|Haikou Travel Information|
Haikou, known also as the 'Coconut City', is the capital of Hainan Province, China's second largest island. Haikou lies on the Binhai plain in the north of Hainan Island. It has a tropical monsoon climate with an annual average temperature of 23.6 degree Celsius. Annual rainfall averages 1,650 millimeters. The Nandu River flows through the east part of Haikou before emptying into the sea. Haikou is rich in aquatic resources.
Haikou is one of the biggest tinned food producers in China. Its industries also include food processing, beverages, rubber, electronic, textiles, chemical fibers, pharmaceuticals, hide, and power. Beverage, chemical fiber, and hide industries are the mainstay. The chief farm products of Haikou are rice, sugarcane, vegetables, peanuts, fruit, and aquatic products.
Haikou has many historical relics, such as Wugong Ancestral Hall, Sugong Ancestral Hall, and Hairui Tomb. The Xiuying Beach is an excellent summer resort. The famous special products include coconut milk, shell sculptures, coral, Spanish mackerel, grouper, and various sorts of seafood.
The city is the provincial administrative center of Hainan as well being the focus of the local economy, culture and transportation. Haikou stands at the northern end of Hainan Island, on the west bank of the Nandu River estuary. This river is the longest on the island and the city's name appropriately means 'Mouth of the Sea'.
With the sea on three sides Haikou enjoys a long coastline that features excellent bathing beaches and seaside resorts. Holiday Beach is the most popular of these, while Xixiu Beach is where the National sailing and windsurfing teams train and hold competitions.
The downtown area of the city has an excellent environment with streets lined with coconut palms. Here there are modern and convenient public transport facilities and all that is best in a tropical seaside city that is pollution free and that meets the needs of the tourist in a friendly and welcoming way.
Besides its natural resources, Haikou has a number of important sites of historical interest. The Wugong Temple (The Five Official's Temple), the Tomb of Hai Rui and the Xiuying Emplacement each serve as reminders of the historical importance of Haikou.
No trip is complete without the opportunity to savor tempting local food and shopping opportunities. It goes without saying that for anyone coming to Haikou, seafood is definitely a must. However, the city is also famous for its other prized dishes. There are four to delight the gourmet and should not be missed. They are Wenchang Chicken, Dongshan Mutton, Jiaji Duck and Hele Crab. The climate means there is an abundance of fresh local fruits such as mangos, pineapples, jackfruits, coconuts and carambola, betelnuts, pawpaw, longan and lichee, loquat, naseberry and passion fruit. Maybe some of these will be new to you but we are sure that if you try them you will want to take come home!
As for transportation, don't worry! Hainan Meilan Airport, railway station, ship and expressway links cities of China and the whole world.Haikou has evolved from a simple sightseeing city to an attractive seaside resort and business center. The services for visitors to the city are being extended with the aim of establishing Haikou as Southern China's key center for tourism.
The history of Haikou originates from Han Dynasty.
In Tang Dynasty, Haikou became a port of Qiongzhou, and it was the transportation hub to the mainland. In Song Dynasty, in order to consolidate the frontier, Haikoupu was established, hence the name.
In 1858 (the eighth year of Emperor Xianfeng), Haikou was opened up to be a trading port, the name was changed into Qiongzhou kou. After that, the consulates of various countries were set up here gradually. In the early days of the People's Republic of China, its name was changed to Haikou.
It was liberated on 23, April 1950, and the People's Government was founded on June 1, the same year. After liberation, Haikou was a city under the jurisdiction of the provincial government of Guangdong, and was the capital of Hainan administrative.
In March 1983, it was declared to be an open city. In 1988, it became the capital city of Hainan Province.
|Best Time to Visit||
Hainan Province is the second largest island off the Chinese mainland, the largest being Taiwan. Hainan is the more southerly of the two and is nearer to the mainland, separated only by narrow straights. Hainan is the largest special economic zone of China.
Haikou, the provincial capital has a tropical marine climate with an average annual temperature of 20C (68F). Its spring is warm with almost drought conditions but the high summer temperatures bring heavy rain in their wake. Autumn is a season of typhoons and rain storms. It can feel quite cold in winter by contrast. As a rule, the best time to travel is between November and the following April. From May to October Haikou has its rainy seasons, with the precipitation reaching a peak during September. As high temperatures warm the waters of the South China Sea from June to September tropical storms (hurricanes), known here as typhoons, are driven toward the coast and Haikou can experience force 8 storms that cause considerable problems for traffic.
The best time to visit Haikou is between November and April. When the weather is fine here this is a gorgeous spot, although on hot days it may be more comfortable outside the city and on one of the island's great beaches.
October to May here is the rainy season and in September especially, expect to experience very heavy rainfall. During June to September typhoons are not unusual and very strong wind affect the city approximately once every ten days during this period. The rains however, do not last for too long and despite their severity if you plan your trip well, it's unlikely the bad weather will affect your plans too much.
You will find both excellent local dishes and a full range of international cuisine on offer at the restaurants and hotels in Hainan Province. This means the visitor has the choice of appetizing snacks or something more familiar that they would choose if dining out in their home town. You need never go hungry in Hainan as there is something to please all palates!
The lamb deserves any compliment. The soup and insides are mixed with rice to make congee. It’s recommended to be cooked together with a local favorite dish----Watermelon peelings.Delicate lamb, which only lives somewhere near the crater in Ma’an Mountain, is prepared in various flavors: boiled, dried, steamed and salted.It’s strongly recommended that you go to the crater to have the dish. Liwan Rotisserie would be the best place.
Giant African Snail
The snails are boiled with water. While eating, you first put the bottom of a snail into the keyhole and break it. Then suck the snail from the other side (a big hole) and you can have the crisp fresh meat tasting salty but sweet. It is good to the last bite!
Delicate pure hairy crabs are prepared in various ways: steamed, boiled, sautéed, roasted and so on. All styles will satisfy your appetite. But ‘pure steamed’ is best known for making the dish more fresh and tender.
Jiaji Duck is abundant in Jiaji Town of Qionghai City in Hainan Province. It is said this variety of duck was the improved type that introduced into Hainan Province from Malaysia 300 years ago. The duck was first cultivated in Jiaji Town, then spreaded throughout the province. The growing methods are quite special. At the beginning, they feed the just born ducklings with fresh water petite fishes and little shrimps, or earthworms. Then after about two months when the ducklings are about to grow some feather, they enclose them in small cages and narrow the range of their activities. And the ducks are fed with rice and some other kinds of feeding stuffs. Within a period of 20 days, the ducks can be grown to be fat meat ducks.
This kind of duck is featured by the fat meat, which tastes quite fantastic. There are various cooking methods of the duck, yet the most famous one would be the steamed sliced duck, which maintains the original tastes and flavor. Roast duck is flavorful, but it is not the actual taste of the duck.
Rice in bamboo in Li Style
Bamboo rice is the traditional food for the people of the Li Nationality, who live mainly in Hainan Province. They made the rice when they are about to travel to a distant place, or go hunting and treat the guests.
The making process of the bamboo rice is very easy. First, prepare the materials like bamboo tubes, Shanlan rice (a special kind of upland rice in Hainan, it is also known as "fragrant rice"), and some special ingredients. Second, wash the bamboo tubes and rice, then put the rice into the bamboo tubes, and add in the right amount of water. Third, take some banana leaves to seal the two ends of the bamboo tubes, then put the bamboo tubes with rice inside on the charcoal fire and wait till it is ready.
When the rice is ready, you can take it out and remove the leaves, then take a knife to cut the bamboo tube into two halves from one end to the other end. When you are going to enjoy the fragrant rice, it is much more interesting to go with some Li style Shanlan liquor.
Roasted Fresh Clam
Roasted clam mixed with garlic. YUMMY! Flavoring is pretty important for roasted clam. Some lemon juice plus jam or mustard will make it more delicious.
Where to Dine
Haikou is the commercial center of Hainan Province, and as such goods from around the whole island gather here. In addition to the Le Pu Sheng Emporium, the No. 1 Department Store, and Shengsheng department store, new shopping centers are developing rapidly in this area. Traditional folk trade markets are also available to shop and cultivate local customs.
One of the biggest enjoyment for tourists is to taste various kinds of fruits in Haikou. Bailonglan Wholesale Fruit Market is paradise of fruit hunters. Besides Haixiu Avenue is the first place to find Hainan festured produces. Dadongmen Market is a good choice to buy seafood.
The horns of ox and buffalo were carved and put together into different shapes of animals. Among them, sea fish, eagle and peacock are best known home and abroad.
Of best quality and pure. Once used to make crystal coffin for Chairman Mao. With the most advanced processing equipment, natural crystal is made into various types of necklaces, bracelets brooches and earrings, which are most favored at home and abroad.
Smell sweet and tempting while tasting good and refreshing. It’s strongly recommended that you should drink iced Xianglan tea with milk.
Smoothed and shining shells are carved or mounted into different kinds of painted screen, appliances and decorations, making them natural and elegant. Also, shells are made into many kinds of artifacts, such as drinking set, ornaments, decoration, necklace and brooch, which are as fine as jade
Coconut Shell Sculpture
Where to Buy
As the most busy business street, Haixiu Avenue is located in the area around the Haikou Hotel. It is a place that gathers a large number of souvenir shops selling Hainan local jewelries like southern pearls, crystals, hawksbills and so on. What's more, there are also many specialities stores selling local specialities like Xinglong coffee, pepper, coconut, horn carvings and coconut carvings. Therefore, you don't have to worry about having no souvenirs to take back home from Haikou, go shopping on Haixiu Avenue, and you will absolutely find something that amazes and interests you.
Getting there: buses No. 9, 17, 24.
Dadongmen Market is located on the Boai Road in the ancient town area of Haikou City. It is a famous and most popular distributing center of seafood and dried food in Haikou. In the market, varieties of seafood, marine products, and fowls are on sale. Many citizens in Haikou do like to shop in that market and prices of the products are quite fair.
Compared with the noisy and busy atmosphere of daytime, the Dadongmen Market at night is much more charming. You would surely have a deep impression of it, and you can buy some souvenirs like red fish and squid for your families or friends.
Wholesale Fruit Market
on Bailong South Road you will not want to miss the tropical fruits of Hainan Province. Products for sale include mangos, pineapples, jackfruits, coconuts, betel nuts, pawpaw, longan and lichee, loquat, naseberry, passionflower, wampee, carambola, etc. Many of these products are unique to Hainan, and are seldom found in other areas. In addition, if you are courageous enough, try a taste of Liu Lian (civet durian), the king of tropical fruit. It has an offensive odor but a very pleasant taste!
Similar to other southern Chinese cities, Haikou has a rich nightlife. When the sun goes down, Haikou continues to offer passion and romance. Discos, nightclubs and pubs appear in the streets and lanes to appeal to customers. If you intend to relax in Hainan, be sure to experience the nightlife of Haikou. You can experience this unique city in many ways - in a bar, busy nightclub or roadside stand.
Laoba Teahouse (Old Father Teahouse)
This kind of teahouses can often be found along the narrow streets of the ancient town area. The teahouses are often simply decorated. They are only small stores standing along the street. What they have are only some desks and chairs, and the fragrant tea and tasty desert. You don't have to make reservation before you go there. Just be there and order a pot of tea with only some dimes. However, considerate services would be provided, even if you were drinking in the teahouse from the early morning till the late afternoon.
Drinking Laoba drinking does not mean to drink any famous tea, ordinary tea like green tea, red tea, or jasmine tea would be nice. Besides, you may have the chance to taste some tasty snacks in the teahouses.
China Town Club
Located on Longkunnan Road, China Town is a tourism enterprise with the most perfect functions and facilities, and covers a total building area of 43,000 square meters, including more than 600 parking lots. In the club, there are delicate food shops selling the most unique local flavor in Hainan, and you can also have the chance to enjoy the wonderful dancing shows and the exciting entertainment activities. A sense of fantasy and novelty will be brought to you, which will surely amaze and delight you.
Grand Shanghai Club
Grand Shanghai Club is located inside the New Hot Spring Hotel, on the Longkun North Road of Haikou City. Covering a total area of 6,000 square meters, this club is the largest one in Hainan Province. The club is magnificently decorated to be of strong exotic and reminiscent sentiment. Thoughtful services are provided in the club. There are altogether 10 jazz bands, 20 professional dancers and singers, 30 fashion ladies and 300 public relations girls. The high standard and fantastic shows from home and abroad will surely amaze you. What's more, 46 KTV rooms are also available in the club. It is the right place for you to enjoy the exciting moment of singing and dancing.
Old Tree Cafe
Old Tree Café, positioning midrange consumption, is a chain café in Hainan, and the most popular one would be the one located near the Century Bridge. The café provides you original grinding coffee, natural scented tea and fruit tea, western style food, steak and Taiwan style fast food. There are 19 special rooms, one of which can hold 15-20 people at the same time, and the minimum consumption is RMB 168 Yuan. And the mid-size rooms can hold 10 people with RMB Yuan 128's minimum consumption. Small rooms can hold 5-8 people, and the minimum consumption is RMB 108 Yuan. What's more, there are two large rooms, which can be used to hold meetings. The café is on business from 8:00 AM till 1:00 AM of the next day. However, 24-hour services are provided in the mahjong rooms.
Public Bus and Sightseeing Bus
Note: There are no toll stations on any part of the highways of Hainan. The toll has been included in the gasoline prices, so the price of gasoline is higher than that of other places
|Map of Haikou|