|Guiyang Travel Information|
The city was first constructed as early as 1283 AD during the Yuan Dynasty. It was originally called Shunyuan, meaning obeying the Yuan (the Mongol rulers).
Guiyang City lies in the east slope of central part of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. The east longitude is between 106 centigrade 7 minute and 107 centigrade. The north latitude is between 26 centigrade 11 minute and 27 centigrade 22 minute. To the east and south, it borders with Wengan, Longli Huishui, and Changshun of Qiannan; to the west, it borders with Pingba County of Anshui City and Zhijin County of Bijie City; to the north, it borders with Qianxi of Bijie City, Jinsha and Zunyi County of Zunyi City. The total area occupies 8,034 square kilometers, which accounts for 4.56% of the whole city area.
The urban district of Guiyang City, including Yunyan, Nanming, Xiaohe, is 220.31 square kilometers accounting for 1.97% of the whole city area. Yunyan District is in the north of city with an area of 67.5 square kilometers; Nanming District is in the south of city with an area of 89.68 square kilometers; the south of Xiaohe District is 63.13 square kilometers. The countryside, including Huaxi, Wudang, Baiyun, occupies 2194.5 square kilometers. Huaxi District is located in the southeast of city with an area of 957.6 square kilometers; Wudang District lies in the northeast and west of city with an area of 964.9 square kilometers; Baiyun District is in the northwest of city with an area of 272 square kilometers.
In the third year in the reign of Longqing in the Ming Dynasty(1569),Chengfan prefecture in Guiyang was renamed Guiyang prefecture,From then on,Guiyang, as a name of an administrative area, has been used until today, with a history of over 400 years.In 1913,Guiyang was made capital of Guizhou province, In 1941, Guiyang officially became a city.
China is one of the world’s oldest continuous major civilizations, with written records dating back 3,500 years. Turtle shells with markings reminiscent of ancient Chinese writing from the Shang Dynasty have been carbon dated to around 1,500 BC. These records suggest that the origins of Chinese civilization started with city-states that may go back more than 5,000 years. Two thousand years ago is commonly used as the date when China became unified under a large kingdom or empire. Successive dynasties developed systems of bureaucratic control that would allow the emperor to control the large territory that would become China Proper.
The forced imposition of a common system of writing by the Qin emperor (200 BC) and the development of a state ideology based on Confucianism (100 BC) marked the foundation of what we now call the Chinese civilization. Politically, China alternated between periods of political unity and disunity, and was occasionally conquered by external groups of people, some eventually being assimilated into the Chinese population. Cultural and political influences from many parts of Asia, carried by successive waves of immigration, merged to create the image of Chinese Culture today.
|Best Time to Visit||
Guiyang falls within the monsoon climate in subtropical zone that is temperate and humid without severe winters or hot summers, characterized by abundant rainfall and longer frost-free period, with the annual average temperature 15.3℃; the rainfall 1197 mm; the relative humidity 76.9% and the frost-free period about 270 days. The hottest day occurs in late July, and the coldest in early January. People in Guiyang are proud of the pleasant climate and often compare it to Kunming as "Another Spring City".
Rain falls throughout the year, with occasional flurries in winter. It is also one of China's least sunny cities.
Guiyang City’s climate has obvious plateau monsoon climate characteristics. It belongs to the moderate-humid subtropical climate. The annual rainfall is about 1200 mm. Because of the effect of global warming, the heavy rain concentrates in the annual July or June. The annual average temperature is 15.3 centigrade. The hottest month happens to be in July. It is often 24 centigrade. The coldest month occurs in January. It is about 4.6 centigrade. In historical records, the lowest temperature is under 9.5 centigrade and the highest is 39.5 centigrade. The frost-free period lasts about 270 days. The pressure is higher in winter and lower in summer. There are some types of natural disasters, such as hail, rainstorm, high winds and acid rain.
Guiyang enjoys a pleasant moist subtropical climate with sufficient sunlight and plenty of rainfall due to its geographical features. There is no extreme heat in summer and overly cold in winter. The annual average temperature is about 15 degree Celsius, and July is the highest month of the year with an average temperature of 24 degree Celsius while January is the coldest one, averaging a temperature of 4.6 degree Celsius. So, all of the year are available to plan your tour in Guiyang, most of the minorities festivals are generally held in March or April.
Influenced by the humid subtropical climate, Guiyang is neither too hot nor too cold. With abundant sunshine and rainfall, the annual average temperature of Guiyang is 15.3oC (59.5oF). The hottest days in July are only 24oC (75.2oF) on average and the coldest days in January 4.6oC (40.3oF). Hence, Guiyang is suitable for visiting all year round. But the best time to visit Guiyang is March and April, when many traditional festivals of the minority peoples are held. Due to the sharp temperature changes between day and night and the strong ultraviolet radiation, it is best to bring a coat and wear a good sun block while visiting.
Guiyang City is located in the middle of Guizhou hill-plateau, on the watershed between Yangtse River and Pearl River, higher in the southwest and lower in the northeast. Miaoling Mountain extends in the boundaries, hills undulate and the hills of denudation alternate with basins, valleys and depressions. The relative difference in elevation is about 100-200 m. The highest peak, 1659 m above sea level, is in Miaowoding, Shuitian Town and the lowest place, 880 m above sea level, is in the exit mouth of Nanming River. In the middle of Guiyang, the stratified landform is obvious, mainly including Guiyang ,Zhongcaosi synclinal basin and Baiyun, Huaxi, Qingyan multistage tableland as well as corroded depression. Peak cluster and dish-structure depression, funnel, underground stream, karst cave are developed.
Guiyang Food and Snacks
Qian (Guizhou) cuisine is one of the main cuisines in China. More than 250 popular dishes, mostly spicy and hot well present its diversity and complexity.
Dishes of Qian cuisine are not only spicy and hot but also tasty and delicious. With bright color and beautiful shapes, Qian cuisine are also regarded as the fine art work for appreciation. You can taste every Qian-flavored dish in Guiyang City.
Some of the famous local food and snacks are as follows:Bijie Dumpling
Originated in Bijie County, Guizhou Province, Bijie dumpling is a popular local flavor with a history of 50 years. The white and fine flour is made of top-grade glutinous rice. The dumpling is made up of ham, sesame, peanut, rock candy, lard, etc. Characterized by small size, thin skin with much stuffing, it tastes soft, fragrant and delicious.
Siwawa (Silk Doll)
Love Bean Curd
The snack night market on Hequn Road is very popular. There you can eat a lot of hygienic Guizhou special local snacks at reasonable prices, like barbecue, terrine noodles, Siwawa and fried field snails, etc. By the way, don't forget to eat the tasty Huaxi Wang beef noodles.Recommended Restaurants
Siheyuan restaurant,featuring big, red Lanterns and brick-and-timberwork rural houses with tile roofs, offers real-flavor Guizhou dishes as well as first-class service to the customers at home and aboard.
Fumanlou restaurant is located in Maotai Mansion on the bustling Cinanmen Road in Guiyang City. The restaurant enjoys an easy transportation, with less than 1 kilometer to the railway station and the stations of No. 5, 6, 7, 23, 64 and 82 buses right in front.
Zongjiang Laochuancai restaurant is located in Meitan Mansion on the Beijing Road in Guiyang City. Decorated uniquely and luxuriously, the restaurant offers real-flavor Sichuan-Chongqing dishes, especially Chongqing fire pot (chafing dish) as well as other famous dishes to cater to different tastes.
Shopping Areas in Guiyang
(I) The Main Shopping Streets
Zhonghua Lu Shopping Street
(II) Guiyang Supermarkets
Da Chang Long on Jiefang Lu, Hualian on Yanwu Jie and Numart on Dusi Lu have become part of Guiyang people’s daily life. Specialties in Guiyang can be found quite easily in these supermarkets.
(III) Guiyang Market and Department Stores
Qian Cui Hang
Qian Yi Bao
Bird and Antique Market
Wal-Mart (People's Square Branch)
Guiyang Department Store
Golden Phoenix Tower
The Friendship Mansion
Guiyang Cultural Relic Store
On entering the gate of the temple, you will see the Bell Tower and the Drum Tower on both sides. The bronze bell weighs more than 3,000 Jin in Chinese measurement (equal to about 3,300 pounds), and was cast in 1469 during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
In the first hall named Heavenly King Hall, you can see the statues of Maitreya Buddha and the four Heavenly Kings. On the walls there are also steles of sutra and colorful paintings. The second main hall is the Bodhisattva Hall dedicated to Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara with 32 arms. In the third hall named Mahavira Hall there are gilded statues of Sakyamuni and the 18 Arhats. There's also a jade Buddha statue from Rangoon, the capital of Burma. It is 1.5 meters high and weighs 900 kilograms. The statue looks beneficent but solemn, and it stands among more than 10 other jade statues of Bodhisattva and Maitreya.
Besides these superb halls, the temple is also adorned with galleries, pools, and springs, which are of high artistic value.
The park was named for the Qianling Mountain, which is the most famous mountain in southern Guizhou. As one of the noted attractions on the Guizhou plateau, it boasts clear water, green mountains, tranquil forests and old temples. Inside the park, trees verdantly grow and streams gurgle down into the valley. There is a "holy fountain" up the mountain whose water is so clean that local people consider it coming from the heaven. The flowing steams from the fountain and the mist surrounding the forest make it one of the greatest eight scenic spots in Guiyang. The lake of Qiangling lies at the foot of the mountain like a green pearl. Trees and pavilions are seen around the lake, which constitutes a peaceful and elegant atmosphere for the visitors. More than 500 energetic and enchanting macaques live in the mountain in the park and this add to the features of the park.
About 1500 kinds of trees and flowers as well as 1000 kinds of herbs have been found there in the Qianling Mountain. And there are gregarious macaques and flocks of birds too. Visitors may go up the winding path to the Hongfu Temple up the hill. This temple is one of the most famous Buddhism temples in Guizhou province, which is first built in the year 1672. On the way to the temple, up in the sharp cliffs, stone inscriptions can be seen here and there. Among them, the most notable one is the 6.2-meter-high and 3.7-meter-wide Chinese character of "Tiger", which was written by a man called Zhao Dechang in the year 1860. Its calligraphy is skillful and unique and is of high history value. Up on the top of the mountain, there is a pavilion, which overlooks the whole city. Down at the foot of the mountain, lies the mirror-like lake of Qianling. On its bank, among the trees, stands a memorial for the martyrs who died during the war of liberation of Guizhou Province.
Jiaxiu Tower is a magnificent 3-level pavilion about 20 meters high. Its turnup eaves and white stone pillars are well carved and preserved. Located in water, connected by the Fuyu Bridge (Floating Bridge) at two banks, the tower has green tiles, red pillars, engraved windows and white stone parapets, which makes it superb and striking. Ascending the tower, visitors can get a good view of the surrounding scenery.
The tower has a long history. During the Ming dynasty (1573-1620), the local majesty, Jiang Dongzhi, ordered to build a causeway at where the tower locates today, linking to the southern bank of the Nanming River. Later a pavilion was built to honor the first scholar of the time and hoped that would encourage more scholars to follow the example. Thus the tower was named "Jiaxiu tower", which means "First Sholar's Tower". In 1621, the original pavilion was burnt in a fire and the stadholder of the time made it rebuilt. In 1689, it was destroyed again, and then, Majesty Tianwen rebuilt it again. So far, the tower has been reconstructed 6 times. For 400 years, it has become the symbol of the city, witnessing the history as well as the future of the development of the Guiyang city.Huaxi Park
Huaxi Park belongs to the Huaxi scenic spot area, which is 350.5 square kilometers in total. The most beautiful feature is the clear streams winding through hills and the flowers providing beautiful displays throughout the four seasons of the year.
Scenic attractions of the park are centred on the four small and exquisite hills: Unicorn, Phoenix, Turtle and Snake. The Unicorn Hill is the major one of the four. It resembles the shape of a prancing unicorn. On the top of the hill, stones of various shapes stand upright like the horn of the unicorn. Yitianting pavilion is built up there, pointing up to the sky and provides a panoramic view of the park.
The water of Huaxi River is clear and clean. Flowers bloom all year round in the park. Boats are available in the park for visitors to rent. A boat tour offers views of beautiful landscapes along the entire river. Visitors also can take a rest at pavilions or terraces under the shade of trees and enjoy the peaceful atmosphere of rurality.
The scenic resort area covers 15 square kilometers. It centers on a clear pool surrounded on all sides by steep cliffs covered with green trees. Tianhe Pool is a typical naturally sunken pit of calcified rocks. The scenic area has four major sections, including a clacified stalactite waterfall, the Xiangba Trench, a water cavern and a dry one, each with its own characteristic features.
There are two natural limestone caves in the cliffs. One of them is a treasure house of stalactites of different images. The 210-meter wide stalactite waterfall is the widest of the kind in China. Roaring waters from the hill create caves of different sizes and shapes. When the waters are abundant, they are like jumping tigers and running horses; when the waters are not so powerful, mists from the river fly at the gust of wind. The 100-step stone bridge over the Wolong Lake cast its reflections in the mirror-like water. All constitutes beautiful scenery in the Chinese painting.
Hongfeng Lake is an artificial lake on the Guizhou Plateau, built in 1958 when the reservoir was under constrution. A lot of maple trees grow around the lake on the mountain, and the lake takes its name since these maple trees' leaves turn red every fall.
The scenic area is made up of four parts: the North Lake, the South Lake, the Rear Lake and the minority ethnic villages, each radiating its unique charm.
Hongfeng Lake can be appreciated at four different seasons. In spring, visitors may enjoy the blooming of the flowers; in summer, visitors may play with the clear and clean water; in autumn, the trees will display various colors; and in winter, flocks of birds will make it a good place to visit.
There are some ethnic villages with interesting examples of village architecture in the scenic area, including a DiaoJiaolou (Miao traditional house), a Buyi flagstone house and a Dong drum tower that has a roofed bridge. The drum tower can be reached by boat. In accordance with village custom, visitors will get a warm welcome; they may taste many special ethnic foods and snacks there too. It will be such an interesting experience that they may be reluctant to leave.
Qingyan Ancient Town
Qingyan Ancient Town covers an area of 3 square kilometers. The town retains a lot of historic layout and ancient buildings, from the Ming Dynasty or even Qing Dynasty. In the town, visitors may have the chance to see well-preserved stone-slab lanes, archways, watchtowers and battlements. Now, the ancient town is famous for its "9 temples, 8 shrines, 5 pavilions, 3 caves, 2 ancestral halls, 1 palace and 1 academy". Most of them are well preserved and are worth visiting.
The town is indeed a place made up of stone. Historic relics can be seen almost everywhere. Among its 37 tourist attractions are 9 temples, 8 shrines, 5 pavilions, 3 caves, 2 ancestral halls, 1 palace and 1 academy. There are three ancient archways too. Most of these ancient buildings are exquisitely carved with terrapins, dragons and other traditional Chinese patterns.
This canyon is a newly developed scenic spot. It is 40 km long,with a maximum depth of 250 meters. Inside the canyon, there are more than 80 natural attractions including more than 40 waterfalls.
White-water rafting is the most thrilling attraction for energetic travelers to the canyon. There are numerous fascinating peaks, caves and breathtaking shoals along the river. In the scenic area of Ladder Cliff, the steep banks sandwiching the narrow river appear to have been chopped by a giant axe. At the end of an 800-merte-long funnel-shaped section, the river becomes so narrow that the branches of the trees growing on opposite banks overlap.
Waterfalls of big and small, 48 in total, cascade into the canyon. One of these, Bell Waterfall, is a typical travertine fall. The 30-metre-high rock from where the water gushes down conceals a limestone cave, which allows visitors to "enter the rock" and watch the falling water from within.
Also known as Underground Park, Nanjiao (South Suburb) Park is seven kilometers south of Guiyang. It is one of the developed toristm areas in Guizhou, featuring hills, waters, caverns, and forests. Its 587-metre-long White Dragon Cave displays a wonder world of stunning stalactites.
The White Dragon Cave is the central focus of the park. The cave, a 587-metre-long tunnel, is divided into two sections. A myriad of stone curtains, stone flowers, stone pillars and stalagmites fill the cave, turningh it into an exotic fairytale world. The scenery above the cave is also charming. Hills reflect in the water; water runs around the hill. The beautiful landscape makes the tourists reluctant to leave.Zhenshan Ethnic Village
The village was first built during the Ming Dynasty, with a history of more than 400 years. Three sides of the village are surrounded by water. It is built against the mountains according to the local geological conditions. An ancient castle and barracks have remained largely intact in the village. Three fourths of the residents there are of Buyi nationality and the remaining are mostly of Miao nationality. There are about 120 households and three fouths of them are of Buyi nationality and one fourth of them are Miao people.
Zhen Shan Village is a village of stone, where door frames, paths, roads and even quite a few utensils are all made of stone, and roofs are covered with slate.
Hebin Park covers a total area of 17.1 hectares (or 42.25 acres), with water area of 2.62 hectares (or 6.47 acres) and land area of 14.48 hectares (or 35.78 acres). At the foot of the hill in the south, the limpid river, with old willows stretching far and low along its banks, is good for swimming in summer. In the park, greeted by the green hills and clear waters, the extraordinary towers and pavilions, the beautiful parterre, the serene rearing pond and even the gallery ballroom, you will surely feel relaxed and happy. There are also bamboo buildings in the park such as bamboo garden, bamboo room, bamboo corridor, bamboo pavilion and bamboo fence, giving you a strong rural flavor and making you forget all the worries of the world.
It is located in the northwest suburbs, about 22 kilometers from the downtown area. This is a man-made lake with more than 100 charming islands, covering an area of 83 square kilometers. The scenic area features Karst landscapes and crystal-clear waters. And it has the nickname of "Mini Guilin"(a famous tourism city in China).
There are more than 50 scenic spots here and 23 of them are open to visitors. The best-known ones are Yanbei Gorge, Yanbei Peak, Jinyin Gorge, Mogu Peak, Hongwu Gorge and Hongwu Temple. There are also limestone caves on some of the islands.
Another feature of the lake is the village sites, situated along the lake. In the evenings, when fishermen finish their job and park their boat at the bank, cooking mist rising from the house, it looks like a fine Chinese traditional wash painting.
Guizhou is a key area for railway construction in the country. So far, the section of 227 kilometers within Guizhou Province on the Nanning-Kunming Railway has been launched into service. Construction of the second electrified track of the Shuicheng-Zhuzhou Railway which will include 596 kilometers running through Guizhou and which is to be the largest east-west transportation line in the country is soon to begin. Construction for the Shuicheng-Boguo and Huangtong-Zhijin railways with investment by both the central and local governments will also begin very soon. Once completed, these transportation archeries will further elevate Guizhou's position as a major transportation pivot in southwest China, and benefit the economic development not only in Guizhou but also in neighboring Sichuan and Yunnan provinces.
There are about 1600 public buses running along 108 different bus routes and about 2000 taxies in the city, covering all the city area and the three suburbs. All the buses are self service.
|Map of Guiyang|
Guizhou Province Map