|Dali Travel Information|
Dali in northwest Yunnan is a famous Chinese cultural city and a national scenic zone. A rich heritage dates back to the days when the city was the capital of the kingdoms of Nanzhao and Dali. Dali is a major habitat for the ethnic Bai people, whose folkways are at once time-honoured and distinctive. The ancient city of Dali was first built during the early Ming. There is something tranquil about the streets, and one of them "Foreigners' Street", is, as the name suggests, frequented by foreign visitors shopping or having a good time in teahouses. The pagodas, the mountain and the lake are representative of the serene scenery of Dali. Dali's another attraction is the Butterfly Spring, where the congregation of thousands of butterflies in the fourth lunar month every year is indeed a feast to the eye.
Located northwest of the Yunnan Province, 300 kilo-meters (186 miles) northwest of Kunming, Dali City is the economic and cultural center of the Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture. The area is surrounded by mountains on the east, west, and south, and has the Erhai Lake in its center. Here you will find 25 ethnic minorities, which have created a unique cultural heritage amidst the area's picturesque surroundings.
Cangshan Mountain and Erhai Lake are praised as Dali's leading scenic areas. Most attractions in Dali lie between these two landmarks, such as the Butterfly Spring, and the Three Pagodas of Chongsheng Temple. Ethnic minorities have inhabited Dali for generations, with the Bai Minority making up the majority of Dali's population (65%). The customs of the ethnic minorities bring charm to daily life in Dali. Each spring, celebrations and festivals bring the city to life. Celebrations such as the March Street Festival and Butterfly Fest provide excellent opportunities to learn about local folk customs.
As early as 4,000 years ago, the ancestors of the Bai people settled in the Dali area. In the Second Century AD, it was brought into the territory of the central government of Han Dynasty (206 BC-220AD). Two ethnic states, the Nanzhao State (738-937) in Tang Dynasty (618-907), and the Dali State (937-1253) in Song Dynasty (960-1279), were once established here as well. Throughout the ages, Dali remained an intermediary area linking economic and cultural communications between ancient China and other countries via India. The remains of Dali Tai He City and the Dali Ancient City bear witness to thousands of years of historic changes in Dali. Together with the Xizhou Town and the Zhoucheng Village, the ancient towns in Dali show the best of historic customs of daily life within the Bai Minority.
Present day Dali is a city that combines history with modern convenience. It is divided into two areas- the Ancient City and the New District (widely known as Xiaguan). The Ancient City is centered around the ancient city of Dali, first built in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). Ancient buildings, city walls and the old city moat are the sites most frequented by visitors. The famous Foreigner Street in the Ancient City attracts visitors with its handicrafts, and local culinary delicacies. Xiaguan, located to the south of the Ancient City, home to the government of the Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture. Here hotels, public squares, and shopping centers add modernity to the otherwise historical city.
Throughout its years of development, local endeavors for advancement have been rewarded with a great rise in area living standards. Nowadays, Dali is a tourist destination replete with every convenience in transportation and public facilities, making it accessible for visitors from home and abroad.
Dali City is the place of the capital of the Dali Bai Nationality Autonomous State, is the politics, economy, cultural center of the whole state. The Dali Bai Nationality Autonomous State locates in west-central in Sichuan Province. The east part connects with the Chuxiong Yi Nationality Autonomous State, the south part connects with the area of Simao and Linchang, the west part connects with the Baoshan Special Area and the Nujiang Lili Nationality Autonomous State and the north part connects with the area of Lijiang River.
Dali State is 398 kilometers far away from Kunming which is the capital of the Yunnan Province. The total area of the state is 29459 square kilometers, the population is about 3,330,000. There are total 25 nationalities; it is a frontier town which is based mainly on the Bai Nationality and is an area of living together with minorities. The whole state governs 11 counties and one city, which are Dali City, Yangbi Yi Nationality Autonomous Country, Xiangyun Country, Yichuan Country, Midu Country, Nanjian Yi Nationality Autonomous Country, Weishan Yi Nationality and Hui Nationality Autonomous Country, Yongping Country, Yunlong Country, Eryuan Country, Jianchuan Country and Heqing Country.
For long time, each nationality inshore gets along with each other friendly; they together created the brilliancy and glitter civilization history of Dali. In the Dali State, the history is long, the culture is flourishing, the mountains are beautiful, the cultural object historic monument constellate. And gather four honours of the excellent tour city in China, the scenery famous spot area, the history cultural famous city and the natural protection sanctuary in the whole body.
The scenery of the four seasons in Dali like paintings, in many scenery famous spots, they are most famous for four views of breeze, flower, snow and moon and fascinating. In further, Dli will become the center city of business and tour in west of Yunnan.
According to archaeological discoveries around Erhai Lake, Dali was inhabited long ago. A brilliant Neolithic and Bronze culture was subsequently created, signifying Dali as the earliest cultural cradle of Yunnan.
Before the Qin Dynasty (221BC-206BC) predominated in this region, there are many tribes scattered in Dali, leading an agricultural and nomadic life. During the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD), Dali encountered Central China and India as it was an important transfer station of the South Silk Road from Sichuan to India.
There were six tribes rising in early Tang Dynasty (618-907), historically called Six Zhaos. Among these tribes was the Nanzhao (Mengshe Zhao) which grew most rapidly in power. In 738, it unified the other five Zhaos and was granted the title of Yunnan King by the Tang emperor. A great many sites of the Nanzhao State period are still in existence, including the Tai He City in northern Dali (the early capital of Nanzhao State), Nanzhao Dehua Stele, grottoes in Shizhong Mountain and Qianxun Pagoda of the Three Pagodas in Chongsheng Temple. Later, the senior governor of Tonghai, Duan Siping, breached Xia Guan with tribes in eastern Yunnan in the late 9th century and was titled Yunnan Senior Governor and Dali King by the Song (960-1279) Court. Dali was the political, economic and cultural center of Yunnan from the 8th to 13th century, as well as a vital window of cultural exchanges and commercial trade between China and the Southeast Asia.
However, since the Yuan Troop conquered Dali in 1253, the political center of Yunnan moved to Kunming. Dali, together with Yunnan was under the control of the central regime ever since. As an autonomous prefecture, Dali was established in 1956 with Dali City as the center.
The history of Dali State is long, as early as in 109 B.C., there were 5 counties that were Yeyu which is Dali now, Yunnan which is Xiangyun now, Xielong which is Weishan now, Bishu which is Yunlong and Cuitang which is parts of regions of Caojian of Yunlong and Baoshan. They were governed by Yi State. Bonan Country which belonged to Yongchang was established in Yongping Country in 69 A.D. In the March of 225 A.D., after Zhuge Liang fight in Yunnan, established Yunan country which governed 7 countries, there were 3 countries which were Yunan, Xielong and Yeyu in Dali State. There were 3 countries which were Bonan, Bishu and Shitang in Yongchang country. There were 6 countries in Dali State. In the period of Jin Dynasty, Yunping Country which belonged to Yunnan country was established in Yichuan Country, at that time, there were 7 countries in Dali State. In the South and North Dynasty, Dongheyang Country was established in region of the east of Eel Lake and Yichuan Country of Dali City, it belonged to Dongheyang country. At that time, there are 3 counties which were Xiheyang, Dongheyang and yunnan and 8 counties which were Yunnan, Xielong, Yeyu, Bonan, Bishu, Jingtan, Yunping and Dongheyang in Dali State.
In Sui Dynasty, the Yuexi State was established in Dali, the countries didn¡¯t change. At the beginning of Tang Dynasty, the Manager Mansion of Nanning State was established in Dali, Dali belonged to the Manager Mansion of Nanning State. The Manager Mansion of Nanning State was discarded and Dali belonged to the Dudu Mansion of Rong State in 627 A.D. The Dudu Mansion of Yao State was established; Dali belonged to the Dudu Mansion of Yao State in 664 A.D. There were many states established that are Langqiong State which is Eryuan now, Dengfu State which is Dengchuan of Eruan Country now, Yuexi State, Shahu State, Yanggua State, Mengshe State which is in Weishan and Nanjian now, Shuangzhu State, Jiangdong State which is Midu now, Kuangchong State which is Xiangyun now, Zeng State which is Fengyi now, Jikang State in the region of Dali. At the beginning of Tang Dynasty, in the region of Eel Lake in Dali, six bigger tribes appeared at the same time, which were called Six Zhao in the past, they were Mengshe Zhao which was also called Nan Zhao because it was the west of six Zhao, Mengshou Zhao, Shilang Zhao, Langqiong Zhao, Dengfu Zhao and Yuexi Zhao. In 737 A.D., under the support of Tang Dynastic, Nan Zhao unified six Zhao, built up the political power of the Nan Zhao and belonged to Tang Dynasty, it was the same as Tang Dynasty, there were 13 emperors of Nan Zhao, it had 253 years from 649 A.D. to 902 A.D. If from 737 A.D. when Nan Zhao was established, it had 165 years.
In Song Dynasty, a person whose last name was Duan built up the Dali Country, which belonged to Song. It lasted 317 years from 936 A.D. to 1253 A.D. There were 3 brief places of country of political power which were Dachanghe Country, Datianxing Country and Dayining Country before Dali Country. In Yuan Dynasty, Yunnan Province was established, the political center of Yunnan moved to Kunming from Dali. At the beginning of Yuan Dynasty, Dali set Dalishangwanhu Mansion and Dalixiawanhu Mansion, they are equal to first-degree organization of state now, later they were chang Dalilu. The Junmin Mansion of Heqing Road which governed Jianchuan Country was established in Heqing. In Ming Dynasty, there were 3 mansions which were Dali, Menghua and Heqing, 4 states which were Binchuan, Yunlong, Zhaozhou and Dengchuan, 6 countries which were Taihe, Langqiong, Yunnan, Jianchuan, Dingbian and Yongping, 1 Shierzgangguansi which is Chuchang of Xiangyun now in Dali State. In Qing Dynasty, basic hand down the mansion, state and County of the Ming Dynasty, Dingbian Country which is Nanjian now that belonged the Chuxiong Mansion was given to Menghua Mansion which is Weishan now.
In 1914, cut the mansions and states as counties, there were 12 countries in Dali State. They were Dali, Fengyi, Eryuan, Jianchuan, Heqing, Yunlong, Yongping, Yangbi which was established lately, Menghua, Midu which was established lately, Xiangyun and Binchuan. At the late period of Minguo, 3 administration specialist official bureaus were established in now Weishan, Dali and Heqing. Weishan governed the most countries of region of Linchang, Dali governed the most countries of Dali State and Heqing governed the countries of region of Lijiang River.
In January of 1950, in the Dali and Menghua each established the Dali specialty area specialist official bureau and the Shenxi people administration specialist official bureau receives to turn the area office, which belonged to the people's government of Yunnan Province. The Dali specialty area governed Dali, Dengchuan, Eryuan, Fengyi, Yangbi of Binchuan, 7 counties of Yongping and the Xiaguan area; The Menghua area office governed Menghua, cancel to receive to turn to do the place particularly, merge to establish the Dali specialty area specialist official bureau with Dali specialty area, allot Mianning and Jingdong 2 counties to think the Simao specialty area, take Menghua, Shunning and Yunxian 3 counties in Dali specialty area, at the same time, take the Yunlong of Baoshan specialty area , Xiangyun, Mindu of Chuxiong specialty area to Dali specialty area.
In 1956, take Yunxian, Fengqing to the region of Linchang, take Heqing, Jianchuan to Dali specialty area. In November of 1956, canceled the Dali specialty area and established the Dali Bai Nationality Autonomous State. In 1965, cut the south region of Weishan County, established Yi Nationality Autonomous Country of Nanjian. In 1983, Dali Country and Xiaguan City were mergered to establish Dali City. In 1985, cancel the Yangbi County, establish the Yi Nationality Autonomous Country of Yangbi. In 1997, the Dali Bai Nationality Autonomous State governed 1 city and 11 countries which were Dali City, Yi Nationality Autonomous Country of Yangbi, Xiangyun Country, Binchuan Country, Mindu Country, Yi Nationality Autonomous Town of Weishan, Yongping Country, Yunlong Country, Eryun Country, Jianchuan Country and Heqing Country.
|Best Time to Visit||
Dali belongs to the low latitude plateau monsoon climate, the Changing of seasons are not obvious, the annual range of temperature is small, the average air temperature of year is 15 degrees of Celsius, there is no obvious sever cold and intense hot, cold and hot are just right, the four seasons like spring. Because it is in the Plateau of Shenzhong, it is raining season after July.
A lot of festivals and grand occasions of the Bai Nationality are mainly between March and April of every year, visiting at this time; you will feel the heavy race romantic feeling. Sing:" In March Dali is glory", the best tour time is from March to May, regardless going to the Gucheng of Dali, or ascend the Chang Mountain and visit the Eel Lake, it is very good.
Moreover, when after the rain of the crossing of summer and autumn, the air temperature descend very quickly, there is the parlance of" a rain become autumn" in the region, so you come to visit in Dali in that time and had better take up a few dress of autumn in order to prevent catching cold.
Having a plateau monsoon climate at low latitudes, Dali's weather fluctuates each season but with an annual mean temperature ranging from 12℃ to 19 ℃ (54℉-66℉). As such, Dali is a favorite tourist destination all year round. Due to its higher altitude, Dali is slightly colder than Kunming. Its rainy season begins in June and last till October. The hottest days are in July with average temperature of 22℃ (72℉) while the coldest in January at 8℃ (46℉). Thanks to its higher altitude, Dali enjoys bright sunshine which is most welcome during the winter months.
Although the difference in temperature is not great throughout the year but spring is usually deemed as the best season to visit Dali. There are local songs eulogizing the scenic beauty of Dali's spring. Wherever one goes at this time of the year, one can enjoy the most beautiful sceneries of Dali. When summer turns into autumn, the temperature falls dramatically, especially if it rains. Hence, warmer clothing is required during that period.
There are many ethnic minorities in Dali. Consequently, many festivals and celebrations of each of these minorities follow. For instance, the Bai minority group holds their celebration in March and if one visits Dali during that month, one will be able to witness the joyous mood all around. People are friendly and hospitable but visitors must be aware and thus avoid ethnic taboos.
The Torch Stanza of Bai Nationality in Dali
The Torch Stanza is Chinese traditional race festival that many national minorities all lead in southwest of China, the time is generally from 24th to 26th of June of the lunar calendar, Bai Nationality and Yi Nationality lead the most solemn and impressive and earnest. The Bai Nationality in the region of Dali leads June 24th, the Yi Nationality in the region of Dali leads June 25th. In this day of festival, the Jiaoshia of each village hold a big torch, put on to write to" produce good" up," the country and people are peace"," the breeze adjusts and rain agreeable" etc. the size of the good luck language rises the baskets and the many colors flags, pin up the fruits, such as torch pear and premium...etc. and the steamed stuffed bun plain wheat rolls. Before get dark, each family supports the old and carries young to round the big torch, begging the peace.
According to the historical records, the torch stanza belongs to the fire adoration, the torch stanza was called" the new fire stanza" in the past, because the fire is the symbol of bright, represent the ideal and hopes. It should be in the period of the ancient tribe firstly, the ancient people took to material for new fire, re- started a fire, the purpose was for driving out the old and bring in the new and letting fire put out never.
The Visiting Mountain Meeting in the Chicken Foot Mountain
The Chicken Foot Mountain is the famous mountain of Buddhism, from 1st to 15th of January of Chinese calendar every year is the Visiting Mountain Meeting. While the people of each nationality all go to the Chao Mountain, beg the country and people are peaceful and enjoy the landscape of the Chicken Foot Mountain, people should reach every temple, in the period of visiting the mountain, there are so many visitors and believers, the songs and jokes are everywhere, it is very noisy, people all go to the Jin Top of Chicken Foot Mountain to watch the sunrise, particularly in the morning of January 15th of Chinese calendar, there are more people to watch the sunrise.
The Visiting Mountain Meeting in the Weibao Mountain
The time of the Visiting Mountain Meeting in the Weibao Mountain is from 1st to 15th of February of Chinese calendar every year. While the people of each nationality in the neighboring area wear own race clothing, keeping in mind the pleased mood to the Visiting Mountain Meeting in the Weibao Mountain to attend the meeting. The civil hole of Wei Mountain gives ancient and grace musical performance in each palace, increasing the charming color to the famous mountain and ancient temple.
The song meeting of Weibao Mountain is from 13th to 14th of February of Chinese calendar. The address is the Dage Field of Weibao Mountain. The people of Yi Nationality in near villages wear the gorgeous race clothing, take the musical instruments such as Gusheng etc., gather in the Dage Field, round the circles, hold the singing activity, they sing the love and the happy life. The people of Yi Nationality worship the ancestors in Xunshan Palace and hold the singing activity for celebrating Xinuluo from 14th to 15th of January of Chinese calendar every year.
The song meeting in Shibao Mountain
In last three days in July of Chinese calendar every year, dozens of thousand people of Bai Nationality in Jianchuan and near Yunlong, Eryuan, Lanping, Heqing, Lijiang etc. gather together without booking in the countryside of Shizhong Temple, Baoxiang Temple, Haiyun Temple and Jinting Temple in Baoshi Mountain in Jianchuan. At the front of solemn idols in peaceful temple, they sing the madrigal of Bai Nationality, the main form is to sing.
It lasts several hours for short and several days and nights for long. The parable of their lyrics is deep, the language of expression is sharp, and the poetry is heavy and full of wit and humors. Test the behavior of the other party towards arriving the underground, from time immemorial to arrive nowadays from the sky, test the farm work knowledge, test the current news policy; Test to the attitude etc. of the love, also test the wisdom and ability, memory of a singer, to the speed of the song, until the other party answer does not come up. This kind of to song meeting, not only want the other party thought concentrate, audience but also all hold the heart quiet interest, small and soft tasty, sometimes will discard to forget the food unexpectedly. Some young and single men and women's singer, pass to the song, still became the life-long companion.
The civil strange skill--Raosanling
Raosanling which is the traditional civil grand occasion of people of Bai Nationality in Dali is from 23rd to 25th of February of Chinese calendar every year. In this days, people of Bai Nationality in countries near Dali dress up to attend. Sanling is the capital of Buddha which is Chongsheng Temple, the capital of deity which is Shengyuan Temple and the capital of celestial being which is Jinkui Temple. Raosanling means visiting the three temples.
The crowds who attend the Raosanling gather and set out to arrive at the Shengyuan Temple in Qingdong Village to live in the first day, arrive at the Xizhou to live in the second day, arrive at the Hejun Village to live in the third day, arrive at the Majiuyi to dismiss in the fourth day, go from the foot of Ji Mountain to the side of Eel Lake. There are mountain, water and woods in your journey, the route and the locations of living all choose very fitting.
The procession of Raosanling of Bai Nationality is very sublime. In the daytime, crowds who attend the Raosanling all constitute some small groups freely, being constituted long and long two boulevard processions by some small groups again.
In the evening, the crowds who attend the Raosanling light the fire to burn the tea and cook rice in camp in countryside and forests of neighborhood. After meal, the old men drink the tea simultaneously and play simultaneously loudly three-stringed, sing Daben Song with characteristics of Bai Nationality. The youth men and women then invite up their friends, arrive at the deep place of forest to talk the feeling love until early dawn.
When Raosanling, the melody and lyric are made impromptu. See what sing what, the other people how to ask then how answer. But there also are some melody which must be sang, such as Chumen melody, Hualiu melody, Chaoshan melody, Dyihua, Tanwugeng etc. The contents are abundant and colorful.
The race grand occasion--the March Street
The March Street lasts about a week and start on 15th of March of Chinese calendar, it is not only the supplies exchanges grand occasion of the people of Bai Nationality, but also is a festival of celebrating reunion of people of Bai Nationality once a year. The March Street is held on time in Dongluan in Changshan and the west of Dali City. In this period, the businessmen gather and the goods accumulate, the people of each nationality all take the best handicraft products and the local special products to sell in the March Street, take the best literature program to present in the March Street, pick the best to ride to attend the horse-racing.
The history of March Street in Dali is long, it is said that it has already for more than 1000 years. March Street was the temple fair of teaching the sutra by Buddhism in the past, later, because Dali was the strategic area of Dali and India, along with the demand of the social and economic development, turn into gradually the trade market and the festival grand occasions with the strong race color. And it had the scale of equal grand view in the past.
Up to now, the prosperity of March Street grand occasion is prosperous to have already canned compare in former days not, its movable contents are more abundant and colorful. There are more than 20 provinces, cities, autonomous regions and foreign friends of several ten nations to attend this grand occasion, the population is over a million in the session, the total amount of trade is near ten million, the big animals are more than ten thousand, the species of the medicine material appear on market up to thousand. There are not only state-run companies, collective, individual business, business enterprise of each city and country in Dali State but also state-owned company units of region inside and outside of the province to attend the supplies exchanges. The visitors who attend the meeting and sightseeing of outside and inside the province are also too much.
March Street is divided into five districts: the general merchandise market, animal market, medicine material market, race court and comprehensive market in the city. The general merchandise market is constitute by more than ten long streets, stores are one by one; The animal market is in the west of the general merchandise market, there is a habit in Dali which is: You feed the animals, if you don¡¯t sell them, you need to take them to March Street to ask the price, so there are so many old farmers, the old farmers who sell and buy the animals are many too. The race court is in the northern side of March Street, house-racing also is the most attractive activity. In the time, the strong riders of Bai Nationality, Yi Nationality, Tibetan, Hui Nationality, Miao Nationality etc. in the west of Yunnan gather, treating only a the order, the horses run away, it is very sublime.
The local people who attend the meeting in March Street all like to go around the Chinese medicine material market which sends various of flavor of Chinese medicine and buy several Chinese medicine to get ready for using in the four seasons. The stands in the medicine material market increase and do not reduce in the recent years. In addition to the street field at the foot of mountain, the Gucheng in Dali also is noisy uncommon. There are each race literature performance and the athletics activities in the cultural building and stadium. The Huashantai drew on a few audiences, there are several thousand families who grow flowers, there are famous flowers and grass put at the front of each house to be enjoyed and bought for people. The stands and stores are no less than in the March Street. At night, the lights put together, various folk song sings on stage towards sing, the Daben Song is sang for all night till dawn. The March Street in Dali likes the Nadamu of Mongol, Wangguo Festival of Tibetan, and the splash water stanza of Dai Nationality, is really a race carnival that is filled with the intense emotion.
The most of the best restaurants of Dali are in the Gucheng. If you want to enjoy the delicacies of Dali, you can go to the Huguo Road in Gucheng. There are western meal coffee parlors with special features of minority such as Bai Nationality, Tibetan etc. which are everywhere. There are still many foreign visitors.
In the Huguo Road, many restaurants sell western meals and Chinese food, the visitors can taste the food of the taste of Yunnan and the local dishes of Bai Nationality.
Lengdongbaidoufuyu is chosen to use the carp or Ji Fish which are the special products of Eel Lake and the white bean curd to make. Its method of creation is: Have the fish cut stomach, throw away the scale hull and wash clearly, put in the pot where there is oil and the clear water first, then put into just the right amount of the condiment such as table salt, hot powder, wild pepper, flour, sauce etc. to boil. After fish cook, then put the white bean curd cut the small square pieces into the pot to boil for a short moment together, then ladle up the fish and the bean curd soup into the basin or the bowl, place in the well ventilated cabinet of cabinet for natural frozen, the next day you can eat. This kind of Lengdongbaidoufuyu is subtle fragrance, cool and delicious.
Huoshuizhuhuoyu, elf evident, it means to boil the hoof fish with the flowing water. The people of Bai Nationality in Dali eat the fish to pay attention to the water to live and the fresh fish. The method of boiling fish is popular generally in fishing boat or the villages near the Eel Lake.
The method of Huoshuizhuhuoyu is: After boiling the oil in the pot, take the flowing water which is water of Eel Lake, the water of river or the water of well into pot, after boiling the oil and water, put the fishes which have been tip the hull and cleaned in to the pot, then put the sour papaya slice, hot pepper, table salt, bean curd, spring onion, the ginger slice, boil to make with the intense fire first after it seethe, then use the text fire to boil slowly. After cooking it, you can put it into the big bowl and eat it.
Huoshuizhuhuoyu keeps the original flavor and the juice of the fish, the fish is delicate, the flavor of soup is fresh, hot and delicious, the nourishment is abundant, and so it becomes a delicacy good dinner that the people of Bai Nationality entertain guest with.
Suanlayu of Bai Nationality
The Eel Lake of Dali is called the bright pearl of the plateau, not only the landscape is beautiful, and the resources of fish are very abundant. The people of Bai Nationality like to eat fish from time immemorial; the method of eating and the technique of cooking to the fish have special features very much. The sour and hot fish is a kind of them.
The creation method of the sour and hot fish is: Tip the gill and internal organs of the live fish, after boiling the oil in the pot, set the fish inside the pot, join the water, put into the spring onion, ginger, the dry hot pepper powder, the table salt, drop into just the right amount of sour vinegar, add into the tender bean curd, then boil with the intense fire, then boil slowly with the little fire. The characteristics of the sour and hot fish is: The condiment is put specially heavy, the flavor of fish soup is thick and salty, eating is sour and hot, no bit gamey smell, enjoy in retrospect feeling of the fresh and sweet, is a delicacy good dinner that the people of Bai Nationality entertain guest with.
It is the valuable plant in High Mountain which is the special product in Chang Mountain of Dali, which was produced on the Peak of Chang Mountain that is called the Dragon Pond or the Pond of Washing Horses at first and the elevation is more than 3500 meters. There have already been the farmers of Bai Nationality to plant them in the vegetable plot of Shanmi.
Gaohecai is often used to corn the salty vegetables. The creation method is easy, wash the fresh Gaohecai clearly, after burned with the boiled water, add the sesame, the ginger silk, after immersing to mix with the hot scented ointment then edible, it also can be put into the bottle to seal completely, it can keep the half a year but constant flavors. The Gaohecai has the pharmacology functions, such as opening stomach and purring absolute ...etc. It is the famous special product of donation and inviting the friends and relatives from other parts of country.
The big Cilingjiao mainly are produced in fresh water lakes such as Eel Lake, West Lake, Sword Lake, Huabi Lake etc. The big reason stab the caltrop lord produce in Eel Lake, West Lake, Sword Lake, spend the bluish green lake of main fresh water lake of etc. Sproutlace the long leaf in spring annually, the leaves float in the surface, leaves' side grows the teeth of a saw, petiole the central part is more the both ends fatty big; Bloom in summer, the flower is small and the color is white, present four petal flower petals. The autumn is high to annoy and the great seasonal changes, the water caltrop in water are solid clusters of, it is a seasonal changes that picks the caltrop, the caltrop cortex that is at this time is strong and tough to living also delicate stab, clean the fresh caltrop that picks to come, then boil a short moment with the boiling water after, go to the skin hull then edible; The caltrop is flesh and white that is at this time delicate, sweet food, it is a widespread and favorite food of the people of Bai Nationality.
It is a kind of unusual life style that the people of Bai Nationality kill the pigs and eat meat in some places such as Dali, Eryuan etc. At the time of holidays and New Year or wedding and funeral, the people of Bai Nationality all kill the pigs and eat meat, the method which they kill the fatty pig with is special. The method is: After slaughter the fatty pigs, roast the fatty pigs with the rice straw or the poles in the water well side, one person stirs up the breeze with the dustpan, helping the fire with the breeze, anther person uses two sticks to turn the rice straw ever and anon, letting the rice straw fire burn the whole fatty pig burned black. Then flush the pig body with the well water, counteract to kill the pig knife to pare off burned black of furriery to go to, the fatty pig that pass by to pare off to wash is whole to present the golden color, and send forth a pure flavor. Carry on opening the belly to break the belly finally, cut the fatty pigs into some pieces, wait to cook edible or the afterbirth make into the cured pork to need the food. This is" the fire roast pig meat" of the people of Bai Nationality. The flavor is subtle fragrance good to eat, have no gamey smell of soup pork.
Shutoucai fry ham
Shutoucai a kind of wild vegetables which are produced in mountain area like Yangbi, Yongping, Yunlong, Heqing etc. of Dali. The shape likes Xiangchun, which is a delicate point of a kind of umbrella form that stabs the rattan tall tree, fatty, big, fresh and delicate, it is general picked up to eat in spring. The creation method of Shutoucai fry ham is easy. Boil the Shutoucai with the boiling water very hot go to its bittern firstly, after wash clearly, cut to pieces, adds the ham and eggs to fry, then you can eat it, its flavor is fresh and joss-stick, take slightly bitter and astringent, it has the health care function of purring hot antidotal.
The nourishment of Luohuang is abundant; it is the first-class dish which is entertained guests by the people of Bai Nationality in the region of Eel Lake in Dali. The method of eating is diverse, you can boil the soup, freeze and fry. But the method of eating with the most special features is to fry, it is: After wash clearly the fresh Luohuang, fry the Luohuang and ham for a short moment, at this time the ham is yellow. The flavor and joss-stick are good, eating it let persons be full of praise.
Shaguoyu in Dali
The people of Bai Nationality eat the fish flavor at" fresh". Shaguoyu in Dali which is known in the whole province is to use the bow fish or carps that are in Eel Lake to be as the raw material, go together with dozens kinds of assist to anticipate, boil them in the sand pot which is the special product in Baiyun Country then become the famous dish of Bai Nationality. Boil the Shaguoyu is to pay attention to flexible. The hotels which sell the Shaguoyu in Dali all establish a stone water jar in the store hall, feed the fish, go again to process the creation after choosing from the customers. When boiling, you should tip the scales, cut the stomach and wash clearly, wipe the humidity with the towel, put on the refined salt up in the stomach wall, preserve them in salt for more than ten minutes, then put into the sand pot of the prosperous and last soup to cook, put the squid slice, sea cucumber, hoof, dried shrimp, mushroom, magnolia slice, delicate chicken slice, ham slice, fresh bean curd slice, cabbage heart, red carrot...etc. that likes into the hair to assist to anticipate immediately after and successively and condiment, connect the pot to carry last, because of going together with to anticipate diverse, the heat preservation of sand function is good, the fish soup inside the pot is vacillating, the fresh joss-stick comes into nostrils, stirring appetite. At this time take advantage hot to eat it, the fresh meat of soup is delicate, the flavor is beautiful and tasty, the nourishment is abundant, the color, joss-stick, the flavor are good.
Xizhou, which is a village of Bai Nationality and locates at the beach of the Eel Lake, is the place of a scenery beauty. Xizhou Fish is made by the local people of Bai Nationality, the flavor is particularly fresh and beautiful, having the strong agrestic taste. The Xizhou Fish chooses the Huangkei fish of Eel Lake to boil. This fish rather like carp, the head is small, the scale is thin, the meat is many and stabs is little, it is fresh and delicate. Tip the scale of the Huangke fish, after cut stomach and wash clearly, cut into pieces, put it into the bowl, add the salty sauce, the small Goxiang powder, Eight-Capes powder and rice wine, pickle for half an hour of refined salt. Then put the sand pot on the prosperous fire, infuse into the familiar lard, fry the garlic petal, put into the spring onion segment, the ginger a powder pot, then put into the width of figure ham slice, water delivers the mushroom to fry, infuse into soup, put into the fish pieces to boil for 20 minutes, join the monosodium glutamate, the hot pepper oil then you can eat it. The fresh flavor of fish is thick; the joss-stick is hot and good to eat, enjoying in retrospect the everlasting.
Boil the fish in the water of sea
Boil the fish in the water of sea which is made by family of fish of Bai Nationality is also more delicious. If you don¡¯t arrive at the Eel Lake, don¡¯t place yourself on the fishing boat, you can¡¯t taste it. The free time of the fisherman's fishing, stop the boats in the calm bay, rise the charcoal stove on the boat, place up the copper Luo pot, ladle up into the sea water, put into the few refined salt, take the live bow fish to go to the gill and internal organs, not go to the scales, put into the pot to cook, take another big of bowl, put burn of the hot pepper stem, crumple the thin powder into the bowl, then put into the spring onion end, the ginger rice, ladle up to go into the soup of boiling the fish, then burn a bottom of salt a cake of, take advantage the salt burning the red hour to put into the soup system of hot pepper salt adjust to anticipate in order to eat the bow fish. When you eat it, it keeps the original juice and flavor of the fish, it is very fresh and beautiful, the meat is delicate and delicate, nourishment is abundant, it is salty, hot and delicious, and the taste is interesting, making the person difficult to forget.
Guohuayu doesn¡¯t point a certain fish only, which live in the rice paddy in summer and autumn. When the flowers of rice float the joss-stick, they are also mature in the rice. They are fatty and fat, the meat is delicate and the bone is soft. At this time, the people need to lift a colorful plastics bucket only, take a green bamboo basket, trample the curved grass, push aside in the field, and lead the basket along with the farmland water, the Guhua fish are in the basket. Take them to house, use the spring in the deep well to clean, fry the both sides is yellowish brown in pot, chase the boiled water" the intense fire with soup", the folks call" the thunder rolls the pot". Use the sauce seasoning of the red bayberry of the household-use soil a cook system of the east mountain Yi, and take with the local green pepper silk, add the big spring onion and thin ground corianders that become the segments again, it makes the person's desire drop. Only in the year of abundance rain water, the rice food bumper harvest there are just may Guhua fish, so tasting Guhua fish, in fact also is to taste the abundant joy.
The sister seven hot which are special features taste of Xiangyun
The Seven Hot is Hula, Youla, Ladougu, Jianglazi, Doubanjiang, Lalufu and Lasheng.
The making progress of Jianglazi, Lalufu, Doubanjiang and Lasheng is same, put in the pottery bottle to keep over a long period of time after using all with other raw materials to prepare, and then break seal edible. But because of going together with to anticipate each not same, also each taste. Jianglazi use the high-quality fresh hot pepper with the first-class sauce, packing the bottle to immerse for seven to eight months, waiting for the hot pepper to become the oil black bright to eat, its flavor gathers the salty of Sichuan and hot of Yunnan in the integral whole, it is salty, hot and tasty. The Doubanjiang takes frying the soybean as to mainly go together with to anticipate, soybean and do the hot powder to use the sweet white spirit of the gruel quality to mix evenly, put to save in the bottle, wait the soybean hot pepper powder to become deeply red and tiny and purple, it can be ascend the seat then. It is made and kept in autumn, opened in early summer, is the ideal food of solution lack and tired by farmers in hot summer and peak season on a farm in Xiangyun. Lalufu is made of the dry fermented bean curd, rice wine, hot powder, the ginger silks of dry in the airs to save in the jar. It is the simple, kind joss-and hot, remaining flavor is deep long. And the Yebaolafulu is the best. The fatty and thick green vegetables leaves are stained with oil, with anticipates of Lafu to wrap the vegetables leaves into the bottle, call it ¡°the Niuniucai ", hear its name then make the person's of three cents. Lasheng takes Sheng as anticipate, the flavor creates new style in" sister seven hot", slicing to chop thin ground pig bone, bowel belly, the pig a meat...etc., mix to burn the wine, ginger, hot powder, after keeping in the jar for one year, the moment of opening the jia, the oil has already been full. Go into the jia and steam familiar, it likes the cake, so again it has the good reputation of" hot cake ".
¡°hot springs dishes" with special taste
The Eryuan Country of Bai Nationality Autonomous State in Dali is called the hot springs city. There is one soup every ten miles, one spring every five miles. the inshore subterranean heat resources is very abundant, and enrich the little chemical element with potassium, Na, calcium, magnesium, iron...etc. variety human body beneficial, more amazingly of is there is still special" the hot springs dishes". The hot springs egg is also called the Qihuang egg, put the egg in the gauze bag, boil for 20 minutes, familiarly then take out namely, the characteristics of that egg is the egg white to present delicate flower shape, but the egg yolk is hard, the solid, liquid all save, open the eggshell, put sugar into the refined and mix evenly to multiply by the heat to absorb to eat, its flavor is fresh, delicate and tasty, it is real" the good syrup and the jade liquid".
The hot springs chicken, put the delicate chicken to go to the hair and wash clearly, dig to the internal organs, wipe the humidity of the dry chicken body with the gauze, go together with the condiments, such as fresh lard, grass fruit, wild pepper, papaya silk, salt...etc., put into the pottery bottle, not put water, cover completely, put into the hot springs to amount to 24 hours namely familiar, its characteristics: The chicken blood relationship separate, it is fresh, delicate, crispy and very tasty. When smothered chicken to go together with valuable Chinese herbal medicine such as "Sanqi", " the insect grass"," Gastrodiae Rhizoma" etc., it can make into a chicken of medicine of repair the spirit of reinforce body fluid.
Suanlayu in Dali
The sour of white papaya and the special fruit fragrant and tiny sweet and hot of papaya make the sour and hot fish have the endless leisurely long aftertaste; That certainly eating is a dry hot pepper powder and match with bad hot pepper but become hot and sour. The flowing water boils the fresh fish, eat absolutely well to eat.
Now, you want to eat real fish of Eel Lake, you still have to go to the Gold Gulf Hotel of Dali, because that cabaret locates at the side of Eel Lake, the surroundings are all fishing villages, ordering the fish of Eel Lake is very convenient, you arrive at the Gold Gulf Hotel, you absolutely can one satisfied joy of eating, eat the well-known sour and hot fish greatly of Dali.
In Dali, you want to take a few of small unique gifts to go home to send; you don't worry and can find the place easily. In Gucheng or Xiaguan, you can buy marble handicraft products such as Wenfang four treasures, flower pots, vases, lamp etc. which are made of marble.
The Laran and Zharan of Bai Nationality which has the race special features are the loving handicraft articles, they are also everywhere in Gucheng or Xiaguan. The Rushan of Dengchuan in Dali is very famous, which are bought in each miscellaneous store and agriculture trade markets. The Tuo Tea is in Xiaguan, the form likes the mushroom hat, it doesn¡¯t change flavor for long time, the aroma is special, it is bought in each miscellaneous store. The wood carvings of Jianchuan were furnitures, doors and windows, screens...etc. which were made by that civil craftsmen in Jianchuan, they developed some pieces of small handicraft products in the recent years, which are provided for visitors to take, in each handicraft product store selling.
Recommend the shopping places
Huguo Road: It is the ground that visitors necessarily visit, concentrated the various textiles, handicraft products of national minority and special products of Tibet and Yunnan, the visitors can get bonus in the numerous curio stores. At the Butterfly Spring neighborhood, there is a village called Zhoucheng, there are buses and ponies to go there in Gucheng or Xiaguan of Dali, the visitors might go to the home of the village people to see, almost of them each have the small workshop where they make Laran or Zharan. The local carvings of seal are also very good.
he special product in Dali
The Tuo Tea in Xiaguan
It is one of the famous brand products which are produced by the tea factory of Xiaguan in Dali City, the original name is Tuan Tea, it was produced by Fuchunheng Shanghao of Xiaguan in 1902, mainly sell in Xufu of Sichuan which is Yibin now etc. places, make tea with the water of Tuojiang River in Sichuan, the flavor was very good, so it was renamed Tuo Tea. Tuo Tea in Xiaguan is choosed the famous tea as material, which were produced in more than 30 countries such as Linchang, Baoshan, Simao etc. its beginning system craft crumple to make through artificial, the machine compress tightly several work prefaces, the form likes a bowl, the shape is beautiful, the color is black and smooth to show the pure strong fragrance of mille-, aroma. The color of soup is orange and clear, the taste is great back sweet. Often drinking has the health care functions which are to pure heart, clear eyes, perk up sprit, keep skin, suppress the bacteria and treat an illness. Abroad, it is called the losing weight tea, the beauty tea or the longevity tea. In China, Tuo Tea of Xiaguan, the white medicine of Yunnan and the Yun cigarette are praised to be three treasures of Yunnan. Tuo Tea of Xiaguan has gotten the honor of excellent product of province-class for 3 times, the national quantity silver quality prize and food gold prize of world, is given to title of the famous brand of Chinese tea.
It is produced in the area of the foot of Shengying Peak that is also called Dang Mountain and Malong Peak, which is 10 square kilometers in Gantong Temple in the area of Qiliqiao Town in Dali City, it is between the Mochan Brook and Long Brook. Because of having the good geography and climate conditions such as snow mountain, cloud and mist, spring and fertile fields...etc., add the long traditions of growing and making tea, after making the Gantong Tea, the color of soup is light green and pure, the joss-stick of tea is heavy, the taste is sweet, it can made many times, it is the top-class tea for treating the guests. Among them, the Gantong Biyu Tea is the delicacy in the top-class tea. Gantong Tea also is the most impartment tea in three tea of Bai Nationality. Along with the foreign visitors increase continuously, Gantong Tea has been sold out Dali and China.
It is the civil dye handicraft product that is widely accepted in the national minority region of Yunnan, the history is long. The wax dye clothing blend the cultural art of the national minority of Yunnan, there are all kinds of patterns, such as animals, flowers and the scenery famous spots...etc., it is special, novel and generous. The products contain clothing, each kind of hang packs, wall to hang etc.
The race Zharan handicraft products
It is the traditional civil craft product of the Bai Nationality people£¬ the product gathers the culture and art as integral whole, the patterns are constituted with several orderly geometrics, the fabric is careful and full, get material from the images of animals and plants and pattern of the peer¡¯s clothing in the past, which is filled with the living breathing. Zharan is divided into the making flowers and dye. Making flower is method with the firm flower of handicraft that sew for the lord and sew to tie to combine, have the characteristics of the scope of performance extensive, engrave or delicate, change of the everlasting: Influence gradually to adopt the handicraft to influence gradually the craft again and again, become to take the form of flowers as the center, change the exquisite multi-layer dizzy lines, dignified, simple and refined, ancient elegance. Zharan of Bai Nationality in Dali takes the pure Mian cloth, silk Mianchou, Ma yarn, velour of gold, velour of light etc. as the stuff, keep the kind of the traditional Tudianlandibaihua and develop mew kind of colorful Zharan. The products contain up to 100 species such as a color cloth, table runners, door screens, clothing, race wraps, hats, towels, scarf, towels, bed sheets etc.
The Zharan of Yi Nationality in Weishan adopts the natural plant as dyestuff, develop the tradition civil firm flower craft special features, do carefully, certainly elegant, the pattern is much more novel to change, having the characteristics of ancient, cultured, natural and generous, having the higher art enjoying value, and then have the stronger function. The Zharan of Yi Nationality has the series products such as blue dye, colorful dye, appliqu¨¦ etc. The finished products contain table cloth, wall hang, door screens, clothes, skirts, hats, wraps, carpets and several of anticipates of cloth. Customers can accord to several of pattern printed cloth; use to make the dress skirts, the round waists, bedcovers, bed sheets, doors and windows, curtains, a chair hat etc. The dress, skirts, bed sheets, doors and windows, curtains that use the Zharan to wear in the body, hanging indoors, having a lot of ancient and cultured taste.
The wood carving in Jianchuan
The wood carvings in Jianchuan are known for Chinese and Foreign, the Zhang Shengwen Painting Wood Carving of Dali Country in Song Dynasty which was made for the Race Museum of Yunnan and was constituted by 134 pieces of wood carvings, is 97.6 meters long, 1.8 meters high, total 176 square meters, is rated as the national best wood carving. The wood carving of The Dinner Of The End which is the famous painting of da Vinci in the world and the wood carving of Peter, You Feed My Sheep which is the famous painting of Lafer are both have the good evaluation and influences at home and abroad. Sell as far as more than 100 nations and regions such as Japan, America etc.
The cotton paper of Heqing
Its color is white liking cotton, thin liking cicada's wings, the quality is soft to defend the moth, the capability of absorbing water is strong, so have" The paper of Anhui is number one in the world, the paper of Heqing is the best in Yunnan" to say. The papers of Heqing take the bark of Gou Tree as the main material, the fiber is more and long, the syrup rate is high, delicate and pure. The papers are used to transcribe books and write the contract as good material in the past. In addition to the writing paper, there are still the packing appropriative double super papers, its thickness is about 3 times for the writing paper generally or so, tenacity is good, through use for long time and enduring.
Marble and handicraft products
The mining of marble has already been the history of more than 1500 years, mining the marble is generally on the precipice of 25 meters of elevation high in the deep mountain. Adopt the safe measure; adopt the mechanization homework, the marble yield increases greatly. Various of building anticipates which attain specification of international horizontal forerunner just are entering the international market constantly and continuously, sold very well Southeast Asia and all countries of Arabian, change to return a great deal of foreign exchange for the country.
Marble, the stone quality is delicate, can be used for the building materials, also can be used for the carvings. Pass by beating and whetting, smooth such as fat, rear the surprising and beautiful wood grain; as a result it is a kind of first-class material of building and carvings. From time immemorial it was always the material to set up the palaces, temples, the gardens. In the Imperial Palace and Ming Tombs in Beijing, you can also see a great deal of marble. Moreover, the marble were used to the pillar and steps of people's houses broadly by the native crowds. In the area of Dali and Jianchuan, the Yun wood carving flowers furniture which enchase the marble are produced much, because the marble has characteristic of solution hot and spread the hot. Some handicraft products are made of the marble, such as goblet glass stemmed goblets, vases, pencil vases, glossy stone, tea box, ashtray, decoration screen etc. They are lovely and consummate, liked by the Chinese and Foreign guests deeply.
The grass plaiting of Dali
Plaiting straw hats is a traditional handicraft of Bai Nationality crowds in the region of Dali. It is said that there was the straw hat street near the Taihe City in the period of Nanzhao, there is still this street in the Taihe Village of Qiliqiao in Dali City now.
It is the traditional and special handicraft article of Bai Nationality floks in Dali. The Jingui Village of Xizhou in Dali has the long history of making felt, it has already become a special handicraft industry; The wool craftsman of making felt use the all-wool as the raw material to make into the clear water felt, then make into various of colorful felt by dye or the colorful painting. The familiar assortment species contain wrapping felt, the cover mat felt, tent felt, red felt, colorful felt, table felt, chair felt ...etc. They are very welcome by people and popular inside and outside the province.
The ideal location for shopping in Dali must be Foreigner Street in the Ancient City of Dali. This street exhibits an abundance of local specialties. In the dwelling area of the Bai minority group, characteristic handicraft articles of the Bai people can be purchased. Furthermore, supermarkets and shopping malls can also meet visitors' daily necessities.
What to buy
Dali Snow Pear
Owing to the climate and the soil condition of Dali, the pears which grow here are much sweeter in flavor, and have thinner skins and more tender flesh. The main growing area for Dali snow pears is on the eastern side of Erhai Lake. Every August and September in the harvest season, people come from all around to Erhai Lake to pick pears and celebrate the harvest.
Engraved Green Plum
A traditional food of the Bai people is made from dried green plums. These are engraved with various patterns and designs. The fruit can be eaten after months spent soaking in pickling juice made from salt, brown sugar and honey. Having the dual effects of promoting the production of bodily fluids and relieving thirst, as well as displaying artistry, the engraved green plum fruit is both a popular food and a delicate work of art.
The Compressed Tea (Tuo Cha) of Xia Guan
Due to its resemblance to the shape of a fungus, the compressed tea of Xia Guan is called 'Tuo Cha'. It enjoys an excellent reputation for its fragrance and cleansing effects. Xiaguan can promote health by refreshing both body and mind and is also an excellent method used for weight-loss.
The tie-dye of the Bai Minority is usually made by stitching patterns on cotton cloth and impregnating them in plant dye. Traditional dyed fabrics have white patterns on a background of indigo and are used for tablecloths, door curtains, hats, clothes, and scarves as well as other items. In Zhoucheng Village, there are many family workshops which make dyed fabrics. Visitors can take minibuses and carriages to the village.
Besides the preserved fruits of Yunxing County, the Wood Carvings of Jianchuan County and the marble handicrafts of the Cangshan Mountain are all the local foods and souvenirs which display the best of the local Dali flavor.
The visitors can go to the country of the Bai Nationality in the local region to enjoy the heavy romantic feeling of Bai Nationality, they are known for their hot liver hospitality and the passion of the song and dance, the main program contains the performance of three teas of Bai Nationality.
The best place of tasting tea is in big yard of Yanjia in the Xizhou and on the boat going to Eel Lake, the perform is from 9:00 A.M. to 14:00 P.M., everybody only pays 20 Yuan. In addition to the perform of three teas, there are still the programs which enriches the race special features very much such as the wedding of Bai Nationality, the song and dance of Bai Nationality, the street of March and round three ling that etc. They allow not to miss.
Dali has a well-developed traffic network, including airport, railway station, express ways as well as four deluxe pleasure ships on the Erhai Lake.
Dali Airport is located in the northeast corner of Xiaguan Town and southeast of Erhai Lake. It is 15 kilometers from the city proper. It has flights to Xishuangbanna, Kunming, Wuhan and Tianjin. A shuttle bus is available.
Dali Railway Station is situated in the Dali Economic and Technological Development Zone. It has a large number of trains to most of the major places of Yunnan Province and other cities in the country.
There are four deluxe pleasure ships, Dayun, Cangshan, Dujuan, and Haixing, on Erhai Lake. You can embark at Xiaguan Pier and reach many tourist attractions, such as Erhai Park, Mirror Pavilion, Xiaopu Tuo, Jiangwei, and Butterfly Spring Pool.
|Map of Dali|