Cambodia Travel Information
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Country || History || Area || Climate || Geography || Culture Tradition || Festivals and Event
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Country

ViewFull country name : Kingdom of Cambodia
Area : 181,035 sq km (11,224 sq mi)
Population : 12 million (growth rate 2.2%)
Capital city : Phnom Penh (pop one million)
People : 94% ethnic Khmers, 4% Chinese, 1% Vietnamese
Language : Khmer, English and French
Religion : 95% Buddhist, Cham Muslim and Roman Catholic
Government : Constitutional Monarchy
Head of state : King Norodom Sihanouk
Prime Minister : Hun Sen

GDP :
US$3 billion
GDP per head : US$300
Annual growth : 4%
Inflation : 4%
Major products/industries : Timber, rubber, shipping, rice milling, textiles and fishing
Major trading partners : Vietnam, Thailand, Singapore, USA, Hong Kong, Taiwan

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History

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The history of Cambodia began in the first century A.D with the establishment of a State called Funan. Funan is still renowned as being the oldest Indianized State in the whole of Southeast Asia. Modern day Khmer customs and language evolved from this period in time.

Sanskrit, which is part of the Mon Khmer family dialect, was the written and spoken language of that time. The officially known religion began with Hinduism, which over the years evolved into Buddhism. Distinct characteristics of that period still remain today. These features can be recognized in ancient buildings, and ancient farming methods, as well as country clothing.

The State of Funan was situated in what is known today as the southern province of and lasted for a period of 600 years. This dynasty gave way to the powerful Angkor Empire that was eventually responsible for establishing the Khmer Kingdom, as we know it today.

The following generation of powerful kings that belonged to the Angkorian dynasty are believed to have come from India and Javanese part of today's Cambodia. The dynasty reigned for a period of 650 years, and their empire covered much of South East Asia, as we know it today. Their territory stretched from Burma, which lies east, to the South China Sea and further north, right up to Laos.

Khmer kings, during this golden period of rule, built the most ornate and extensive temples or prasats known to mankind. These spectacular constructions were built throughout the kingdom, Angkor Wat, is of course the most famous. Amongst the most successful of the Angkorean kings was Preah Bat Jaya Varman II, Preah Bat Indra Varman I, Preah Bat Surya VarmanII, and Preah Bat Jaya Varman VII. Besides building the most majestic prasats on earth, they were also responsible for huge agricultural feats of engineering which included sophisticated irrigation systems, great water reservoirs, and countless canal systems that guaranteed food transport. Some of these systems are still in use even today.

Angkor became the capital of a great kingdom and the centre for government, education, religion, and commerce. However, in the late 13th century a sudden shift of power took place. Angkor was invaded and eventually, completely ravaged. Mankind’s most predominant creation on earth was plunged into total destruction. The entire population and wealth of a once proud civilization was abandoned and covered by tropical forest.

Following the abandonment of Angkor, Cambodia's capital population migrated south to Long Vek, then further to Ou Dong, and eventually to Phnom Penh. The destruction of the mighty Angkorian capital also caused a decline, adaptation, and eventual replacement of Hinduism. Theravada Buddhism became the national religion.

From the 15th century to the 17th century, Cambodia often found itself encroached by neighboring Thai and Vietnamese forces. They resisted, but eventually succumbed to a European colonial power. In 1863, Preah Bat Norodom signed a Protectorate Treaty which France, which consequently placed Cambodia under French rule for the next 90 years.

After the death of Preah Bat Norodom in 1904, Preah Bat Sisowath, cousin to King Norodom, was subsequently crowned as the new king of Cambodia.

However, the throne returned to the Norodom family with the following coronation of Preah Bat Norodom Sihanouk, our current monarch, in 1941. At that time he was only 18 years old.

Shortly after that, during the Second World War in 1945, the Japanese ousted the French. King Norodom Sihanouk took the opportunity to free Cambodia from foreign control. For many years following, His majesty campaigned tirelessly for this objective, and was eventually rewarded. Cambodian was granted its independence in 1953. The Independence ceremony marked the end of 90 years of French protectorate rule. In 1959, King Norodom Sihanouk abdicated the throne, turning the position of Kingship over to his father, Preah Bat Norodom Soramarith. Then, Prince Norodom Sihanouk, became the Head of State and ruled the government.

From 1950 through to 1970, the Kingdom of Cambodia was self-sufficient and prosperous. It excelled in many areas of development. Cambodia was then known as the jewel of the Orient. Unfortunately the prosperity was very short lived. As war started to escalate in Vietnam, Cambodia's borders increasingly became the targets of American and Vietnamese aggression. On March 18th, 1970, General Lon Nol, backed by the Americans,  overthrew the Head of State Prince Norodom Sihanouk. Consequently, Cambodia became deeply involved in the war, fighting mainly against the Communist Khmer fighting faction, the Khmer Rouge. Lon Nol's control over Cambodia's government lasted for a period of barely five years, being eventually overthrown by the Khmer Rouge, headed by Pol Pot on the 17th of April 1975.

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History repeated itself once again as soon as Pol Pot invaded. The entire population evacuated the city leaving a once vibrant capital in ruin and decay. After the evacuation, The Khmer Rouge tricked Prince Norodom Sihanouk in to returning to Phnom Penh to be Head of State, but he was not allowed to Phnom Penh to be Head of State, but he was not allowed to leave the Palace walls-in effect he was placed under house arrest. The Khmer Rouge then proceeded to implement a “reign of terror” on Cambodia's entire population. People were brutally forced to work as slaves in the rice fields. These people had to endure long periods of hard, painful labor while effectively being starved at the same time. Pol pot's Kampuchean force labor camps tortured, killed or starved to death an estimated 2 million people, including women and children who they savagely put to death indiscriminately.

In 1979, The People's Republic of Kampuchea, supported by Vietnamese, liberated the capital. This presented the opportunity for the country to become re-established once again. Throughout the 1980's, Cambodia, with the assistance of the Vietnamese re-built their economy.

In1989,  the Vietnamese withdrew from Cambodia and the country was re-named "State of Cambodia." In 1991, a Paris Peace Accord created the United Nations Transitional Authority (UNTAC) which was backed by some 22,000 United Nations troops to prepare the first, free and fair general election. In May 1993 UNTAC supervised Cambodia's first general election. Preah Bat Norodom Sihanouk Was subsequently re-instated as King. A second general election was held in July 1998.

Today, the Kingdom of Cambodia is once again a peaceful place to visit. It is, at present, in the process of getting rebuilt. Cambodia now in-corporates a Parliamentary Government system, with His Majesty Preah Bat Norodom Sihanouk Varman, King and Head of State; H.E. Samdech Chea Sim, President of the Senate; H.R.H. Samdech Krom Preah Norodom Ranariddh, President of the National Assembly and H.E. Samdech Hun Sen, Prime Minister. His Majesty effectively remains the symbol of national unity for the people of Cambodia who hold him dear to their hearts.

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Area

Area Capital City

181,035km2.  It is bordered to the North by Thailand and Laos, to the East and the South by Vietnam, and to the South and the West by the Gulf of Thailand.

Phnom Penh (Population approx 2 Million, 290 square kilometers). It is considered the center of Industry, Administration, Commerce, and Tourism.
Population
13,124,764 Million (2003 est.) (90-95% Khmers) the balance being ethnic Chinese, Cham, ethnic Vietnamese and hill-tribe people.

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Climate

Climate Food and Drink

Cambodia has four seasons:
   1. Nov-Feb, cool/dry
   2. Mar-May, hot/dry
   3. Jun-Aug, hot/wet
   4. Sep-Oct, cool/wet

 

 

Rice and fish are the basic foods enjoyed by Cambodians. Delicious noodle soups are available at cafes. Fresh seafood is plentiful at Sihanouk Ville. In major cities a wide range of culinary fare is on offer including; Chinese, Thai, French, Korean, Japanese, Indian, Vietnamese and Middle

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Geography

ViewCambodia, a country in Southeast Asia in the southern part of Indochina, covers an area of 181,035 square kilometers and has a population of 13,124764 million (2003 est.). The country's shape is an almost-square polygon, with Kampong Thom Province as its central point. The country extends 440 kilometers from north to south and 560 kilometers from west to east. This shape makes Cambodia easy for tourists to navigate and poses no difficulties for the development of tourism.

Among the 10 member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Cambodia ranks eight in land size and seventh in population. Its geographical location makes Cambodia an easily accessible econtourism destination for travelers in neighboring countries and other parts of the world.

The country is situated gegraphically beween the 10th and 15th parallels north latitude and the 102th and 108th parallels east latitude.

Boundaries of the Country

The borders of Cambodia encompass 2,600 kilometers of which five-sizths are land and one-sixth is costal border.

Land Boundaries

The Kingdom of Cambodia is bounded on the northeast by the people's Democratic Republic of Laos, on the east and southeast by the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, and on the west and northwest by the Kingom of Thialand.

Coastal Boundary

The coastal boundary of Cambodia is 440 kilometers with medium depth tropical sea, rich in aquatic creatures that are good for aquatic business. In addition, there are beautiful, uninhabited islands, virgin beaches, white sand and fresh air, which are also good for touism.

Topography of Land

Cambodia's land surface is deep and plain at the middle since it is surrounded by mountain and plateaus. In the southwest lies the coastal area.

As regards tourism development, Cambodia is classified by four types of topography:

Plain Area

This area covers 25,069 square kilometers. The total population of the plain area is 5,898,305 or about 51.6 percent of the entire population, and the population density is 235 persons per square kilometer, according to the 1998 census. This area consists of 63 districts, 700 communes and 6,414 villages. The capital city of Phnom Penh, as well as Kandal, Kampong Cham, Svay Riend, Prey Veng and Takeo provinces are located in this area.

The plain area is the most crowded inhabited by many races of people including Khmer, Chinese, Vietnamese, Cham, Thai, Lao and Westerners. Minority groups including Kuoy and Steang also live in the Krek and Memut distric in Kompong Cham province.

Surrounded Great Lake Tonle Sap Area

This area covers 67,668 square kilometers. the total population of the surrounding Great Lake Tonle sap area is 3,505,448 or about 30.7 percent of the entire population of Cambodia, and the population density is 57 persons per square kilometer, according to the 1998 census. It consists of 60 districs, 488 communes and 4,041 villages. The area includes Kampong Thom, Siem Reap, Banteay Meanchey, Battambang, Pursat, Kampong Chhnang and Oddar Meanchey provinces and Pailin city.

The surrounding Tonle Sap area is inhabited by many races of people, including Khmer, Chinese, Vietnamese and Cham. In addition, there are a number of minority hill tribes such as Sa Och, Steang and Samre, who inhabit the mountainous area.

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Coastal Area

Cambodia's coastal area covers 17,237 square kilometers. The total population living in the coastal area is about 845,000 people, or about 49 persons per square kilometer, according to the 1998 census. It consists of 21 districts, 152 communes and 705 villages. The area includes Sihanoukville, Kampot and Koh Kong provinces, and Kep city. All lie along Cambodia's southwestern coast, which is 440 kilometers long. Sihanoukville is the mid point of the coastal area. It is 232 kilometers from Phnom Penh.

About 80 percent of the population of the coastal area is Khmer, although Cham, Vietnamese, Chinese, Thai and ethnic minorities such Sa Och also live here. Most of people living along the coast have a good life. They earn their living by farming and fishing.

The topography of Cambodia's coastal area is mountainous, plateau, plain, coast, seaside and gulf. There is much sand in this area. Palm oil, rubber, coconuts, pepper, durian and other crops can be grown in this area. It is also rich in vaieties of mangrove.

The total length of the Cambodian coastal area has been disputed over the year. The generally accepted length is 440 kilometers, although a 1997 survey by the DANIDA organization set the length at 435 kilometers, while the Oil Authority in 1973 determined the coast to be 450 kilometers long. In Cambodian schools, however, the 440 kilometer figure is used.

Cambodia's gulf, which divides the country from the Malacca subcontinent, is not very deep, averaging only 50 meters. The maximum depth is 81 meters. The bottom is plain.

There are 60 islands in Cambodia's coastal waters. They include 23 in Koh Kong province, 2 in Kampot province, 22 in Sihanoukville and 13 in Kep city.

Plateau and Mountainous Area

This area covers 68,061 square kilometers. The total population of mountainous and plateau region is 1,189,042 or about 10.3 percent of the country's entire population, and the population density is 17 persons per square kilometer, according to the 1998 census. It consists of 39 districts, 283 communes and 2,246 villages. The area includes Kampong Speu, Kratie, Stung Treng, Preah Vihear, Rattanakiri, and Mondulkiri provinces.

The mountainous and plateau region is inhabited by many races of people, including Khmer, Chinese, Vietnamese, Laotian, and Thai. In addition, there are 18 minority groups. They include Pnong, Steang, Kraol, Ro Oung, Tumpun, Tmuon, Bruv, Smil, Kuoy, Ar Norng, Charay, Kreung, Roder, Kha, Sa Och, Kachok, Kavet and Lun. Of these minority groups, the Pnong are the largest, comprising about 45 percent of the minority population.

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Culture Tradition

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Traditional arts and crafts are abundant in Cambodia. Scuptures., paintings and curving done with great care and attention. One can view such antiquities in market place, shop or museum.

The variety of arts and crafts are large in range and include such item as: silver and gold jewellery, wicker were furniture, fine hard wood furniture, silks, marble sculptures, high quality China, leather ware and much more. There is a sharp eye for detail here and much of the products will be intricately carved especially the furniture, sculptures etc.

Unfortunately, much of these works completely ceased to exist during the Khmer Rouge dictatorship. Artisans ware instead forced to work in labour camps, where most of them died painful deaths. Many arts and crafts also purposely perished during that time.

Today there has been a revival, due to a great deal of restoration work, which has been initiated by foreign governments. Now many centers have been established to keep the ancient methods of the craftwork alive. You can see examples of this throughout the country.

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Festivals and Event

ViewJanuary 01
International New Year’s Day

January 07
Victory Day over Genocide

March 08
International Women's Day

April 13-16

Khmer New Year
The New Year Festival spans three days following the end of the harvest season. People clean and
decorate their houses with altars of offerings. People play many traditional games at this time of the year.

May 01
International Labour Day

May 15
Visaka Bochea Day
Birthday of Buddha.


May 19
Royal Ploughing Ceremony
The Royal Ploughing ceremony announces the start of the planting season. The
ploughing is performed by a man, King, who leads the yoke and plough, followed by a woman, the Queen, who sows seeds.

June 01

International Children's Day

June 18
Samdech Preah
Reach Aka Mohesey Norodom Monineath Sihanouk’s Birthday

September 24

Constitution's Day and Recoronation Day of H.M. Preah Bat Samdech
Preah Norodom Sihanouk

September 24-26
Pchum Ben Day

October

This is a 30-day religious festival when town and country folks march in procession to the pagoda where the monks are waiting to change their old saffron robes for new ones offered during the festivals. The ceremony brings spiritual merit to both lay people and the monks.

ViewOctober 7-9
Water Festival, Moon Festival

October 23

Paris Peace Agreement on Cambodia

Oct 30-31, Nov 01
H
.M.Preah Bat Samdech Preah Norodom Sihanouk's Birthday

November 09

Independence Day
The date Cambodia achieved independence from France in 1953 is marked by a
parade of spectacular floats highlighting the nation’s achievements.

December 10

United Nations Human Rights Day
A festival of many traditional dance forms.

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Local Customs

You are advised to keep away from large gatherings, demonstrations and political meetings. You should also avoid expressing forcible opinions on Cambodian politics or culture.

Marriages between Cambodians and foreigners have been suspended until further notice. The Cambodian Government has instructed all registrar officers in Cambodia to temporarily stop issuing certificates of marriage between Cambodians and foreigners until further notice. Please see BE Phnom Penh website for more details.

The sexual abuse of children is a serious crime. The UK and Cambodian authorities are committed to combating travelling child sex offenders and the Cambodian government continues to crack down on those who commit such offences. Those arrested and convicted can expect to receive long sentences in a Cambodian prison where facilities are very poor. The UK has no prisoner transfer agreement with Cambodia and those found guilty can expect to serve their full prison term in Cambodia. Legislation in the UK, The Sex Offenders Act 1997, can be used to prosecute in the UK those who commit sex offences against children abroad and has already been used successfully in cases of British nationals who have committed such offences in Cambodia.

You should never get involved with drugs; penalties for drug offences including those involving Class C drugs are severe. Prison sentences can be long and served in grim conditions.

You should not take photographs in or near airports or military bases. You should ask permission before taking pictures of members of the public especially monks and other religious figures. When entering religious sites it is a courtesy to dress in appropriate clothing, avoiding shorts and torn clothing. You are expected to remove your shoes when entering temples and private accommodation.

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Currency

Cambodian has its own currency: riel and kaq (100 kaq = 1 riel). Click at any number to see each type of notes.

Cambodia has recently emerged as a one of the most popular tourist destinations in world and a peek into the Cambodia Overview will make things clear. Cambodia is a kingdom in Southeast Asia with a population of almost 15 million people, with Phnom Penh being the capital city. This country was once the seat of the once powerful Hindu and Buddhist Khmer Empire, which ruled most of the Indochinese Peninsula between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries. The country has Thailand as a neighbor to its west and northwest, with Laos to its northeast, and with Vietnam to its east and southeast. In the south it faces the Gulf of Thailand. The official currency of Cambodia is used less often than US dollars.

It is often jokingly said the "real" currency of Cambodia is the US dollar. In fact if you are staying in Phnom Penh or visiting Angkor you can pay for almost all goods in US dollars.

The actual currency of Cambodia is riel. There have been two distinct issues of riels in the history of currency at Cambodia. The first time it was issued was between 1952 and 1975. The second time it was issued was in 1980. The country has no monetary system between 1975 and 1980 i.e. there was no riel or any kind of currency in Cambodia during this time period. In the past the currency of Cambodia had also come out in Cambodian tical and Cambodian franc versions.

When the currency of Cambodia, riel, was re-established in 1980 it was valued at 4 riels = 1 US dollar. It is subdivided into 10 kak or 100 sen. Later issues of banknotes went up to 100,000 riels. However, due to low prices in Cambodia, currency in Cambodia above 20,000 riels is rarely seen.

The currency of Cambodia is today used mainly for buying local produce and other merchandise. The US dollar, especially the one-dollar bill, is very prevalent throughout Cambodia for almost all purposes and is often preferred to the riel, earning the tag of unofficial second currency in Cambodia.

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Cambodian Food

food FlowerMarket FruitStand

Have you ever tried Thai, Chinese, or Vietnamese food? Well, Cambodian food is a relative of all of those foods! In Cambodia, the foods that everyone eats every day are rice and fish. People eat the rice, fried, steamed, or as rice noodles. They eat the fish fresh, dried or salted.

A Cambodian Food You Might Not Want to Eat! Cambodians always want to ask foreigners if they want to eat "prohoc," which is one Cambodian food which they think foreigners can't possibly be able to eat. Prohoc is made from rotten fish which is left to ferment to become a fish paste, which they eat with rice. Although this description makes prohoc sound worse than it is, many foreigners have a difficult time getting accustomed to its rather strong taste! What is especially interesting is that Cambodians call cheese "prohoc barang," which means French prohoc. To Cambodians, cheese must taste like rotten fish paste!

Seasonings which Cambodians like to use include hot peppers, lemon grass, ginger and mint.

Many older Cambodians chew betel nuts. Chewing betel nuts turns their teeth and gums a dark shade of red. The Cambodians consider dark teeth to be beautiful because white teeth are like the teeth of a skull. Even Cambodians who do not chew betel nuts often deliberately darken their teeth with paste. So, don't be alarmed when you often see people spitting out a jet of red liquid which looks rather like blood. This is in fact the juice from betel nuts, chewed for its digestive and mildly stimulating effects!

Desserts are made from either fruit or rice. Cambodians love to eat very sweet desserts. In the cities, ice cream is popular but in the countryside there is no way of keeping it cold. Tea is the most readily available drink but Cambodians also like coffee which was introduced by the French. They like to drink it with very sweet condensed milk.

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Things to Know

Cambodia continues to attract the tourists based on the element of suspense and adventure that it owns till date. A lot of Cambodian land remains unexplored especially the area, which do not fall in the common route taken by the tourists. There are certain things, which you must keep in mind so that you have a memorable and enjoyable trip. The Cambodia Tourist information provides you with Cambodia Things to Know .

The Things to Know in Cambodia would give you the required information about money, currency, safety measures to be taken, police information, customs and visas. Along with that you will also be given certain Travel tips for Cambodia, which will come handy during your travel.

Cambodia Things to Know includes the following:

  • Safety Measures : To experience a really trouble free travel, you need to keep certain things in mind. Since, the country is still infested with terrorism it is advised to hold on to the travel guide and avoid straying from the main path. Night outs are a big NO in Cambodia. Just be aware whenever you are in a public place, which is crowded with foreigners.
  • Money and Currency : The Riel and US dollar are two currencies, which are accepted in Cambodia. One US Dollar is equivalent to 4,000 Reil. Exchange is available for Thai Baht and Euros also. VISA or Master Card and Traveler's Checks can be used to withdraw money from banks.
  • Visa Information : Cambodian Visa is very easy to get from any country border. The Visa is valid for 30 days. The validity can be extended to 30 days more. The visa can be obtained by travelers from US, UK, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand
  • Police in Cambodia : If you need help from the police then they are present everywhere to help. You just have to show a bit of gratitude to get your work done.
  • Travel Tips for Cambodia : If you want to taste western food then visit the French colony for sure. While shopping for memorabilia or charms you can try the Russian Market or Central market.
Customs and Culture : Just respect the Buddhist tradition and be polite to the people and remember to return a smile with a smile without any speculation.

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Visas and Passport

Passports
Passport valid for at least six months after date of return from Cambodia required by all nationals referred to in the chart above.

Visas
Required by all nationals referred to in chart above.

Note: Visitors arriving by air can obtain a visa for stays of up to 30 days on arrival at Phnom Penh International Airport, Phnom Penh or Siem Reap International Airport, Angkor. Visas are also available from Immigration at the border posts of Bavet, Poi Pet and Koh Kong. Visitors are advised to check current situation before travelling. E-Visas are only valid for entry via Phnom Penh International Airport, Siem Reap International Airport, Cham Yeam land border, Poi Pet land border and Bavet land border.

Note: Nationals not referred to in the chart above are advised to contact the embassy to check visa requirements (see Contact Addresses).

Visa Note
Applications by post will only be accepted through a recognised visa courier. For further details, contact the nearest consulate (or consular section of embassy).

Nationals flying in to Phnom Penh or Siem Reap International Airport will be able to apply for a 30-day visa on arrival in Cambodia.
Types of Visa and Cost

Tourist (single-entry): £15 (£30 for express); Business (single-entry): £20 (£40 for express); Transit: £10 (£20 for express); E-Visa: US$20 plus an additional US$5 handling fee. Express visas are issued within 24 hours.

Validity
All visas are valid for a one month period, and visas issued by the embassy must be used within three months of date of issue. Extensions of up to one extra month for Tourist visas or six or 12 months for Business visas (which can be multiple) may be granted by the Ministry of the Interior at the Immigration Office in Phnom Penh.

All Foreign Visitors are now able to obtain the Cambodia visa upon arrival at the airport. It is no longer necessary to get the visa stamp at the Cambodian Embassy before your visit. Just prepare the following documents:

  • A Passport Photocopy
  • 1 photos (3 x 4 cm)
  • US$ 20 Cash for tourist visa fee (Paid directly to the Immigration)

Visa Extension

Travelers who would like to prolong their stay in Cambodia may extend their visa at the Department of Immigration situated just opposite the Pochentong Airport. The visa may be extended for 30 days at the cost of USD 25.-

Some travelers have reported that the visa extension for another one month was no longer possible, since the middle of June 2000. If you expect to stay more than a month, better get a Business visa at one shot for USD 25 with three months validity.

Visa-Free Travel Arrangement for Aseans (August 2000)
The Cambodian Government has unveiled visa-free travel arrangements with the following Asean countries: Brunei, Philippines, Thailand, and Malaysia (Singaporean and Indonesian are not exempted and required visa)

Tourist Visa

  • Submit your U.S. Passport, signed and valid 3 months beyond intended stay
  • 1 Visa Application Form, fully completed and signed
  • 1 Recent Passport-Type Photograph
  • Completed Cover Page and Credit Card Authorization forms (print from browser)
  • Copy of travel itinerary

Business Visa

  • Submit your U.S. Passport, signed and valid 6 months beyond intended stay
  • 1 Visa Application Form, fully completed and signed
  • 1 Recent Passport-Type Photograph
  • Completed Cover Page and Credit Card Authorization forms (print from browser)
  • Copy of travel itinerary
  • A business letter of financial responsibility is required, to be written on company letterhead, and addressed to: "Embassy of Cambodia, Visa Section, Washington D.C." The letter must explain the purpose of travel and duties to be performed in Cambodia and guarantee financial support for the applicant while in Cambodia.
  • Letter of invitation from host company or organization in Cambodia

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Sightseeing

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Angkor Wat

Siem Reap is a bustling tourist attraction due to its proximity to the Angkor Temple Complex, the world's largest religious monument.

This magnificent example of classical Khmer architecture combines Indian and Indochinese culture and the accumulated experience of centuries in one of the world's most beautiful monuments. This huge monument of palaces and temples was built on the sprawling alluvial plain to the north of Tonle Sap.

Banlung

Is the captial of Rattanakiri province and approximately 600 km north-east of Phnom Penh. The area is best known for its exciting ecotourism opportunities.

It is home to hill tribes like the Jorais, Tampuans and Kreungs, who live an isolated life carrying on traditions that have endured through time. Wildlife is plentiful, with manys varieties of flora and fauna. Tigers, which roam freely in the deep jungles, are a protected species.

Royal Palace

One block further south on Saigon Boulevard, which runs parallel with but inland from the Tonle Sap, stands the Royal Place. The present-day buildings were constructed earlier this century on the site of the Banteay Kev, a citadel built in 1813.

The ground plan and style of the palace building and of the temple area which is separated from them by a wall , are strongly influenced by the Royal Palace in Bangkok.

National Museum

The National Museum (formerly the Albert Sarraut Museum), north of the Royal Place on 13th street, was built of red brick by the French in 1917-1920, in a pseudo-khmer style. It is a rectangle, 210 ft by 170 ft, round a central courtyard.

In 1975, the Khme Rouge drove the museum's management out of Phnom Penh and the director was killed. The collections were decimated by the Khmer Rouge and left in total disarray. From the beginning of 1979 it was possible to carry out the most urgent repairs to the building and to rearrange the exhibits.

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Phnom Udong
Lying 40kms north of the capital, Phnom Udong was the capital of Cambodia from 1618 to 1866, and many of the ruins are in good shape including those of Ta San Mosque. There is also a memorial to the victims of the Khmer Rouge with bones of people buried in the 100 or so mass graves of the area.

Kompong Luong
The floating town of Kompong Luong is home to thousands of residents on Tonlé Sap lake. It’s quite impressive to see homes, restaurants, schools and other town structures rising and falling with the tide. You’ll find the village 40kms north of Pursat.

ViewPhsar Thom Thmei (Central Market)
A tourist attraction in its own right, the central market built during the French colonial era in 1937 is a strange yet impressive art deco structure that’s got a hint of Khmer lotus about it. In other words, it’s an artistic collaboration between French and Cambodian styles. Even if you don’t plan to buy anything get over here to take a look.

Royal Palace and Silver Pagoda
This is one of the top sights in Phnom Penh. Dating from the mid-1860s, the Royal Palace is quite opulent and on the same entry ticket is the Silver Pagoda housing a Buddha statue made mostly of gold and 10,000 diamonds.

Sihanoukville Beach
The beach at Sihanoukville is the only place where you can take part in water sports like scuba diving. It’s also a great base for exploring Ream National Park. There are several good beach areas and even a nearby waterfall where you can swim. Also in the vicinity is the resort town of Kampot.

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Accommodations

hotel hotel hotel

Cambodia has 3 main Hotels and tourist areas at present. The most famous being Angkor Wat it is sometimes called the crown jewel of South East Asia and should not be missed plan at least 3 days for the wonderful area. Where to Apply for Visa in Cambodia.

Phnom Penh is the capitol and has many wonderful things to see the Silver Palace is a must as well as shopping at the markets the 2 main ones for tourist would be the Grand Market and the Russian Market. Many will also want to see the Killing Fields and S21 the famous school prison death factory. I highly suggest that you do one and not both of these places as they will put a real negative vibe on your trip.

Sihanoukville is the forth largest city in Cambodia and has been a beach resort destination for many years now. It is the primary resort area in the country for the Khmer's as well as foreign tourist. Sihanoukville surprises people when they get here to the size of the town which was at first three separate areas that have merged over time which stretches for over 3 kilometers from the port to the new Ochhel teal golf course. Sihanoukville was know in the old days as Kompong Som and is still called that by the older people and the Thai's.

Cambodian luxury hotels have come a long way in a very short time in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap Angkor wat Luxury hotels like the Raffles and Intercontinetal have been around for a long time and are some the best in Asia 5 star hotels but the new 5 star luxury accommodations that are coming online are spectualr as well updated and created for todays luxury market they are exciting to behold. below is list of the best Luxury hotels in Cambodia.

Siem Reap hotels in Cambodia Near the world famous Angkor Wat temple complex are just as varied as the temples them selves some are grand and offer luxury like the Sokha Resort Siem Reap and old like the Raffles. Some are artistic like Banteay Sri the most artistic would be the Hotel De La Paix. Boutique hotels have a couple of representations the best overall design would be theFCC right on the river and very close the Kings Siem Reap Palace. and discount hotels you have the Casa and the Prince d Angkor both excellent value budget hotels in Siem Reap.

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Entertainment

There is a large choice of entertainment venues around Phnom Penh from lively nightclubs to quieter social venues to karaoke bars and fully licensed casinos. For those interested in cultural offerings, there is traditional Cambodian music and dance, especially the graceful and popular Apsara dancing which dates back to the Angkorian period, the Russian trained royal ballet, performances of classical Western music and the French Cultural Center offers something different every night from dance to theatre to cinema and music. Bars and night clubs are widely available especially overlooking the river.

One such place is the Foreign Correspondents' club, an interesting meeting spot for expatriate residents and foreign visitors. In addition, many international hotels provide live entertainment for their guests such as jazz pianists and vocalists singing contemporary ballads. Cambodia's guests are never short of anything interesting to do regardless of taste and personal preferences.

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Emergency Numbers

Cambodia is the country of the famous Angkor Vat Temple, which attracts several thousand tourists every year. With stability restoring in the nation, it is fast becomi9ng one of the most popular tourist destinations of the world. Another reason for the growing popularity is that the country has vast stretches of unexplored land which allures the adventurous tourists. Cambodia Tourist Information gives you all the information you might need on your travel to the country. One of the most important tourist information is the Cambodia Emergency Phone Numbers .

Cambodia Emergency Phone Numbers is all about some useful phone numbers of Cambodia, which might come handy for your travel to the country.

1. Police:

- 117

- 012 999 999

2. Fire Fighter

- 118

- 023 722 555

3. Ambulance

- 119

- 023 724 891

4. Traffic Police

- 023 722 967

5. Police Military (PM)

- 012 520 to 012 529 (These numbers can be communicated only for 012 network)

6. Tourist Police

(Phone number will be set up soon)

Siem Reap

- 011 30 30 30

- 012 40 24 24

- 016 40 24 24

Sihanouk Ville

- 012 82 62 72

- 012 89 22 55

- 012 77 47 07

7. Taxi (24hr)

- Bailey's Taxi 012 890

- Car Rental Co 012 950

8. Phnom Penh Airport

- 023 890 520

9. Express Courier

- DHL 012 965 222

10. Fedex - Federal Express

- 023 216 712

11. Security Services (24hr)

- MPA Security Service 023 210 836

- Protek - Cambodia Security 012 919 903

- SecurityK 012 822 281

- VIP Security Service 012 817 222

With all these Cambodia Emergency Phone Numbers you don't need to worry at all about your security. All that you need is just a ring away and you can rest assured that no rude voice will be waiting at the other end of the line!

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Getting There

There are direct flights to the capital of Phnom Penh from Bangkok, Hochiminh, Kualalumpur, Singapore, Hongkong, Vientiane and Guangzou. All of these cities serve as gateways to Cambodia meaning Cambodia is easily reached from further a field. Cambodia can also be reached by road from Thailand and Vietnam. Another exotic way to reach Cambodia is by river boat or sea cruise.

Flying is the quickest (and of course most expensive) way of getting to places like Angkor, Ratanakiri, Koh Kong, Stung Treng and Mondulkiri. Road travel is safer than it's been for years, but your body is still going to suffer for travelling by bus - the country's highways are in truly pathetic shape. Train travel is back on the agenda for visitors - and it's ludicrously cheap - but the journey will take much longer than by bus. Trucks and jeeps tackle the dreadful roads to Siem Reap, Battambang and Kratie, and share-taxis scoot around the south coast. With some 1900km (1180mi) of navigable waterways to utilise, boats play a major role in getting around. The most popular services operate between the capital and Siem Reap - the express service cuts the journey time down to a mere four hours. Fast boats also head up the Mekong to Kompong Cham, Kratie and Stung Treng. An effective local bus network makes travel to sights around Phnom Penh much easier than driving, particularly as cars can only be hired with a driver - and when you look at the country's highways from hell, perhaps that's all for the best. Taxis are more common in the cities these days, and cyclos and motos (small motorcycles) can be flagged down for short hops.

By Air : Limited flight to Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur and Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)
By Road : Buses take around 6 hours to travel from Ho Chi Minh City to Phnom Penh via the Moc Bai border crossing.
By Sea : Passenger ferries travel to Vietnamese port of Chau Doc in the Mekong Delta from Phnom Penh.

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Map of Cambodia

map

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