|Chongqing Travel Information|
Chongqing is a modern city, China's fourth municipality after Beijing, Shanghai, and Tianjin. Within its borders Chongqing encompasses a wealth of water reserves, mineral resources, dense forests, and abundant flora and fauna. The focal point of the unique Yangtze Three Gorges Dam, Chongqing is a tourist attraction as well as a commercial city.
Situated in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River - at the confluence of Yangtze and Jialing Rivers, in Southwest China, Chongqing is a port city with the largest area and population in China. It has an area of 82,400 square kilometers (31, 800 square miles) and share borders with the provinces of Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou, Sichuan and Shaanxi. Beside the Han people that forms the majority of its total population of 30.9 millions, there are numerous ethnic groups residing in Chongqing, such as Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Qiang, You and Tujia.
Chongqing is the largest and most populous of the People's Republic of China's four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western region of China.Chongqing covers a large area crisscrossed by rivers and mountains. The Daba Mountains stand in the north, the Wushan Mountains in the east, the Wuling Mountains in the southeast and the Dalou Mountains in the south. The whole area slopes down from north and south towards the Yangtze valley, with sharp rises and falls. The area is featured by mountain and hills, with large sloping areas at different heights. Typical karst landscape is common in this area, and stone forests, forests of peaks, limestone caves and valleys can be found in many places.
Chongqing's history can be traced back to 3,000 years ago, endowing with much historical and cultural significance. Traces of man's presence have been found from as far back as the end of the Old Stone Age 20,000 to 30,000 years ago. From the beginning of the Shang Dynasty (16th century B.C.) to the close of the Warring States Period (221 B.C.), it was the capital of the state of Ba. From the Qin Dynasty through the Eastern Han Dynasty (221 B.C. - 220 A.D.), it was a prefecture also known as Ba. During the Sui and Tang Dynasties, (581-907 A.D.), it was known as the sub-prefecture of Yuzhou, hence its standardby name 'Yu'. Subsequently, during the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127 A.D.), it was renamed Gongzhou. In 1189, during the Southern Song Dynasty, Zhao Dun, later the Guangzong Emperor, was given the title Prince of Gong. Regarding this as an exceedingly joyous event, he upgraded its status to that of a prefecture and renamed it as 'Chongqing'' which means 'double celebration' in Chinese, the name has been carried until now.
In the fourth century BC, Chongqing (then called Yuzhou) was the capital of the State of Ba, whose men were renowned for their prowess in battle and their military successes. In the Southern Song dynasty (l127--l279) the city's name was changed to Chongqing--meaning 'double celebration'--to mark the princedom and en-thronement of Emperor Zhaodun in l l89. He was himself a native of the city.
Chongqing had always been an important port, bustling with junks from Sichuan's hinterlands and neighbouring provinces, and acting as the collection point for the abundant produce of the region, including hides and furs from Tibet, hemp, salt, silk, rhubarb, copper and iron. Under the Qifu Agreement of l890, Chongqing was opened to foreign trade. This marked the beginning of the exciting history of steamboat navigation from Yichang through the treacherous gorges to Chongqing, a development aimed at opening up the riches of Sichuan to trade with the outsideworld. By the early part of this century, a massive trade in opium grown in southwest China had sprung up, abetted by warlord factionalism and greed.
Visitors to the city in the 1920s and '30s commented on its 30-metre (l00-foot) high city wall and the rough steps from the river up to the city gates 'dripping with slime from the endless procession of water carriers'. At that time, Chongqing, with a population of over 600,000, had no other water supply. Between l0,000 and 20,000 coolies carried water daily to shops and houses through the steep and narrow lanes of the city. All porterage was done by coolies as there were no wheeled vehicles in the city, only sedan chairs. The staircase streets are still there, but all that remains of the city wall today is the odd outcrop of masonry that props up a house here, or abuts a path there.
In 1939, during the Sino-Japanese War, the Nationalist Guomindang government of China moved the capital from Nanjing to Chongqing, and on the south bank of the Yangtze foreign delegations built substantial quarters, which can be seen from the river. The airstrip used then can still be seen on the Penghu Sandbar as one crosses the Yangtze River Bridge. The Guomindang government headquarters is now the People's City Government Offices (only the gateway is left of that period), situated just opposite the Renmin Hotel.
During the Sino-Japanese War (l937--45), Chongqing's notorious foggy weather conditions probably saved the city from complete devastation, for only on clear days could the Japanese bombers, which flew over in 20-minute waves, succeed in accurately dropping their thousands of bombs.
Chongqing arguably has one of the most unpleasant climates in the country, situated in the subtropical zone and fostering an intensive and moist atmosphere.
The annual average temperature here is 18 oc with lows of 6 to 8 oc in winter and highs of 27 to 29oc in summer.
Chongqing's nickname as the "Fog City" or "Furnace" is no exaggeration. Annual average temperature is 18C to 20C, with the lowest temperature of 6 C in winter and the highest temperature of 38C in summer. One will enjoy a warm winter but a hot summer. Annual average rainfall is about 1000 (39.4 inches) to 1400 (55.12 inches) millimeter. Chongqing has plenty of night rain all year round. So the best time to visit Chongqing should be in spring, autumn and winter.
Geographic coordinates: 105°11'-110°11' East, 28°10'－32°13' North
Neighbours: Hubei (east), Hunan (east), Guizhou (south), Sichuan (west), Shaanxi (north)
Located on the edge of the Yungui Plateau, Chongqing is intersected by the Jialing River and the upper reaches of the Yangtze. It contains Daba Shan in the north, Wu Shan in the east, Wuling Shan in the southeast, and Dalou Mountain to the south.
Chongqing, is right in the hinterland which joins the estern part of China with the western part of China. It situated in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River - at the confluence of Yangtze and Jialing Rivers, in Southwest China. And it is in the southeastern part of the Sichuan Basin, where the Changjiang and Jialing rivers meet, is the largest ndustrial and commercial city in southwestern China and the economic center of the upper reaches of the Changjiang River. hongqing is a port city with the largest area and population in China. It has an area of 82,400 square kilometers (31, 800 square miles) and share borders with the provinces of Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou, Sichuan and Shaanxi. Beside the Han people that forms the majority of its total population of 30.9 millions, there are numerous ethnic groups residing in Chongqing, such as Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Qiang, You and TujiaIt is a metropolis under the direct jurisdiction of the Central Government. Called Yu for short, Chongqing was established some 3,000 years ago. It is also known as a city of mountains, rivers, and fog. Chongqing is most attractive at night. It has many places of interest in both urban and rural areas. Traveling eastward along the Changjiang River, one can enjoy the magnificent Three Gorges.
Chongqing is the birthplace of Sichuan Cuisine. As compared with Chengdu's Sichuan Cuisine, Chonqing's has a stronger taste, spicier and more innovative. Chongqing serves the best Sichuan Cuisine. Its cuisine ranks first in the major cuisine styles of China because of its distinctive characteristics.
When you come to Chongqing, you will not to be surprised to hear that the Chinese believe in the saying "People make food their Heaven". It would seem that people in Chongqing are never weary of eating. Thousands of restaurants are scattered throughout every corner of the city, fulfiling customers from home and abroad with their different specialties.
Chongqing Hot Pot Chongqing Hot Pot, which is famous for its "spicy, hot, delicious and crunchy" taste as well as a harmonious and warm atmosphere, originated from a centrally administered municipality by the Yangtze River in the early 20th century. Preparations for Chongqing Hot Pot are meticulous, involving a wide variety of ingredients. Now hot pots are in vogue all over the Chongqing.
Chicken cubes, dry spices and peanuts are cooked together. Legend has it that the cook in Ding Baozhen’s family first created this dish. Ding Baozhen was an official in Qing dynasty. When he was an official in Shandong he used to invite people to eat in his house, and he always asked the famous cooks to cook “stir-fry chicken cubes”. Then he went to Sichuan to work as an official. So he brought this dish to Sichuan. Concerning Sichuan people’s love for spices, he added spices to the chicken. And this dish became more and more popular. It was called Gongbao chicken cube because Ding Baozhen was once titled as Gongbao, a title in the Qing Dynasty.
Since Chongqing is located along Jialing River, travelers have a good opportunity to sample varieties of aquatic products. Among them, a local fish, Jiangtuan fish, also called big-head fish, is probably the best. The steamed fish, retaining all the essence, will definitely leave a deep impression on anyone that has sampled it.
Most probably you have tried stuffed dumplings made of glutinous rice, but you may still be amazed at the their mini counterpart in Chongqing. It is just hard to imagine how local folks can manage to cram the sweet stuffing into such a pearl-sized dumpling.
Chongqing produces a great variety of local and special products including valuable tradi-tional Chinese medicinal herbs and famous fruit, such as pears, navel oranges, pomeloes, and persimmons. Chongqing is noted for fine quality teas as well--among the most widely known are Chongqing Tuo Tea, Yinping Silver Needle Tea and Xinong Fur Tip Tea.
Whether for dinner or for a late-night snack, hot pot is a must if you want to experience some local flavors. For a superior city view, the best place is the top of South Mountain, where you will find a well-known sightseeing spot called "Yi Ke Shu", or in English, "A Tree".
Chongqing attracts visitors from home and abroad for its cultural heritage and tourist attractions. The city is the starting point of the Yangtze River Cruise, which is expected to explore the wonderful scenery of the Three Gorges. Other attractions include Dazu Grottoes, carved during the ninth century, which are valuable works of art and not to be missed is the Gold Buddhist Mountain, reputed as a rich repository of diverse animals and plants; and there's the Fishing Town, which is one of the three ancient battlefields in China. Traveling in Chongqing, one will feel fortunate to be able to savor the delicious local food, such as Sichuan cuisine and the world-famous hot pot dishes. Also, the handicrafts made from bamboo have been enjoying great popularity among the visitors.
Dazu Rock Carvings
Ciqikou Old Town
Lesser Three Gorges
ELing Park (Goose Neck Park)