Dongguan Travel Information
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Introduction || History || Geography || Climate || Shopping || Attractions || Transportation || Map of Dongguan

Introduction
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Dongguan of China is in the middle southern part of Guangdong Province, and it is in the northeastern part of Zhujiang Triangle Islet. I got its name because it lies in the east of Guangzhou and is rich of a kind of grass called Guan Grass. In Han Dynasty, it belonged to Bolang Country, in Eastern Jin Dynasty, it belonged to Baoan Country, and in Tang Dynasty and Song Dynasty, it belonged to Dongguan Country. In Sep. 1985, it was built as a city. Now in Dongguan City, there is an urban district and 29 towns. Dongguan is the important place that is lived by those countrymen residing abroad.

Covering an area of 2,465 sq km, Dongguan became a city at county level only in 1985, and then, a city at prefectural level in 1988. Dongguan is also a well-known hometown of thousands of overseas Chinese. Dongguan has become an outstanding city, a rising star in South China's economic development in recent years. With a population of over 7 million, Dongguan is a city of migrants, for there are over 5 million migrant workers and businessmen out of its total population. They are from the different parts of the country to seek for a fortune or a better life.

Humen, which is in Dongguan, was the main battleground of the Opium War. In Qing Dynasty, Linzexu, our national hero, destroyed the opium in Humen also. And there is Shajiao Fort, Weiyuan Fort, the Opium Destroying Pool and Linzexu Park. Also, there is Ke Garden that is one of the four famous gardens in Guangdong Province.

Dongguan abounds in mineral resources. There is wolfram, tin, copper, sulphur iron, pottery clay, cement, limestone, coal and so on. In industry, light industry is the main part. There are light industry machines, electrical equipment, pharmacy, food, clothes, shipbuilding, building materials and some other kinds.

The special products in Dongguan are sugarcane, bananas, mangoes and oranges. And also there is fireworks, straw products, Hou Street sausages, Baisha chickens, Shilong malt sugar and Daning Wutou Fish, etc.

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History

Dongguan is an ancient city with a long history which can be traced back to more than 5000 years ago. It was in Humen, a town of Dongguan, that the event of Incineration of Opium took place, which opened a new chapter in china’s modern history. During the War of Resistance against Japan, Dongguan had been a base for the resistance forces in the East River Basin area, where thousands of Dongguan people fought bravely for and devoted their lives to the nation’s independence and prosperity. Thanks to its long history and glorious revolutionary tradition, Dongguan has become a well-known historic and cultural city in south Guangdong.

Historically, more than 150 years ago, the incineration of opium during the Opium War took place in HuMen (one of the 32 towns of DongGuan) which to many symbolized the beginning of China's modern history. HuMen was the historically recognized town where the opium trade into China was stopped by the local authorities and even today you can visit the fort and artilleries display which at the time protected the sea route into Guangzhou (Canton).

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Geography


Dongguan Municipality is 50 km away from Guangzhou to its north, 90 km away from Shenzhen to its south, 47 sea miles away from Hong Kong and 48 sea miles from Macao by waterway. Dongguan is a must-pass-by locality from Guangzhou to Hong Kong by road or waterway.

Located on the east bank of Pearl River Delta and middle-south of Guangdong Province, Dongguan stands between Guangzhou and Shenzhen cities. It is only 90 km away from Hong Kong. Humen Bridge of Dongguan is the only land-hinge connecting the east and west bank of PRD (Pearl River Delta). Foreign Invested Enterprises in Dongguan could enjoy great convenience of shipping products to the overseas market through the international transportation center- Hong Kong, or the ports along the Pearl River. They also could conveniently ship the goods to the South China, even the whole mainland China market through the well-developed transportation network in Dongguan. Meanwhile, Dongguan enjoys established logistics network. It’s very convenient to export the products manufactured in Dongguan, which could be transported to Hong Kong within 2 hours and re-exported to the whole world.

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气候

Dongguan is located in south China and thus has a hot and humid climate for most of the year. The climate is tropical and semi-tropical monsoonal with lots of rain in the summer and big storms from June to October.

The best time to come to Dongguan is later on in the year during the months of October, November or December. Temperature, humidity and rainfall drop by this time of year and it is pleasant enough to walk around without breaking into a sweat. March and April also see pleasant weather, but this is the peak season when hotel prices go up.

January and February are also good times to visit although night-time temperatures can drop significantly. If you are not into big crowds, Chinese New Year could upset your travel plans.

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Shopping
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Dongguan is well known for its Huanghe Fashion Town located in the Humen District along Renming Road, Renyi Road, Jinglong Road and Yinglong Road. The district houses one of China's largest clothing and textile wholesale markets, which extends over an area of about one square kilometre. Many of the products sold there are exported to Hong Kong and the rest of the world. Everybody can enjoy low wholesale prices, even when buying in small quantities.

Humen, a town located within the south China city of Dongguan, is catching the world's eye with its booming garment industry. Sometimes known as the 'factory of Hong Kong,' Humen teems with over 1,000 garment enterprises of which more than 300 are foreign-funded. This means that in Dongguan you may buy items of clothing much more cheaply than the identical garments in Hong Kong. Several international clothing retailers have established stores in Dongguan, many of which carry brands familiar to visitors from abroad.

In addition to the international chain stores, there are numerous shopping centers featuring locally owned establishments. Virtually every section of Dongguan outside of downtown has pedestrian malls or shopping centers including restaurants, hotels and amusement centers.

Nancheng Fumin Commercial Pedestrian Street, about 1200 meters long, is usually the first choice for people intent on shopping. It is located in the Hongyuan section of Guantai Avenue in the Nancheng District. A number of well-known brands such as Nescafe of Switzerland, American Dupont, and NOKIA of Finland among others have stores here. Nancheng Fumin provides a lively shopping experience as well as a variety of restaurants and hotel accommodations.

An ideal place for visitors to savor the unique commercial atmosphere of Dongguan is the Global Plaza. Located in the central section of Dongcheng District, the plaza includes the Haiya Department Store, one of the top shopping destinations in the city. The Trust-Mart Su permarket and Yongle Electrical Shop are also here. After an exciting time shopping, you can relax in a KFC or McDonald's or one of many other restaurants. If you wish to spend the night, Global Business Hotel is known for its quality service.

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Attractions
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There are a dozen historic attractions around Humen, such as Humen Bridge, Humen Sea Warfare Museum, Weihai Port and Humen Park.

The Ancient Fortified Wall

Built in October of the 17th year of the reign of Emperor Chongzhen in the Ming Dynasty, or A.D. 1644, the Fortified Wall was 998.25 meters long originally. It bottom half was constructed of tamped earth or red stones, on which stood altogether 21 towers, each built with gray bricks and having its own style and couplets. The Wall succeeded in stopping invaders Li Wanrong, who led a 7-day siege in the 5th year of the reign of Emperor Shun Zhi (A.D.1648), and Liu Jin, who attacked the village in the 10th year of the reign of Emperor Kang Xi (A.D.1671). Now only a few passages of the old wall and a couple of towers remain.

The Great Ancestral Temple for Family Xie

The courtyard is divided into three parts, each part with three rooms. Fine craftsmanship is shown on pottery carvings in the ridges of the first hall, lime carvings on the ridges of the second and the third, and wood carvings on the eaves. The hip-and-gable roof of the temple is rare in Dongguan area. Now the original censer is still well preserved in the temple. So are stone inscriptions first made in the 34th year of the reign of Emperor Jiajing in the Ming Dynasty (A. D. 1555).

Temple of the Hundred-Year-Old Man
The stone tablet of Narration on the Temple of the Hundred-Year-Old Man, which dates back to the 23rd year of the reign of Wanli of Ming Dynasty (A.D.1595), told such a story that to memorize the hundred-year-old man Xie Yanqing, his house was re-built into a temple. The foundation of the deity and red-stone carvings on the tablet are of the typical Ming Dynasty style.

Archway commemorating the Hundred-Year-Old Couple
During the period of the 20th to the 26th year of the reign of Emperor Wanli of the Ming Dynasty (A.D.1592-1598), both Xie Yanjuan and his wife aged over 100, Magistrate Li Wenkui of Dongguan county reported that to the imperial court and a family temple named Archway commemorating this Hundred-Year-Old Couple was granted to build. Front part of the building consists of 3 three-storey archways with gable and hip roof. Ru-yi bucket arches under eaves, Buddha carved in the wall with red stone as the base and woodcarvings on the beams are exquisite. The building is designed as a mix of archway and temple. In 1993, it is listed as cultural relic under municipal protection.

Ancestral Temple of Xie Yuqi
Xie Yuqi ranked the 42nd in the highest imperial examination for warriors in the 4th year of the reign of Tongzhi of Qing Dynasty in the lunar year Yichou, and was assigned as aide-de-camp of Grand Secretary Zuo Zhongtang. After putting down a rebellion following Grand Secretary Zuo in Xinjiang district, his meritorious military service brought him to Garrison Commander. In the 27th year of the reign of Guangxu Period of Qing Dynasty (1901), to commemorate Garrison Commander Xie, a temple was built. The temple contains two courtyards, with inward-facing houses on four sides and flush gable roof. Gilt woodcarvings and stone carvings on the beam, as well as pottery models on main ridge are all very elegant. On the first vertical ridge (for gable roof) vivid clay models of characters and animals has a rather high artistic value. In 1993, it was listed as cultural relic under municipal protection.

Zizheng Mansion (or Governance-Assisting Mansion)
It is the academy of Mr. Xie Yuanjun, who ranked 99th in the provincial imperial examination for warriors in the 2nd year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu of Qing Dynasty in the lunar year Bingzi (or A. D. 1876), and granted chancellor of Ministry of Rites. The academy, constructed of blue brick and marble, is divided into two parts, each part with three rooms, with a corridor across the square courtyard. The woodcarving of vault in the parlor of back part boasts high artistic attainments. Besides, doors and windows were decorated in a western style.

Typical Folk House
Dwelling houses in Nanshe, including residential house of Mr. Xie Ruliu are generally consisting of three rooms and two corridors. Xie Ruliu was graded as Warrior Candidate in the 6th year in the reign of Emperor Guangxu E (A. D. 1880). Compared with the family temple, the layout of dwelling house is simple and practical. However, they also feature clay models, woodcarvings and stone carvings.

Keyuan Garden
Keyuan Garden is one of the four famous gardens of the Qing Dynasty, built in 1850 in the Xianfeng reign of the Qing Dynasty and covering an area of 2 200 hectares. It is rectangular-shaped with dozens of aged traditional buildings located around in the garden. It is restored after the founding of PRC and got another name Keyuan Museum. Keyuan Garden or Keyuan Museum, where Lingnan school of traditional Chinese painting originated and developed, is now under state protection as a national cultural relic (2000).

Humen Pools for Destroying Opium and Humen Cannon Terraces
Humen Pools for Destroying Opium and Humen Cannon Terraces are two national cultural relics, selected by the Chinese State Council in 1982. They are historic reminders, which always awake the Chinese people that the weak will be forced out in this tough world.
Covering an area of 21 sq km and surrounded with blue water on the four sides, Weiyuan Island was selected one of the provincial holiday resorts in 1996 and is becoming a booming tourism development zone with a newly built Marine War Museum. It is just located in the middle of the Pearl mouth, not far from Humen Bridge.

Nanshe Ancient Village in Dongguan
Nanshe Ancient Village, dating back to the Ming and Qing Dynasties, is located in Chashan Town of Dongguan City. The village is laid out symmetrically like clasping palms and surrounded by trees. With talented people coming forth in large numbers in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Nanshe became a prosperous and famous village in Chashan.

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Transportation

By plane
The city is about one hours drive away from Shenzhen and Guangzhou's Baiyun airports. You can catch a train or bus from these cities.

By Train
Hong Kong's Mass Transit Railway offers service (the former Kowloon-Canton Railway service) from Hung Hom Station in Hong Kong to Guangzhou with a stop in Dongguan.

There is also a frequent rail shuttle service from Dongguan Station to both Shenzhen and Guangzhou.

By bus
The most popular method for Hong Kong locals to travel to Dongguan is by bus. There are several companies that offer bus travel to Dongguan from Hong Kong. A good place to find a bus, would be at the bus stands inside the arrival terminal at Hong Kong Airport. Prices are usually $80-100 for a one-way ticket or $150 for a two-way ticket. Travel times usually range from 1.5hrs to 2.5hrs depending on traffic conditions. If you are traveling from another part of China, you can also travel to Dongguan by bus, most major cities in China will have bus routes to the Dongguan Main Bus Station in NanCheng.

By boat
One of the less used ways to get to Dongguan from Hong Kong is by ferry. This allows you to avoid the queues at the busy customs checkpoints on the border between Hong Kong and mainland China.

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Map of Dongguan

map

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