The Berlin Wall
The Berlin wall was built to separate the Eastern part of Berlin, which embraced communism during the cold war, from the Western part of Berlin which did not embrace communism.
The fall of the Berlin wall in 1989 was one of the clearest signs of the fall of communism, which was associated with great repression of human rights.
Though much of Berlin wall was demolished to signify the unification of Berlin, Vestiges of the wall are still visible in the city.
A good place to check out the Berlin wall is at the Mauerpark (Wall Park) museum, and Checkpoint Charlie at Friedrichstrasse 43-45 – which at the height of the cold war was an infamous border crossing point between East and West Germany.
This is one of the biggest among Berlin's several palaces, with a history stretching back to the 17th century.
Construction of the Charlottenburg palace started in the 1690s, and did not end until the 1790s.
The palace grounds are open to the public every day – except Mondays – between 9 am and 5 pm.
The palace is accessible at Spandauer Damm 10-12.
The palace grounds are also home to a remarkable baroque garden and the palace houses beautiful works of sculpture.
Even before entering to savor the exhibits at this 19th century museum, you will find the museum itself quite a sight to behold,
with its large dome and remarkable architecture.
The Bode museum is located at the junction of the two arms of the Berlin spree, and the reflection of the museum on the Spree's waters creates a sight worth savoring.
The Bode museum is open everyday between 10 am and 6 pm – except on Thursday, when the closing hours are extended to 10 pm.
Berlin played quite a significant role in the sad events of WWII, when great atrocities were committed against Jews.
The Jewish museum – which is designed to reflect some somberness - was built to pay homage to that sad part of the city's history.
The Jewish museum is located at Lindenstrasse 9-14 and is open everyday of the week between 10 am and 8pm – except on Monday, when the opening hours are extended to 10 pm.
Children are allowed free entry into the museum, but adults are charged a nominal fee for the museum’s maintenance.
East Side Gallery
The East side gallery happened spontaneously – rather than by design.
During the Cold War, artists on the Eastern side of Berlin – which had fallen to communism – were not allowed to paint.
When the wall of Berlin finally came down in 1990, artists from all over the globe flocked to Berlin and painted a mile-long mural on the wall – and thus the East Side gallery was born.
Although the artists originally painted both the west side and east side of the wall, it is mostly the paintings on the Eastern side which have survived to this day.
The East Side Gallery is located at Muhlenstrasse 1 and since it is an open wall, no entry fees are charged and there are no hour restrictions – talk about the free spirit of art!
This is where the remains of many popular people from the past, who made huge contributions to Berlin and the rest of society, are buried; including Friedrich Hegel (philosophy) and John Hartfield (art), among many other notables.
The cemetery is located at Chauseestrasse 126 and is daily during the summer, between the hours of 8am and 8pm.
Described as one of the Europe’s most beautiful plazas, this is one of the most amazing places you will ever tour; plus, it is home to many of Berlin’s attractions.
Of special note is the plaza’s old churches (a French church and a German church), the plaza’s Schauspielhaus Theater (which was built early in the 19th century and is still in use as a concert hall), and the general architecture in the plaza.
Legoland Discovery Center
Described as a fun factory, Legoland Discovery Center is abuzz with fun family-oriented activities, especially for people who want to explore their creativity.
For a modest fee of less than 15 Euros, you can have a whole day of fun, including a 4-dimensional cinema show.
For more information on the Legoland Discovery Center, which is located at 4 Potsdamer Platz.
This is the most visited of Berlin’s hundreds of Museums, recording almost a million visits annually.
This museum is home to remarkable collections of Islamic artworks and antiques from near and far.
The museum is open between 10 am and 6 pm daily – except on Thursday, when the closing hour is extended to 10 pm.
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