to their previous tribute-trade relationship with China. Satsuma maintained the pretense of Ryukyuan sovereignty in order to access the China trade that had been severely restricted by this time. Though Satsuma maintained strong influence over the Ryukyu Kingdom, the Ryukyu Kingdom maintained a large degree of political independence. In 1879, following the Meiji Restoration, the Ryukyu Kingdom was forcefully incorporated into Japan as a colony known as Okinawa Prefecture.
Following the end of World War II and the Battle of Okinawa in 1945, for 27 years Okinawa was under United States administration. During this time the US military established numerous bases on Okinawa Honto and elsewhere.
On May 15, 1972, Okinawa once again became part of Japan, although to this day the United States maintains a large military presence there.