Baotou Travel Information
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Introduction || History || Geography || Weather & Climate || Attractions || Transportation || Map of Baotou
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Baotou is the largest industrial city in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, rich in mineral resources. It is the iron and steel base for China, and the coal deposits make up about a quarter of China's reserve. These days more and more people travel to Baotou for business & sightseeing. Therefore, many news hotels opened during the recent days.

The total area of Baotou covers 27,691 square kilometers, 160.6 square kilometers of which is urbanized It is the largest industrial city in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and it lies in the "Golden Triangle" of the Hetao Plain. Baotou is rich in mineral resources. It is the iron and steel base for China, and the coal deposits make up about a quarter of China's reserve. It's an important industrial base for metallurgy, machinery manufacturing, rare earth, chemicals, non-ferrous metals, textiles, electronics and energy. The area is conveniently connected by rail with Beijing, Lanzhou, the Republic of Mongolia, and Russia.

Thirty-seven different nationalities live in Baotou. Mongols, Han, Man, Hui, Dawuer and Ewenke can be found here. The population is 2,011,000, and 1,300,000 of them are city dwellers.

Through half a century's unremitting efforts, Baotou's industry has grown out of nothing and developed into a large-scale industrial zone. Now it has formed a moden industrial and economic system with iron and steel, rare earth, aluminium, engineering, machinery, heavy-duty automobiles, electricity, textiles,leather products and chemicals as the main sectors. All these industries have taken considerable place in both the local and national economy.

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Developed as a small commercial center in the 1880s, Baotou began to grow as a manufacturing hub while it was part of the Japanese-controlled state of Meng-chiang (1937-1945). It was returned to Chinese control in 1945 and became a center of heavy industry in the 1950s. The city was established in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911 AD) on a Neolithic site, and is located just to the north of the Yellow River and the Gobi Desert. The city became the largest in the province after the Communists came to power in 1950.

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Located in the western inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Baotou stands at the juncture of the economic zones around Bo-hai Sea and the rich-resource upper valley of the Yellow River. To its north, there is Mongolia, the Yellow River is in its south. The fertile Tumocha Plain and He-tao Plain extend away from its west and east. Yin-Shan Mountain runs across its central part. It's geographical coordinate:109 to 110 degrees east of long Latitude, and 41to 42 degrees of latitude. it covers 27691 square kilometers Running through the City area are two mountains. Yin-Shan and Wu-la-er-Shan, whose average altitude above sea level is 2000 meters, with the highest peak of 2324 meters. The whole city area is made up of three parts: the mountains and hills land in the middle; the plateaus and grassland in the north of the mountains; and plains in the south of the mountains. Hence, the high mid-area, and lower south and north areas, the western part is higher than the eastern.

Part of the Yellow River--214 kilometers--runs through Baotou city area, there are both highway and railway bridges crossing over the River.

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Weather & Climate

Baotou belongs to a semi-arid continental climate. The average highest temperature here is 21 degrees C., while the lowest is -8. Summer and autumn are the best seasons. With a pleasant and beautiful weather, and abundant flowers, melons and vegetables, the city is an ideal summer resort. Winter and Spring also have something to represent themselves; the ice and snow covered scenery, which is attractive, too.

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Genghis Khans Mausoleum Meidai Lamasery Resonant Sand Gorge Wudangzhao Lamasery

Genghis Khans Mausoleum

Genghis Khan, "Khan of Khans", was the great leader of Mongolians. At the end of 12th century, he united Mongolian tribes and challenged other powers to expand his huge Mongolian empire, which extended from South China to the Caspian Sea. In 1277, Khan attacked the West Xia Kingdom (presently Ningxia) and encountered strong resistance. He died of disease and age. The great emperor was later buried secretly according to Mongolian custom. It says that after the burial 2,000 men were slaughtered by some 800 soldiers who were in turn executed so that the location of the real tomb remains a secret.

Meidai Lamasery

Meidai Lamasery, lying in Tumd Right Banner at the southern foot of Daqing Mountain, was built by Longqing Emperor Altan khan, chief of Tumd Mongolian Tribe of the Ming Dynasty. The Lamasery is, in fact, the combination of a town and a temple. It is some 50 km away from Baotou City. In the region of Longqing, Altan khan accepted the bestowed title of "Prince of Shunyi," he built the town and the temple. In 1575, the first town and temple was completed, and the royal court bestowed name of Fu'hua. In 1606, the missionary named Maidalihutukertu came to do missionary work here, so it is also called Maidali temple with a circumference of 681 meters, and has an area of 400,000 sq. meters. Clay combined with stones forms the wall of the city, the total length of which is 681 meters, forms a rectangle shape.

Resonant Sand Gorge

The Resonant Sand Gorge, located 50km south of the city proper, is more a place of natural beauty than of historical importance. The Gorge is a part of the vast Gobi desert that starts just to the south of Baotou and that spreads over Inner Mongolia, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia and Xinjiang provinces. The sand gorge is a not easily accessible area of numerous sand dunes that rise up to levels of over 90 meters. It receives its name from the echoing Shhhh that the sand makes as you step on its surface. Visitors here can try camel rides, can parasail, can slide the dunes or simply build sand castles.

Wudangzhao Lamasery

Located about 70km to the northeast of Baotou, the 250-year-old Lamasery is the largest of its kind in western Inner Mongolia. The style of Buddhism that is practiced here, of the Yellow Hat Sect (Gelukpa), has a strong following in Mongolia, ever since the Mongols invaded Tibet in the thirteenth century, and nowadays this area still attracts pilgrims in a multitude. The Lamasery is named Wudangzhao, literally Willow Lamasery in Mongolian, because the area around the temple has long been covered by these wispy trees. The original name of Wudang temple is Badager temple. The word of Badager in Tibetan language means white lotus.

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The airport is 2km southeast of the city's eastern or Donghe district. Taxis are RMB 20-30 to Donghe and RMB 40-50 to the western section of the city. For those on a budget, it is possible to walk to the eastern section of the city, and catch bus No.5 or 10 to the western section. From the west a CAAC bus leaves from the CAAC office for RMB10. Baotou is connected by regular flights to and from such major cities as Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, and less regularly to cities including Xi'an, Yulin, Shijiazhuang, Wuhan and Lanzhou.


Baotou has connections with a number of cities including Hohhot (2-3hrs.), Beijing (13hrs.), Tianjin (7.5hrs.), Taiyuan (13.5hrs.) and Shanghai (32hrs.). There are two railway stations in the city, one in the western section, south of the Kundulun District (Baotou zhan), and the other in the eastern section, south Donghe (Baotou dongzhan or Donghe zhan). All trains into the city stop at both stations, so ask before alighting.


Buses to Hohhot (3hrs.) and Dongsheng (2hrs.) depart from the Baotou bus station. For destinations further field, it is probably better to take the train. Buses are mainly used for traveling to nearby sites, such as Genghis Khan's Mausoleum, Wudangzhao Monastery and the Resonant Gorge. The main bus station is in the eastern section of the city, opposite the Donghe railway station. There are also long distance buses leaving from the station near the intersection of Tuanjie Street (Tuanjie Dajie) and Baiyun Ebo Road (Baiyun Ebo Lu).

City transportation

Minibuses shuttle back and forth within the city for just RMB2.5. Taxis and mini-vans congregate around the railway station and tourist hotels. Although the minimum you have to pay is RMB 6, it is still worth bargaining for longer journeys. Bike renting is also possible.

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Map of Baotou


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