Changzhou Travel Information
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Changzhou means: "ordinary prefecture". Located in the centre of the "Golden Delta" of the lower reaches of the Yangtse River, Changzhou is a major economic city in China.

Changzhou is a peaceful riverine town that lies astride the Grand Canal just north of Lake Tai-about halfway between Shanghai and Nanjing. As with many of the canal towns, the old city of Changzhou is heart-shaped and ringed by canals. Bei Dajie and Nan Dajie are situated at the centre of the heart.

Changzhou lies in the south of Jiangsu Province, Yangtze Delta area, neighboring Taihu Lake and Shanghai in the east, Nanjing in the west, and shares the boundary with Anhui Province in the south.

Due to the location in the Yangtze Delta area, fluvial plain constitute the main landform of the city. But the terrain seems more complex. To its west and south are the Maoshan Mountain and Tianmu Mountain. Generally, the land slops slightly downward from the northwest to the southeast with the Grand Canal passing through the city.

It is an agricultural, food, and textile center Other manufactures include diesel engines, generators, locomotives, fertilizer, machine tools, and motor vehicles. Changzhou became industrialized in the late 19th cent.

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Only 8 km from Changzhou City are the remains of an ancient walled town, founded over 3000 years ago at the beginning of the Western Zhou dynasty. The earliest record of a settlement on the site of modern Changzhou is of a commandery (a district under the control of a commander) founded in 221 BC. It got its present name in 589 AD. After the Grand Canal was constructed in 609, Changzhou became a canal port and transshipment point for locally-grown grain, and has maintained these roles ever since. The rural counties surrounding Changzhou are noted for the production of rice, fish, tea, silk, bamboo and fruit.

During the Taiping Rebellion of the 1850's, one of 5 palaces housing the leaders of the so-called "Kingdom of Celestial Peace" was contructed in Changzhou. Today the ruins of the "King's Palace" can be found near the People's No.1 Hospital.

Changzhou has always prospered through its history. In the 1920's, Changzhou started to attract cotton mills. The cotton industry got a boost in the late 1930's when businesses began relocating outside of Shanghai due to the Japanese occupation. Unlike most Chinese cities, Changzhou continued to prosper even during the upheavals of the cultural revolution of 1966-76. Today it is an important industrial center for textiles, food processing, engineering (diesel engines, generators, transformers and other machinery), and high technology.

In 1982, Changzhou was made a "Model Town" for China's one-child policy. In that year, officials in Changzhou reported that nearly 100% of married couples had pledged to have only one child.

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A Qing dynasty poet declared "there are none such under heaven as Changzhou, where famous persons come from." Numerous memorial halls in Changzhou and the surrounding area commemorate its famous citizens, including soldiers, scholars, revolutionaries, industrialists, physicians, artists and writers. Among others, the great poet and essayist Su Dongpo (a.k.a. Su Shi 1036-1101) lived and died here, and Hong Shen (1894-1955) a pioneering dramatist and filmmaker was born here. Sheng Xuanhuai (1844-1916) was an important Chinese industrialist in the 19th century.

A factory in Changzhou continues an ancient tradition of producing double-edged fine-toothed combs. The neighbourhood of the factory, called Comb Lane, was the scene of the last farewell of Jia Baoyu with his father in the classic novel A Dream of Red Mansions. Other famous handicrafts of Changzhou are the "crisscross" style of silk embroidery and carvings made from green bamboo.
Changzhou has active religious institutions for the practice of Buddhism, Taoism, Christianity, and Islam.

Language Like every other city in the region, Changzhou has its own distinctive dialect. According to maps of the dialect regions of China, Changzhou is just inside the Northern Wu dialect region, also occupied by Shanghai. Just to the west and north is the region of Lower Yangzi Mandarin speakers, whose dialect is closer to "standard" Chinese.

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Climate & Weather

The city enjoys a humid monsoon climate at the transition area between subtropical and temperate zones. The four seasons varies greatly during a year. Spring and autumn are moderate, while summer and winter go extremely opposite. Summer is torrid, but gathers majority of the rainfall. The plum rain period lasts from June to July. Also during the summer, rainstorm and typhoon are more likely to happen.

The best time to visit Changzhou is in mid-spring and early autumn, for moderate temperature and less rainfall.

Special Local Products: Artware: random stitch embroidery, combs, paper-carving in Jintan

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Red Plum Pavilion Tianning Temple lan yuan

The Changzhou Island boasts of over 100 tourist attractions, including many political, military, religious and historic sites and scenic spots, such as the Tianning (Buddhist) Temple, the Maoshan caves, Tianmu Lake, and Red Plum Park.

As with many of the canal towns, the old city of Changzhou is heart-shaped and ringed by canals; at the centre of the heart, Bei Dajie and Nan Dajie are the two main streets, where you are most likely to find places to eat.

Red Plum Pavilion
One of the largest parks in Changzhou, this area was first constructed during the Tang Dynasty (889-904). Throughout the park, surrounding the pagoda and pavilion, are thickly planted red plum trees. During blossom time, the scene is quite spectacular.

Tianning Temple
Tianning Temple has been known for its scale and was built during the reign of Emperor Yonghui (650-755) of the Tang Dynasty. Guarded by a pair of stone lions, the gate of the temple looks grandeur and simple. The Heavenly King Hall, the main hall of Manning, stands as high as 21.12 meters. Enshrined is a giant statue of Buddha. Dragons wind on four columns in the hall, On the roofs are carved 83 statues of Buddha, four Heavenly Kings and four kings of the famous mountains in China.

Town of Yancheng
This historical site was the only ruins of Chinese old town with three city walls and three moats kept from the Spring and Autumn Period. Three thousands years of history not only left people the enigma about the town's ruler but also gave the town big reputation.

Changzhou Palace Combs Factory
The production of combs in Changzhou goes back 1,500 years to the Jin Dynasty (AD 265-420). Today, the city maintains the factory to produce this special type of comb which, over the years, has accumulated 12 national and international handicrafts medals. The combs, handmade of boxwood or other natural materials, come in 1000 varieties.

Pagoda of the Waiting Bush
Built during the Northern Song Dynasty, between 976 and 984, this structure stands seven stories and 48.38 m. high. From atop the pagoda the entire city can be viewed.

Tianmu Lake
The lake is located at the north foot of the Tianmu Mountain, one hour's drive (in Liyang City) from the downtown Changzhou. It is formed by the construction of reservoirs in this region. The lake perfectly complements the surrounding natural sceneries.

Combs Alley
Comb making brought Changzhou great fame since a long time ago. Every family in the Combs Alley made a living as combs maker in Qing Dynasty. Built on the side of the Grand Canal, courier station was established in the alley in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).

Other Attractions: The other attractions include Yizhou Park, with a pavilion built in honor of the North- em Song poet Su Dongpo. Other sites to visit are the Changzhou Museum, built in the style of the Song Dynasty and housing a collection of artifacts from the area dating from the Western Zhou Dynasty to the present; and the memorial hail for Hui Nantian, one of the six great painters of the early Qing Dynasty.

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Map of Changzhou


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