|Harbin Travel Information|
Harbin is the provincial capital of Heilongjiang province and the center of politics, economy, culture and transportation in Heilongjiang province. Among province-level administrated cities in China, Harbin is the super mega-city with the largest city area and the second largest population. Harbin is the largest center city in northeast China as well. The total area of Harbin is 53068 square kilometers. Harbin is a beautiful city strongly featured by exoticism due to the special historical reason and geographical location. It not only collects the culture and history of minorities in northern china but also introjects exotic culture. Harbin is Chinese famous city for its history, culture and tourism. Traditionally it is called “Icy City of Northern Chin”, “Pearl on the Neck of Swam”, “Oriental Moscow” and “Oriental Small Paris”. Harbin located in the center of Northeast Asian Economic Circle is the largest central city on the opening zone of Chinese border area. Since 1990, “China Harbin International Fair of Trade and Economic Cooperation” has been successfully held for 17 times. And it has been the bridge for Harbin to connect with Russia and other East European Countries.
The local people in this area covering some 53,000 square kilometers (about 20,463 square miles), have created a very distinctive food culture which reflects Harbin's history and special geographical position. However, under the influence of neighboring Russia, a number of authentic western food restaurants have been established here. This coming together of Chinese and Western flavors will definitely fulfill your appetite.
Every year, vast numbers of visitors flock to Harbin and the city has adapted itself to meet the needs of this great influx of tourists. Convenient transportation by air and water can ease your journeys and ensuring a comfortable way of either getting to or around the city. A large number of star-rated hotels with good services await you here.
Archaeological records show that early humans lived in the Harbin region as early as 22,000 years ago. To date, more than ten prehistoric sites have been discovered in the area. In historical times, about a dozen aboriginal ethnic groups, including the Manchus who ruled China during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), lived and built their kingdoms here. By the end of the 19th Century, about 30,000 people lived in what are now the urban districts of Harbin.
In 1896, the Russian government seized the power to extend its Siberian railway into Northeast China, and chose Harbin as the management center of the new section of the railway. With the gradual completion of the railway construction project, Harbin's population expanded quickly. By 1903, when the railway was completed, the modern city was starting to take shape. At that time, Harbin was divided into two sections. The first, the current Daowai District, was under the control the Qing government. The second, roughly equivalent to today's Daoli and Nangang districts, was governed by Russian colonists, who rented it on the pretext of managing the railway.
Following their defeat in the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5), Russia's influence declined, and 160,000 nationals from 33 countries including the United States, Germany and France moved to Harbin. Sixteen countries established consulates and set up several thousand industrial, commercial and banking companies in Harbin. Chinese also established their own businesses in brewing, foodstuffs and the textile industry. Harbin established its status as the center of Northeast China and an international metropolis.
Zhongyang Dajie (Central Street), one of the prime business streets in Harbin, is a perfect witness to the bustling international business activities at that time. The 1.4km street is a veritable museum of European architectural styles, including Baroque and Byzantine facades, little shops of Russian bread, French fashion houses, American snack food outlets, Japanese restaurants and a Christian church. Believing this church had damaged the local fengshui, the Chinese community donated money and built a Chinese monastery, the Jile Temple.
Harbin also prides itself as one of the pioneering cities, along with Beijing and Shanghai, in spreading Marxism in China. In April 1919 Zhou Enlai, who later became Chinese premier, visited Harbin and carried out revolutionary propaganda and organization. In 1923, Harbin saw Northeast China's first branch of the Chinese Communist Party established. In 1927, the first Northeast China regional congress of communists was held here. In 1929, future Chinese president Liu Shaoqi came to Harbin to direct uprisings of railway workers. Harbin later grew into a center of revolutionary struggle and anti-Japanese efforts.
In the 1930s, when Northeast China was part of the Japanese puppet kingdom of Manchukuo, Harbin was directly under the control of that state's Central Government. Harbin residents were forced to learn Japanese and suffered political prejudice under the virtual Japanese rule. During the Second World War the notorious Japanese 731 Division, a germ warfare experimental base, was located here, horrifically killing many Chinese and other nationals.
After the founding of the New China in 1949, Harbin quickly recovered from the war and rose to be one of the few major economic cities in China. It also provided strong backup to the Chinese army fighting the Americans in North Korea in the early 1950s. Later, the former Soviet Union's aid projects helped build Harbin into one of China's heavy industrial bases.
After the opening up and reform of China in late 1970s, Harbin, along with the rest of China, enjoyed enormous progress in economy and urban construction. The city grew into a major river port and has sponsored eight international trade fairs and the third Asian Winter Games.
In 1996, the State Council incorporated the Songhua River Region into Harbin, increasing the city's population to 9.47 million. In terms of population, the city became the largest city in Northeast China.
Harbin has now set itself a grander goal - to become an important international economic and trade center city in Northeast Asia, which comprise Mongolia, the two Koreas and Japan.
Located in the most northeasterly region of China and influenced by continental climate conditions, Harbin has four distinct seasons with long cold winter and short cool summer. In winter, the temperature can drop to -14.2C (6.4F) on average while it is just 20.8C (69.4F) on average in summer. The city can be visited at any time, especially from July to September and from December to January.
With little rainfall, the temperature of Harbin in spring (March-May) is changeable from month to month. Summer, from June to August has plenty of rainfall, and as such Harbin is not as hot as the other cities of inland China. The measurable highest temperature is just 22.3C (72F) on average, which occurs in July. So, it is the best time for you to visit here and escape the hot summer. During the transition from summer to winter, autumn (September to October) in Harbin has little rainfall and a fluctuating temperature; it is also windy. Harbin in winter (November to February) is the coldest city of China, yet it is also one of the most attractive. The beautiful and startling snowy scenery will satisfy your desire with no doubt. Though it is cold, the winter of Harbin is also recommended.
Although it is not included in the Chinese Eight Cuisines, Harbin cuisine still has its own specialties thanks to its special geographical position and long history. Local cuisine of Manchu mixes with Shandong Cuisine and exotic Russian cuisine, to give the important components of the existent Harbin cuisine, even the Heilongjiang cuisine. Like the warm hearted and straightforward locals, the Harbin dishes tend to feature hot and dense, strong flavors. Even then the original flavor is still maintained as few spices are used.
Based on traditional cooking skills and local materials, a series of famous banquets was invented by the locals of Harbin. Of the banquets the most well known is the Fly Dragon Banquet, best prepared by Harbin International Restaurant. The others include Mountain Delicacies and Wild Delight Banquet, Hedgehog Fungus Banquet and Flavor of North China.
It should be mentioned that the locals also prefer fresh vegetables eaten cold with soy sauce or dipped in sauce. Flour based foods and rice are the daily staples of locals. Among them, dumplings are considered to be the predominant. Approximately ten kinds of dumplings with different stuffing can be sampled here.
We recommend the Dongfang Jiaozi Wang (the king of eastern dumplings).
Specialties: sanxian dumpling; celery pork dumpling; dumpling stuffed with pork, nut kernels and corns; dumpling stuffed with fried beef; cabbage pork dumpling
Lao Du Yi Chu Dumpling Restaurant
Harbin Wu Ji Lao Hao Jiu Lou (Harbin Wu’s Time-honored Restaurant)
Da Feng Shou
Lao Shang Hao Sha Guo Ju (Lao Shang Hao Casserole)
The introduces of some special features snack
Harbin Big Bread
Crisp of Heli
Laoding Feng cake
>>The deer's tail of clear soup
Jingzi brand pine nut litter stomach
Crystal sugar snow
>>Boils in its own broth without soy sauce boils the colored fish
Jingbo carp silk
Jianghai brake tender leaf
Harbin is one of the largest commercial cities of the Northeast, the commercial building stands in great numbers on every large street in the city, there are famous forest companies, Department Store of Harbin, commercial building of Jiangnanchun, masses type shopping square such as commercial building on Hart shopping square , Harbin commercial market, Manhattan commercial building, HuaLian commercial building , central store, new world general merchandise, Songlei international commercial building; also have large-scale comprehensive wholesale market such as build street shoes city, Haxi clothes city,Dafa wholesale market, Sanke wholesale market, etc. There are numerous shopping business street, the pedestrian street and light evening market such as Chinese and foreign the people's trade markets, underground business street of international trade city, Renhe underground business street, underground business street of gold street, unite and promote underground maket, the centre pedestrian street, city of underground trade and business of Chengde, red flag underground international trade city, and there are buses to pass through in these places , it is very convenient. Local product of Harbin abundant, have "Northeastern Tirana ", "LongJiang 4 value highly" etc, can't count to the limit.
Black Currant Wine
The Black Currant is commonly called the "Black Bean Fruit" by local people. It was a wild plant originally, but it was planted artificially later. Using the Black Currant to make wine is the traditional product of the Harbin Qiulin Company. It has a history of nearly one hundred years. Every mid-September, the Black Currant is ripe. Every full seed is enclosed in a juicy, mildly acidic pulp. It's the best time to make it into wine.
Dozens of years ago, the Qiulin Company ran a gardening plantation. When the fruit is ripe, people pick them down and immediately make them into fruit wine. The Qiulin Company adopts the traditional ferment technique. Don't add any alcohol, spice or pigment. They use the original pulp and juice of the Black Currant to make wine. The color of the wine is purplish red. It's clear and transparent. It has a dense fragrance. It's a good mixture of sweet taste and sour taste. It has a unique favor.
Candy Stuffed with Wine
The Candy Stuffed with Wine is a traditional Russian-style candy. It has a long history. At the beginning of the 20th century, it was introduced into Harbin. The Candy Stuffed with Wine made by the Candy Factory of the Qiulin Company is recognized to be the best.
Harbin Red Sausage
Harbin Red sausage was originally called "Russia and Lithuania Sausage". It has a history of nearly one hundred years since it has been introduced into Harbin. Because the surface of the sausage is purplish red, it's called "Red Sausage" by locals.
Lie Ba is a kind of typical large Russian bread. It’s nearly larger than the pot using for steaming food. Only Harbin has traditional cooks and facilities of making pastry in China, These cooks can roast the real Russian bread. Therefore, Lie Ba is the local flavor food.
Russian Nested Doll
It's a toy, which is made up of several lovely dolls. The small one is placed in the large one. The smaller one is placed in the small one. One doll is stored inside another until there is no room to hold any other doll. Every doll is painted with various pictures, such as, man who is hunting on the horse, woman wearing fine clothes, children who are playing.
Sugar Candy Hulu
It's a main local product in Harbin. Red haws are pierced together on a stick, with melted sugar candy on the surface. It’s fragrant, sweet and tasty. Looked in the distance, it looks like a bunch of red agates.
Three Hua and five Luo
The Fangzheng paper-cut
The Harbin knit embroiders
The print of Acheng area
The handicraft picture wheat straw
Where to Buy?
There are many places to buy things in Harbin. The underground shopping streets of Jindi, Guomao City and Hongbo form an underground shopping world;
For most local women and visitors alike, the most attractive thing about Harbin is the wide variety of dress. Several department stores are listed here according to their different ranges of goods.
Grand Shopping Center
Harbin's No.1 Department Store
Harbin No.1 Department Store is conveniently situated in the most bustling part, and it occupies a business area of 33,000 square meters. There are 50,000 kinds of commodities ready for sale. Now, this modern and multifunctional department store is the largest and the best merchandising business in Heihongjiang province.
The department store was built in unique architectural style, and it is large-scale and majestic. The advanced business equipment and facilities on each floor are arranged by using modern art designs and presentation methods. The overall decorating is luxurious. The space gives people a strong sense of rhythm and the environment is so elegant.
Every needed facility is prepared in the store: the automatic escalators for passengers and employees, full-closed central air conditioning, musical fountain and large electronic screen advertising, and so on.In Harbin No.1 Department Store, you could not only enjoy shopping, but also relax yourselves.
Zhongyi Department Store
Zhongyi Department Store is adequate for most local people and visitors. Costume, adornments, fashion jewelers, cosmetics, perfumes, Korean stationery, and other merchandises are available in this four stored building and the most important thing is that the goods there are not expensive at all.
If you want to buy some clothes, underground costume town will be your best choice. The first floor mainly sells all kinds of fabulous jewelers and silvery products. Besides, there is a Fendou Non-staple Foods Department providing refreshments and meat products, including Harbin specialties, red sausage and Dabieba. The second floor is divided into two parts. One side is for underwear. At the other side, all kinds of home appliances can be bought there. The third floor offers customers with electric equipment, mobile phones, MP3, MP4...... a series of convenient facilities. Anyway, it's a good place for shopaholic.
The main shopping district is along Zhongyang Dajie where there is a Wal-Mart near the flood control monument and another shopping district along Guogeli Jie where you can find clothing, food and more. Along this street are huge new shopping malls such as the Euro Plaza, Parksons, and Lane Crawford that carry international brands and are expensive. There are Nike stores, KFC and interesting Russian thrift stores. The street is lined with beer gardens during the summer.
Guogeli Dajie was built in 1901 with a history of more than 100 years. It is located in the center of Nangang District. Started from south of Cheong Street and ended from north of Cayman Street, this street is 2642 meters long in total.
Guogeli Dajie is the second biggest shopping district in Harbin's after Zhongyang Dajie (bigger in size). This area around is dotted with Russian buildings and huge shopping malls. It was original a non-government trading street for Russian goods, so Russian styles could be seen at almost everywhere. The goods there are various and most of them are of high quality and famous brands.
In the middle of this road, there is a small man-made lake with a central fountain. Around the lake are many small but famous pubs. During the warmer months, this small square is packed with people out for a night walk.
Underground Shopping Mall of Golden Street
With fresh air and bright light, underground shopping mall of Golden Street lies under the Fendou Road of Nangang District in Harbin. It was a part of civil defenses originally during the war period. In 1988, it was reconstructed to be an underground shopping mall.
Underground shopping mall of Golden Street is a comprehensive shopping mall with integration of different functions including shopping, touring and catering. Its total building area is about 15,000 square meters with two floors and is separated into a fast food restaurant and 6 business halls. These 6 business halls mainly sell all kinds of clothes at every range coming from Korea, Japan, America, Italy, France, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Shanghai and Guangdong and so on.
The goods there always lead the consumption trend of Harbin city. This street builds a good identity in local people's hearts. And it has been bright scenery of Harbin.
A commercial side street located right off Guogele Dajie. If you're facing the East, it's past the giant castle and on your right. Used to be complete with Indian thrift stores, clothing, and food, but now offers only Russian items, including dolls, pocketknives and toys.
Wal Mart Supercenter
The nightlife of Harbin is colorful. Of course some people do like the traditional ways to spent night like going to the Bar and KTV. Besides, in Harbin, you could also experience a completely different nightlife. In some wide and bright area like the square of Guogeli Street, many people at different ages play badminton, dancing as well as kicking shuttlecock there during nights. Thus they could relax themselves and keep health. And in other some squares, there are some book stands. People who like reading always often get there, and then find a book to enjoy. In winter, when Harbin is rounded by snow and ice, people can do all kind of ice sports like skiing, sailing on the ice and so on and watching ice lantern exhibition also very popular. These kinds of nightlife are healthier than just drinking and win more and more hearts.
Although night is much colder than daytime in Harbin, the locals enjoy their rich and colorful nightlife just the same. Maybe this in part contributes to the many recreational facilities in this city, ranging from tranquil tea houses to noisy KTV. Nobody should fail to see the night view of the Ice City. Strolling along the exotic Zhongyang Dajie with buildings in different styles, you will find the soft-painted buildings quite alluring and even more charming and fascinating by night.
Playing the Ice Plough is similar to sliding on the board. The difference is that the speed is higher. The friction on the ice is less than that in the board. There are two ways to play the Ice Plough. If you play on the steep slope, it’s necessary to run up at first. You can play it sitting or bending on the plough. If you play on the flat ice ground, you must run up with two hands holding the plough. Then put it keep close to your chest. Fall forward and lie on the plough. You will slide forward with the plough. It’s somewhat like pushing a boat with a punt-pole. It’s very smart. In addition, there are some other sports, such as, Dog Pulling Ice Plough, Horse Pulling Plough, etc..
The Ice Sail is a characteristic sports in Heilongjiang. It is very similar to the sailing. However, the playing field is moved to the ice surface. It must be played with high speed. Therefore, People will feel very tense and excited. If you come to Harbin, you must experience the pleasure when galloping on the surface of the SongHua River.
Bingga is also called the “ Ice Monkey” or “ Ice Top”. It’s made of wood or ice. It’s a children’s toy, big in the middle and pointed at both ends. It is similar to the top. People put it in a headstand on the ice ground and then whip it. It circumrotates quickly, buzzing. It’s very interesting. Bingga is a kind of folk game played on the ice in Harbin. Visitors, especially children, must have a try by themselves. It’s certain that the rotating top will bring incomparable happiness to your journey.
Cold winter give Harbin a natural skating advantage, so long as people pour water on the vacant lot, it will be frozen into a solid skating rink next morning. In Harbin, the skating rink and the ice hockey gym can be seen everywhere. This is a stimulating sport. The people who play the roller skating can’t taste it. The feeling of stepping on the ice skates and galloping on the ice is never forgotten absolutely.
Coffee and Tea
You may prefer to linger for a quiet chat in a tea house or one of the many cafes; either sipping a hot drink or maybe playing cards with friends; an excellent way to relax and unwind after a day's sightseeing.
Bifengtang Tea House
Address: No.154, Shang Zhi Dajie, Daoli District.
2nd Floor, No.198-200, Guo Ge Li Dajie, Nangang District.
Jazz Island Coffee
Additionally, just as in the rest of Chinese cities, the young locals of Harbin also like the popular KTV (Karaoke). In Harbin, most of the young people choose to sing songs with friends. Consequently, it is a good place for you to spend your spare night time as it will enable you to get to know some of the local people, one of the most rewarding aspects of traveling abroad.
For those who like Karaoke, Harbin's more popular KTVs can be found in the Nangang District.
Ba Ba Duo Si KTV (Hours: 13:00 - 05:00 the next day)
Shuanghe Bubugao KTV (Hours: 21:00 - 06:00 the next day)
Harbin Pubs & Bars
In Harbin, there are many places for people to entertain themselves like restaurants, bath centers, gyms, cafés, tea houses. All kinds of leisure entertainment facilities are provided in Harbin. In Daoli District, there are Laoguangdong Bath Square, Langtaosha Bath Square, Bifengtang Tea House, Xingyue Chat Room and Mingmo KTV. And in the Nangang District, there are Zhangzhouji, Yiqianhe Bath Square, Qianshuiwan Bath Square, Raindrop Bath Square, St. Petersburg Western Restaurant and Pub, Jinbairui Teahouse, Xiamo Bar, Fuhao KTV and the Guangdong KTV. After a day's busy life, you could come there to enjoy and relax yourself.
Blue's is located at No. 100 Diduan Jie. This club attracts many people, including Harbin local people, Russians, Mongolians, Turks, Canadians, Brazilians, and Koreans. It is busy everyday especially on Friday nights. On every Friday night after 10:30pm this bar gets really crazy because that there will hold performances and about 80% of Harbin's international students will head out to Blues to take party. Also, at 11pm you could buy a bottle of Vodka with only 10RMB. And its nice environment makes many people chat, dance and stay there for hours. During the weekend, it's full of Chinese people, which makes many international students take this opportunity to learn Chinese culture and make friends with Chinese.
During every ice festival in Harbin, the ice bar could dramatically attract so many visitors. Covering an area of about 140 square meters, the bar is made of more than 6,000 cubic meters of ice. The ice bar as well as everything in it including the tables, desks and cups is made of hard ice. The bar is decorated in both of Chinese and European styles and it' been greatly favored by foreign visitors. Well you will find it's a deadly cool feeling that you could warm up your body with such cold drinks in such cold winter.
Xiangfang Park Night Market
Just as the name implies, this night market is near the Xiangfang Park. In this market, you could find many interest small things like clothes, mp3 players, tapes, fashion knick-knack hangings, fruits and all kind s of local snacks. Thanks to Xiangfang Park nearby, the comfortable environment of it attracts many customers to wander there. So when the night falls, people often go there to do some shopping and have some late snacks.
Harbin located in the center of northeast Asia, boasts the Pearl of Eurasian Continental Bridge, and the important traffic hub of the first Eurasian bridge and airway. Harbin is also one of the important railway station hubs, and it is the largest station hub in northeast China. The expressway system is comprised of the NO.301 National highway, Beijing-Harbin highway, Harbin-Tongjiang highway, Harbin-Heihe highway. Waterways include Sungari River, Heilongjiang River, Ussuri River and Nenjiang River. And these waterways are connected with far-east ports in Russia. Taiping International Airport has a throughput over 5 million passengers. Currently cooperated airlines have gotten up to 18. 64 airlines have been opened for international and domestic flights. Flight destinations has been more than 53.
The geographical position of Harbin is superior, It is lie the Asian-Pacific economic development area hinterland, with the constant development of social economy, the traffic of Harbin in Harbin has been developed rapidly too, has formed the stereoscopic traffic network of land, water and air extending in all direction, have already become the greatest hub of communications of the Chinese north of the Northeast. It is a hub of communications of linking up the Northeast Asia, Europe and Pacific Ocean.
The Harbin Peace International Airport is the second largest international airport in Northeast China. There are flights to/from more than 30 large and medium tourist cities, such as, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Nanjing, Qingdao, Wenzhou, Xiamen, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Shenyang, Dalian, Xi'an, Hong Kong. There are a few scheduled international flights to the folowing countries: U.S.A., Russia, South Korea, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia.
The Airport is 35 kilometers away 50 minutes' drive from the urban area of Harbin. It takes you around 20 Yuan to go to the airport via CAAC shuttle bus, which departs at the Civil Aviation Mansion (No. 99, Zhongshan Road) via the Kang'an Road, the Tongda Street, the Harbin Industry University, the railway station and the Wenchang Road. It usually costs 110 yuan to take a taxi from the airport to the city.
The Airline Ticket Office
The Ticket Center of the China Southern Airline Company:
The Ticket Office of the China Southern Airline Company in the Harbin Airport:
The Globe Airline Service Limited Company:
Harbin is the second largest railway pivot second only to Shenyang in the Northeast, There are five big railway line here such as Jing-Ha, Bin-Sui, Bing-Zhou, La-Bing. Nearly ten ways of branch line, not merely can lead to the domestic railway line of other provinces and cities, and feed through the international railway line of Russia, it is one of the railway pivots in the Northeast, it is the international important component of the traffic of the railway physically in the Northeast Asian area too.
By Long-distance Bus
The Inquiry Office of the Harbin Ship Station: 88686615
The public traffic system in Harbin city is well developed perfect. There are more than one hundred public bus lines In order to cater for tourists' need, two special tourist routes are opened successively. One departs from the Flood Control Monument and runs to the Sun Island. The other passes several tourist spots in the downtown area. Cost for a public bus is one to two Yuan per person.
Taxi cost varies depending on taxi types. usually, the flag down price for a Xiali taxi is 7 Yuan for the first three kilometers (about 1.86 miles) and then 1.6 Yuan for every additional kilometer. The starting price of a Jetta taxi is 8 Yuan for the first three kilometers and 1.9 Yuan for every additional kilometer. A Chery taxi costs 7 Yuan for the first three kilometers and 1.9 Yuan every additional kilometer. If the distance is over 12 kilometers, passengers must pay 50 percent surcharge.
|Map of Harbin|