Chongqing Travel Information
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Introduction || History || Weather || Geography || Cuisine || Shopping || Entertainment || Transportation || Tourist Attractions || Map

Introduction
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Chongqing is a modern city, with an ancient history spanning more than 3,000 years. It is the nation's fourth municipality after Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin. It encompasses within its borders, a great wealth of water reserves, mineral resources, dense forests and abundant flora and fauna. Being the focal point of the unique Yangtze Three Gorges tourist industry, Chongqing is a tourist attraction as well as being a commercial city.

Chongqing is a modern city, China's fourth municipality after Beijing, Shanghai, and Tianjin. Within its borders Chongqing encompasses a wealth of water reserves, mineral resources, dense forests, and abundant flora and fauna. The focal point of the unique Yangtze Three Gorges Dam, Chongqing is a tourist attraction as well as a commercial city.

Situated in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River - at the confluence of Yangtze and Jialing Rivers, in Southwest China, Chongqing is a port city with the largest area and population in China. It has an area of 82,400 square kilometers (31, 800 square miles) and share borders with the provinces of Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou, Sichuan and Shaanxi. Beside the Han people that forms the majority of its total population of 30.9 millions, there are numerous ethnic groups residing in Chongqing, such as Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Qiang, You and Tujia.

Chongqing is the largest and most populous of the People's Republic of China's four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western region of China.Chongqing covers a large area crisscrossed by rivers and mountains. The Daba Mountains stand in the north, the Wushan Mountains in the east, the Wuling Mountains in the southeast and the Dalou Mountains in the south. The whole area slopes down from north and south towards the Yangtze valley, with sharp rises and falls. The area is featured by mountain and hills, with large sloping areas at different heights. Typical karst landscape is common in this area, and stone forests, forests of peaks, limestone caves and valleys can be found in many places.

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History

viewChongqing's history can be traced back to 3,000 years ago, endowing with much historical and cultural significance. Traces of man's presence have been found from as far back as the end of the Old Stone Age 20,000 to 30,000 years ago. From the beginning of the Shang Dynasty (16th century B.C.) to the close of the Warring States Period (221 B.C.), it was the capital of the state of Ba. From the Qin Dynasty through the Eastern Han Dynasty (221 B.C. - 220 A.D.), it was a prefecture also known as Ba. During the Sui and Tang Dynasties, (581-907 A.D.), it was known as the sub-prefecture of Yuzhou, hence its standardby name 'Yu'. Subsequently, during the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127 A.D.), it was renamed Gongzhou. In 1189, during the Southern Song Dynasty, Zhao Dun, later the Guangzong Emperor, was given the title Prince of Gong. Regarding this as an exceedingly joyous event, he upgraded its status to that of a prefecture and renamed it as 'Chongqing'' which means 'double celebration' in Chinese, the name has been carried until now.

In the fourth century BC, Chongqing (then called Yuzhou) was the capital of the State of Ba, whose men were renowned for their prowess in battle and their military successes. In the Southern Song dynasty (l127--l279) the city's name was changed to Chongqing--meaning 'double celebration'--to mark the princedom and en-thronement of Emperor Zhaodun in l l89. He was himself a native of the city.

Chongqing had always been an important port, bustling with junks from Sichuan's hinterlands and neighbouring provinces, and acting as the collection point for the abundant produce of the region, including hides and furs from Tibet, hemp, salt, silk, rhubarb, copper and iron. Under the Qifu Agreement of l890, Chongqing was opened to foreign trade. This marked the beginning of the exciting history of steamboat navigation from Yichang through the treacherous gorges to Chongqing, a development aimed at opening up the riches of Sichuan to trade with the outsideworld. By the early part of this century, a massive trade in opium grown in southwest China had sprung up, abetted by warlord factionalism and greed.

Visitors to the city in the 1920s and '30s commented on its 30-metre (l00-foot) high city wall and the rough steps from the river up to the city gates 'dripping with slime from the endless procession of water carriers'. At that time, Chongqing, with a population of over 600,000, had no other water supply. Between l0,000 and 20,000 coolies carried water daily to shops and houses through the steep and narrow lanes of the city. All porterage was done by coolies as there were no wheeled vehicles in the city, only sedan chairs. The staircase streets are still there, but all that remains of the city wall today is the odd outcrop of masonry that props up a house here, or abuts a path there.

In 1939, during the Sino-Japanese War, the Nationalist Guomindang government of China moved the capital from Nanjing to Chongqing, and on the south bank of the Yangtze foreign delegations built substantial quarters, which can be seen from the river. The airstrip used then can still be seen on the Penghu Sandbar as one crosses the Yangtze River Bridge. The Guomindang government headquarters is now the People's City Government Offices (only the gateway is left of that period), situated just opposite the Renmin Hotel.

During the Sino-Japanese War (l937--45), Chongqing's notorious foggy weather conditions probably saved the city from complete devastation, for only on clear days could the Japanese bombers, which flew over in 20-minute waves, succeed in accurately dropping their thousands of bombs.

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Weather

 

Chongqing arguably has one of the most unpleasant climates in the country, situated in the subtropical zone and fostering an intensive and moist atmosphere.

The annual average temperature here is 18 oc with lows of 6 to 8 oc in winter and highs of 27 to 29oc in summer.
Chongqing is frequent cloudy and foggy, even in the summer months and pollution levels here are high.
Spring and winter are the best seasons to visit here and the rainy autumnal season is best avoided.

Chongqing's nickname as the "Fog City" or "Furnace" is no exaggeration. Annual average temperature is 18C to 20C, with the lowest temperature of 6 C in winter and the highest temperature of 38C in summer. One will enjoy a warm winter but a hot summer. Annual average rainfall is about 1000 (39.4 inches) to 1400 (55.12 inches) millimeter. Chongqing has plenty of night rain all year round. So the best time to visit Chongqing should be in spring, autumn and winter.

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Geography

Geographic coordinates: 105°11'-110°11' East, 28°10'-32°13' North

Neighbours: Hubei (east), Hunan (east), Guizhou (south), Sichuan (west), Shaanxi (north)

Located on the edge of the Yungui Plateau, Chongqing is intersected by the Jialing River and the upper reaches of the Yangtze. It contains Daba Shan in the north, Wu Shan in the east, Wuling Shan in the southeast, and Dalou Mountain to the south.
The city is very hilly and is the only major metropolitan area in China without significant numbers of bicycles.
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Chongqing, is right in the hinterland which joins the estern part of China with the western part of China. It situated in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River - at the confluence of Yangtze and Jialing Rivers, in Southwest China. And it is in the southeastern part of the Sichuan Basin, where the Changjiang and Jialing rivers meet, is the largest ndustrial and commercial city in southwestern China and the economic center of the upper reaches of the Changjiang River. hongqing is a port city with the largest area and population in China. It has an area of 82,400 square kilometers (31, 800 square miles) and share borders with the provinces of Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou, Sichuan and Shaanxi. Beside the Han people that forms the majority of its total population of 30.9 millions, there are numerous ethnic groups residing in Chongqing, such as Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Qiang, You and TujiaIt is a metropolis under the direct jurisdiction of the Central Government. Called Yu for short, Chongqing was established some 3,000 years ago. It is also known as a city of mountains, rivers, and fog. Chongqing is most attractive at night. It has many places of interest in both urban and rural areas. Traveling eastward along the Changjiang River, one can enjoy the magnificent Three Gorges.

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Cuisine
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Chongqing is the birthplace of Sichuan Cuisine. As compared with Chengdu's Sichuan Cuisine, Chonqing's has a stronger taste, spicier and more innovative. Chongqing serves the best Sichuan Cuisine. Its cuisine ranks first in the major cuisine styles of China because of its distinctive characteristics.

When you come to Chongqing, you will not to be surprised to hear that the Chinese believe in the saying "People make food their Heaven". It would seem that people in Chongqing are never weary of eating. Thousands of restaurants are scattered throughout every corner of the city, fulfiling customers from home and abroad with their different specialties.

Chongqing Hot Pot Chongqing Hot Pot, which is famous for its "spicy, hot, delicious and crunchy" taste as well as a harmonious and warm atmosphere, originated from a centrally administered municipality by the Yangtze River in the early 20th century. Preparations for Chongqing Hot Pot are meticulous, involving a wide variety of ingredients. Now hot pots are in vogue all over the Chongqing.

Gongbao jiding

Chicken cubes, dry spices and peanuts are cooked together. Legend has it that the cook in Ding Baozhen’s family first created this dish. Ding Baozhen was an official in Qing dynasty. When he was an official in Shandong he used to invite people to eat in his house, and he always asked the famous cooks to cook “stir-fry chicken cubes”. Then he went to Sichuan to work as an official. So he brought this dish to Sichuan. Concerning Sichuan people’s love for spices, he added spices to the chicken. And this dish became more and more popular. It was called Gongbao chicken cube because Ding Baozhen was once titled as Gongbao, a title in the Qing Dynasty.

Jiangtuan fish

Since Chongqing is located along Jialing River, travelers have a good opportunity to sample varieties of aquatic products. Among them, a local fish, Jiangtuan fish, also called big-head fish, is probably the best. The steamed fish, retaining all the essence, will definitely leave a deep impression on anyone that has sampled it.

Stuffed Dumplings

Most probably you have tried stuffed dumplings made of glutinous rice, but you may still be amazed at the their mini counterpart in Chongqing. It is just hard to imagine how local folks can manage to cram the sweet stuffing into such a pearl-sized dumpling.

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Shopping

Chongqing produces a great variety of local and special products including valuable tradi-tional Chinese medicinal herbs and famous fruit, such as pears, navel oranges, pomeloes, and persimmons. Chongqing is noted for fine quality teas as well--among the most widely known are Chongqing Tuo Tea, Yinping Silver Needle Tea and Xinong Fur Tip Tea.

Chongqing is famous for its hot Sichuan cuisine and world-famous hotpot dishes. Street vendors as well as restaurants feature exciting spicy delicacies for the adventurers.

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Entertainment

Whether for dinner or for a late-night snack, hot pot is a must if you want to experience some local flavors. For a superior city view, the best place is the top of South Mountain, where you will find a well-known sightseeing spot called "Yi Ke Shu", or in English, "A Tree".

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Transportation

By Air
Currently, Chongqing Jiang-bei International Airport (CKG) has 58 domestic and foreign city connections while 70 foreign and domestic airlines operate scheduled flights to Chongqing. Except for Hohhot in Inner Mogolia, all the capital cities of China's provinces have connections to Chongqing. With flights between Chongqing and foreign cities such as Seoul, Tokyo, Nagoya, Bangkok, Munich, and Duesseldorf, tourists can easily reach Chongqing by plane.

By Train
Chongqing Railway Station is the center of railway transportation in the Chongqing area. It is the juncture of three main national trunk lines: the Chuan-Qian Railroad (from Chongqing in the north to Guiyang in the south), the Cheng-Yu Railroad (from Chengdu in the west to Chongqing in the east) and the Xiang-Yu Railroad (from Xiangfan, Hubei in the east to Chongqing in the west). On these three lines, travelers can go to most cities in China, including Beijing (25 hours), Shanghai (39 hours), Xian (15 hours), and Chengdu (10 hours). Buy your tickets at the ticket offices at the railway station.view

By Ship
The Chongqing Chaotianmen Dock, at the junction of the Yangtze River and the Jialing River, is one of the busiest ports in China. Chongqing is the best starting point for a Yangtze River cruise. Taking a cruise ship from Chongqing down the Yangtze River to Wuhan or Yichang is now a popular tourist trip. Choose a deluxe cruise ship so that you can have a pleasant and memorable experience on the Yangtze River. There are four categories of boats: the star-rated boat, the foreign tourist boat, the domestic tourist boat, and the common passenger boat.

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Tourist Attractions
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Chongqing attracts visitors from home and abroad for its cultural heritage and tourist attractions. The city is the starting point of the Yangtze River Cruise, which is expected to explore the wonderful scenery of the Three Gorges. Other attractions include Dazu Grottoes, carved during the ninth century, which are valuable works of art and not to be missed is the Gold Buddhist Mountain, reputed as a rich repository of diverse animals and plants; and there's the Fishing Town, which is one of the three ancient battlefields in China. Traveling in Chongqing, one will feel fortunate to be able to savor the delicious local food, such as Sichuan cuisine and the world-famous hot pot dishes. Also, the handicrafts made from bamboo have been enjoying great popularity among the visitors.

Dazu Rock Carvings
Dazu Rock Carvings is a shining star in the speleological art treasure. The Dazu Rock Carving is located in the southeast of the Sichuan Basin, 271 kilometers away from the west of Chengdu, 167 kilometers away from the east of Chongqing. The Dazu Rock Carving lies in Dazu County, which is 167 kilometers away from the urban area of Chongqing city. It's the name considered as a whole of 76 places of statuary figures, which are distributed in the whole Dazu County. There are 60,000 stone statues in total.

The Great Hall of the People
Chongqing People's Hall is a fine, unique and neat oriental structure. In 1987, History of Comparative Architecture, which is a classical works of world's architecture published by Britain, embodied 43 contemporary structures in China. Chongqing People's Hall was placed second.

Fengdu
Fengdu is where the devil lives, according to Chinese legend. They say that spirits go to heaven, and evil goes to Fengdu. The town is overlooked by Ming Shan Hill, home of Tianzi, the King of the Dead. The whole place has an eerie feel to it with deserted streets, tower blocks, empty shops and banks. The only people here are those who make a living from visiting cruise boats.

Shennong Stream
Shennong Stream is another tributary of the Yangtze River, and its fast-flowing, crystal clear water runs southwards through deep gorges. The stream races past large and small karst caves, flocks of swallows, sheer cliffs, deep gorges, waterfalls, three-colored springs, rapids, the ancient plank path, a suspended coffin in the cliff, groups of ancient tombs and marvelous karst formations.

Wanxian

Wanxian is a small mountainous city known as the gate way to East Sichan. As the halfway city between Yichang and Chongqing, Wanxian was a main port for East Sichuan merchandise. Today, Wanxian tangerines, oranges and peaches are renowned throughout China. The city's silk-spinning and weaving industries are well known in the Yangtze Gorges region. You may visit silk-weaving factories and the Three Gorges Museum and enjoy the exiting acrobatic show and take a leisurely tour of busy local market.

Chongqing Zoo

The largest zoo in southwest China with over 1000 birds and 170 species of animals, where you can see charmly naive giant panda, lesser pandas and their offspring, golden hair monkeys and South China tigers.

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Shibaozhai

Shibaozhai Stone is 52 km away from Wanxian, simply a rectangular rock with sheer cliffs, standing on the riverside. From afar, the protruding 220-meter (720 foot) hill on the north bank can appear to resemble a jade seal, and is so named. In 2009 the water level of the Three Gorges Dam Reservoir will reach the base of the yellow entrance gate of Shibaozhai. A wall will be built to surround the protect the building from water. Visitors would change to a small boat to see it, in stead of climbing the mountain. So Shibaozai which looks like a huge ship in the river would be the more attractive spot.

Wu Gorge

Wu Gorge extends 45 kilometers from Wushan Mountain. The Wu Gorge is gifted with exquisite peaks and lush mountains and ranges. It's deep and serene with changeable weather. The rolling River twists and turns and boats zigzag their way along, as if cruising in a fantastic gallery. The twelve peaks of Wushan Mountain all rise to the blue sky. They are endowed with various fascinating shapes. Among them, the most fabulous is the Peak of Goddess. It pierces through the heaven, and towers over the Yangtze River. The tweleve peaks are the best attractions to tourists.

Baidi City

"Baidi City" or "White Emperor City" is not a real city, but a mini peninsular town with some temples and gates on top of Baidi Hill in Fengjie County. Climbing over 500 steps, you can reach the top. It is the starting point of Three Gorges. Baidi city is also known as a center of historical relics in the Three Gorges. In ancient times, attracted by its fame, many scholars and poets visited here and left lots of literal relics.

Ciqikou Old Town
It was Chongqing's old harbor and was once the home of many of Chongqing's rich merchants, where you can still see lots of Ming and Qing dynasty architecture, local shops, tea houses, local Sichuan street performance and so on.

Lesser Three Gorges

The lesser Three Gorges, situated on a tributary of the Yangtze, are much smaller, narrower and have some dramatic scenery to offer. They are only passenger boats can make their way up the narrow gorges and winding river. On both sides impressive stone cliffs are interspersed with surrounding rural scenery and forested areas. And you'll find a cordial reception both in the natural scenery and in warm local people. It was selected as one of the forty top tourist attractions in China. The Lesser Three Gorges, like a shinning pearl hidden in remote mountains.

Three Gorges

Nestled in the middle reaches of the Yangtze are the Three Gorges, renowned the world over as Nature's Gift and one of the great treasures of China's landscape. The scenery includes sheer cliffs and mountains rising up to 1,000 meters on both sides of narrow, rushing water, old towns cut by slender lines of stone steps, and a hill almost lined from top to bottom with a pagoda. The beauty and eminence alone attract travelers to tour the Three Gorges. Viewing the Gorges properly can only be done on a river cruise. Their spectacular scenery like a painted corridor filled with historic legends, should give you a marvelous experience.

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Zhangfei Temple

Zhang Fei Temple is located 55 km from Wanxian. The magnificent Temple with glazed tile and red walls perches on the Flying Phoenix Hill on the southern bank of the river. Zhang Fei was one the "Three Sworn Brothers" in Three Kingdom Period 1,700 years ago. The novel " Three Kingdom Romance" which has deep impression inner the Chinese people' s mind spread his story wild. The temple has a main hall on the top and layers and layers of vermilion banisters and blue tiles. There is a colored statue in the temple, which vividly depicts the legendary hero, with rolling eyes. There are also tablet inscriptions, calligraphy and paintings.

ELing Park (Goose Neck Park)

The Park has a good view of the city and the roiling Yangtze River. A great mural of the Yangtze River shows the pre-dam water levels and elevation marks signifying the displacement of the local population, as well as the land area that has been and will be covered when the dam is completed. Originally the river was 100 meters above sea level; it is now 150m and will be at 175m in 2009. It is a useful point of interest prior to a Yangtze River cruise.

Qutang Gorge

Qutang Gorges is the first of the Three Gorges on the Yangtze River. The gorge is 8 kilometers long, beginning from Kuimen in the west and ending at Daxi in the east. With vertical cliffs of some thousand meters high as its two flanks, the Qutang Gorge is only a few dozens of meters wide just like a narrow gateway. With swash and rumble, the surging Yangtze River pours into the gateway with great momentum. Looking up towards the tops of towering precipitous mountains along the Gorge, one sees from a boat only a narrow strip of clouds and sky, but under foot the River tears on violently. It is noted for its grandeur and beauty.

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Map

 

map

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