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Introduction

 

Imperial Palace Imperial Palace

Beijing city is the capital of China, one out of four federal territories and serves as the political and cultural centre in China. Beijing is located at the northern part of North China Plain where southeastern part is connected with Tianjin City and the rest of the area is linked with Hebei Province. Beijing is the most important gateway and hub to the international transportation.

Beijing with the 3000-year of development history with over 850 years acting as a capital, is one of famous ancient cities in China as well as a World Heritage Site. There is not much city in the world which is able to serve as the capital for such as long duration throughout the history, Beijing is one of them. The strategic location of Beijing which is surrounded by mountains has guaranteed its status as the political centre of the nation.

The glittering Beijing has turned to be a well-known modern metropolis. The National Stadium (Bird’s Nest), National Aquatics Center (Water Cube), National Centre of Performing Arts as well as CCTV Tower have become the latest landmarks of Beijing city. Beijing is keeping on developing and is ready to welcome millions of tourist from all around the world.

A conurbation of nearly 14 million people, Beijing is China’s capital and one of the four centrally administered cities in the country, the other three being Chongqing, Shanghai and Tianjin. The city is also China’s political, cultural center as well as a transport and international exchange hub.

Beijing is an ancient city well known in the world for her long history and rich culture. Her history dates back to more than 3,000 years. Half a million years ago, in the time of Beijing Man, the remote ancestor of Chinese nation, already lived at Zhoukoudian Village 48 kilometers, southwest of Beijing.

Today, Beijing in the political and cultural centre and the home of the greatest repository of monuments from imperial China, the city encompasses 17,020 square kilometers with a population currently pushing 14 million. It administers 16 districts and 2 counties.

beijing beijing
beijing beijing

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History

 

history history

About 700-thousand years ago, a tribal group which called ‘Peking Man’ was emerged at Zhoukoudian area in Beijing. The city of Beijing itself also has possessed a 3000-year of development history. According to the oldest records, Beijing was first named as Ji. In Year 1045 BC, Beijing had become the capital of Ji, Yan as well as the following dynasties. Beijing had served as the major city as well as the most important business centre in China ever since 221 BC when Qin Shi Huang unified the whole nation of China. On the 1st October 1949, Beijing was declared as the capital of People’s Republic of China.

According to the recorded materials, Beijing was first named as Ji. Ji was one of the subsidiary nations of Western Zhou Dynasty in the past 11th Century BC. In the middle of Chunqiu Era (770 BC – 476 BC), Yan which was another subsidiary nation located at the southwestern part of Ji had engulfed Ji and declared Ji as their capital. Ji remained its status as the capital of Yan until Yan was defeated by Qin on 226 BC. Qin was later referred to as Qin Dynasty.

In 938, Ji became a part of Liao Dynasty (907-1125). Liao Dynasty was founded by Khitan people, a tribe of minority in northeastern of China. During this period, Ji was named as Yanjing also. A century later, Jin Dynasty which was founded by Jurchens, another minority tribe in China had defeated Liao Dynasty and moved their capital to Yanjing in 1153 and renamed the city as Zhongdu. 36 palaces were built here within this period. According to history, the city of Zhongdu was located at Guanganmen of Beijing today. However, it was totally destroyed in the fire of war in 1215.

In the same year, the Mongols, leaded by Kublai Khan which was previously based in Northern part of China had extinguished Jin Dynasty and conquered the whole nation of China in hand with Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279). The dynasty which founded by Kublai Khan was named as Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). In 1267, Daning Palace (Beihai Park today) which was built by Jin Dynasty had been considered as the city centre for the purpose of reconstruction of the capital of Yuan Dynasty and the city was then renamed as Dadu. Four years later, Kublai Khan went on the throne and became the first emperor of Yuan Dynasty in this city which was still under construction. All the construction of the city had come to the end in 1276. The famous Italian Traveler, Marco Polo had witnessed the glory and magnificent of Dadu and therefore included this city in his travel writing which the city had been highlighted as an incomparable Dadu of Yuan Dynasty. Since then, Beijing had replaced the position of Changan, Luoyang as well as other ancient cities to become the major political center in China and the position remained until Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty. This city was basically formed the ancient old Beijing city.

Yuan Dynasty was later extinguished by Ming Dynasty which was leaded by Zhu Yuanzhang in 1368. The capital of Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) was Nanjing. Dadu was renamed as Beiping in Ming Dynasty. In 1403, after the usurpation of throne by Zhu Di, the 4th son of Zhu Yuanzhang, the capital of Ming Dynasty had transferred back to Beiping. Later, Beiping was renamed as Beijing and still remains this name till today. The construction of Forbidden City was begun during this period. 15 years had been spent for the overall construction and finally done in 1420. However, the emerged of Manchurians then led to the fall of Ming Dynasty. The Qing Dynasty (1644-1912) which was the last dynasty in China that capitalized in Beijing had defeated the Ming Dynasty. Beijing had been the capitals for many dynasties throughout the history. Since the independent of China in 1949, Beijing was again become the capital of People’s Republic of China.

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Geography

 

Beijing city at the Latitude 39 ° 54 ', longitude 116 ° 20' is situated at North China Plain between the connecting part of Taihang Mountains and Yanshan Mountains. Beijing is about 150 kilometers to the West of Bohai Sea, the innermost gulf of the Yellow Sea on the coast of northeastern China. The Southeastern part of Beijing is large plain while western and northern part of Beijing is occupied by mountains.

Beijing plain is at a average of within 20 to 60 meters above sea level, while the mountains might be around 1000 to 1500 meters above sea level. Dongling Mountain which is 2309 meters above sea level is the highest peak of Beijing. There are five main rivers flow within Beijing area, which is Chaobai River and Beiyun River at the East as well as Yongding River and Juma River at the West. The topography of Beijing is in a state of mountains at the western and northern part while lower in comparison at the eastern and southern part of Beijing.

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Culture

 

Beijing Opera Beijing Opera Beijing Opera

Beijing Culture - In Beijing the cultural aspects of the city have survived both time and war. Still the area has wonderful structures, museums and many pieces of artwork that line the city and make visitors so aware of the intricate patience of its people.

One of the main forms of Art in China is accomplished with a brush and ink is called Calligraphy. It has been known as China's highest form of visual art. The people put very much attention on this art form. It has been said that they regard a person's character by being judged as to the elegance of their handwriting!

The official Chinese language spoken in Beijing is Mandarin, however the Chinese call it Putonghua. Almost 70 percent of the population in China speaks Putonghua.

The theatre or Opera in China is a major cultural attraction and it has inspired the martial arts and acrobats also because of the role of the music. The area is filled with theatres and rightly so. The Chinese people love music as well as art and hold it closely to their souls.

Chinese Cuisine is known in four regional categories: Beijing/Mandarin and Shandong, Cantonese and Chaozhou, Shanghainese, and Sichuan. The Chinese drink is Tea and beer the most alcoholic. In the restaurants in Beijing you may feast upon the Chinese cuisine and tasty it is. Their well-known foods are frequently loved by many a visitor to their land.

So much of the way of the Chinese is interesting to say the least and as you see their country and learn their ways it is more than a deeply bound respect you will find for the city as well as its people. It is the appreciation that will liken you to want to visit again and again, perhaps the next time knowing the proper culture etiquettes to be more like them.

A) Temples and Religions

Beijing has many temples. Through them you can learn about the development of different religions in Beijing. Tanzhe Temple, the largest of all the Buddhist temples in Beijing, has a long history dating back as early as the 3rd century AD (Jin Dynasty). The largest Taoist temple in Beijing is the White Cloud Temple. Built during the Tang Dynasty, it was once the Taoist center of North China.

Tibetan Buddhism was introduced to Beijing before the Yuan Dynasty (1271 AD). Tibetan Buddhist temple (Lama temples) have been built in Beijing since that time. White Dagoba Temple is one of the earliest Lama temples in existence, and dates back at the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty. The Yonghe Lamasery is the city's largest Lama temple, serving as the upper court of the Yellow Sect Lamaism. It was built in the Qing Dynasty.

Forbidden City Guomoruo
siheyuan siheyuan

B) Landmark Structures

1. Forbidden City

The Forbidden City is the largest and most magnificent cluster of ancient buildings in China. It is a great achievement of Chinese architecture. Built between 1406 and 1420 during the Ming Dynasty, it was residence to two dynasties of emperors, the Ming and the Qing. From the palace the emperors governed China. The construction of the Forbidden City symbolized the supremacy of emperors.

2. Ming Tombs

This is an imperial tomb site where 13 Ming emperors were buried. The Dingling Tomb is the second-largest tomb, and it is the first of the 13 tombs to be excavated and opened to the public. It is an example of a typical imperial tomb.

3.Summer Palace

Located in a northwestern suburb of Beijing, the Summer Palace is an immense park containing some Chinese traditional architecture and arts. It was built and served as a royal garden during the Qing Dynasty. It exhibits the quintessence of the Chinese classical landscape gardening. The halls, the pavilions, the corridors, the pagodas, the bridges and the water were elaborately arranged. The long Corridor is one of the most exquisite structures in the garden. It is over 700 meters long and decorated with thousands of Chinese traditional paintings.

4. Tiantan (The Temple of Heaven)

The perfection of Ming architecture, Tiantan now symbolizes Beijing. It was considered highly sacred ground and it was here that the Ming and Qing emperors performed the major ceremonial rites of the year.

5. The Great Wall

The Great Wall stretches from Shanhaiguan Pass on the east coast of the Bohai Sea to Jiayuguan Pass in the West Bobi Desert, crossing five provinces and two autonomous regions. The undertaking was begun 2,000 years ago during the Qin Dynasty (221-207 BC), when China was unified under Emperor Qin Shihuang. Separate sections of the walls, constructed by independent kingdoms during the Warring States period to keep out marauding nomads, were linked up.

6. Confucius Temple

The Confucius Temple was first built in the Yuan Dynasty (1302 AD). It is the largest in China after the one at Qufu in East China's Shandong Province. This magnificent group of buildings shows the importance of Confucius and his philosophy.

C) Arts

1. Beijing Opera

Beijing Opera is the most popular of all the opera styles in China. It developed from classical singing and dance styles dating from the Ming Dynasty and gradually merged by the late 18th and early 19th centuries into the Beijing Opera we see today.

庙会2. Acrobatics

Acrobatics are a combination of folk art forms the started from about 2,000 years ago.

D) Handicrafts

Beijing is famous for handicrafts. Well-known handicrafts produced in Beijing include cloisonn? glassware, ivory sculptures, carpets, and snuff bottles with painting inside.

E) Beijing's Traditional Cuisine

Beijing has many traditional cuisine specialties, including Beijing duck, Mongolian hotpot, Muslim barbecue, and Beijing traditional folk food. Imperial and the Tanjia cuisine are examples of Beijing's traditional cuisine.

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Climate

 

summer
winter
spring autumn

Beijing's climate is defined as "continental monsoon." The four seasons are distinctly recognizable. Spring and autumn is the best time to be in Beijing, particularly in the months of April, May, September and October. Autumn is considered to be the best time to visit Beijing as the skies are clear and the weather is very comfortable. The four seasons are very clear in Beijing with a temperate spring, rainy summer, clear autumn, and a cold, snowy winter.

The average temperature throughout the year is 11.80. The coldest month is January with an average temperature of -4.60 and the hottest month is July at an average temperature of 26.10. Unfortunately, spring and autumn are shorter than summer and winter. Although winter is technically longer, that should not keep you from traveling to Beijing as indoor heating is widely available. Nevertheless, as the indoor/outdoor temperature difference is rather large, travelers should be prepared with warm clothing and a thick coat is recommended for the colder months of the year. In winter, off-season discounts are to be had as well.

Bilingual weather information can be obtained by dialing 121 when in Beijing. The average precipitation in a year is 644 mm. The frost-free period is 180-days.

Month Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Temperature (Celsius)

-4.6

-2.2

4.5

13.1

19.8

24.0

25.8

24.4

19.4

12.4

4.1

-2.7

Rainfall (cm)

3.0

7.4

8.6

19.4

33.1

77.8

192.5

212.3

57.0

24.0

6.6

2.6

Days of rainfall

2.0

3.1

4.1

4.6

5.9

9.7

14.1

13.2

6.8

5.0

3.7

1.6


 Four Seasons  Spring  Summer  Autumn  Winter
 Apr 1- May 25  May 26- Sep 5  Sep 6- Oct 25  Oct 26- Mar 31
 65 days  95 days  45 days  160 days

 

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Delicious Food
delicious delicious
delicious
delicious delicious delicious

China cuisine is renowned all over the world for its appearance, aroma, and flavour. Its unique style of preparation, cooking and presentation can be traced to the beginnings of Chinese history more than 5,000 years ago. As the capital of China for Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, Beijing developed its own unique cuisines incorporating the form in the imperial kitchens of the Qing Dynasty. Among the most famous dishes or styles which found their way from the imperial court to public restaurants are Court Cuisine, Beijing Roast Duck, Tan Cuisine, Mongolian Hot Pot, and Barbecued Meat.

If all this talk of food is making you hungry (well, except maybe the mung bean milk), get up and grab some grub. Longtime Beijingers go to Hua Tian restaurant near Hu Guo Temple to satisfy their snacking needs. In ancient times snack vendors would gather in the area during temple fairs held on the eighth of every month (lunar calendar). Though the temple fairs ended long ago, bringing an end to the gathering of snack vendors, Beijingers say Hua Tian has managed to recreate the tastes of the area's past. If you visit early in the morning you'll find yourself surrounded by the city's elderly population drinking their mung bean milk and eating their pea flour cake, and picking their… you know.

If you want to get a feel for the life of a longtime Beijing resident, you could start by walking the city streets until your boogers turn black. Or you could eat some traditional Beijing snacks, foods that have been satisfying the city's populace for centuries. Here are a few of the most popular:

Court Cuisine/宫廷菜肴:

Court Cuisine, as the name suggests, consists of dishes once prepared exclusively for the imperial family. Every dynasty in Chinese history had an “imperial kitchen” to prepare meals for the emperor and his consorts. The dishes were not nonly meticulously prepared, but also included rare and expensive foodstuffs, such as bear’s nests, sharksfins, venison, sea cucumbers, duck webs and other delicacies of land and sea. The Court Cuisine of today is based on the dishes prepared by the Qing imperial kichens but further developed ever since.

Beijing Roast Duck/北京烤鸭:

Beijing Roast Duck is prepared from specially-bred Beijing crammed duck with a unique roasting process which gives it a perfect combination of colour, aroma and taste, a crisp thin skin, and a mouth-melting, and delicious flavour.
Beijing Roast Duck dates back 300 years, and originated in the imperial kitchens of Jingling (today’s Nanjing).

Mutton Hot Pot/ 涮羊肉:

Mutton Hot Pot is a Muslim specialty. All the year round, the family, relatives, and friends would gather round the fire and eat in intimacy and warmth. It has now spread to people of all nationalities including foreign diplomats and overseas visitors in Beijing and become one of the capital’s most celebrated dishes. The hot pot used to be a brass pot with a wide outer rim around a chimney and a charcoal burner underneath. Nowadays electric pot is used. Water containing mushrooms and dried shrimps is boiled in a pot. Thin pieces of raw mutton are cooked with chopsticks in a self-service pot of boiling water. Diners dip thin slices of chopsticks in a self-service pot of boiling water. Diners dip thin slices of raw mutton into the water, where the meat cooks rapidly. The cooked slices are then dipped into a sauce. This cooking method ensures that the meat is both tender, and tasty. Cabbage, noodles and pea starch noodles and gradually added to the boiling water, which becomes a very rich broth drunk at the end of the meal.

Red mansions Banquet / 红楼宴:

Generally speaking in famous literary works, none excels the classic novel A Dream of Red Mansions written by Cao Xueqin(?---1763) in the description of gourmet of table delicacies. With regard to the more than 400 characters of the Ning Mansion and the Rong Mansion, the book gives spectacular details of banquets, big or small, seasonal delicacies, tonics of four seasons, fine pastries, gruel, soups, noodles and top quality wines as well. The description of these delicacies is not only closely linked with the characterization and plot of the monumental works, but also gives a complete devoted readers of the book in the past and at the present regret being unable to savour in person the delicious food described by Cao Xueqing.

Tan Cuisine / 潭家菜:

Tan Cuisine originated in the household of Tan Zongjun, a bureaucrat of the late Qing Dynasty. Very particular about their food and drink, Tan Zongjun and his son Tang ZhuangQing would pay high fees to hire skilled chefs to cook at their home. In this way the Tan family created a cuisine based on Guangdong cuisine, one that incorporates the best elements of house gradually made their cuisine famous. After the fall of the Qing Dynasty, the then impoverished Tan opened a small restaurant, and thus Tan element of home-style cooking in Beijing households.

Barbecued Meat/ 烤肉宛 :

Barbecued Meat is a Manchu dish which has now become a Beijing specialty. More then 300 years ago it was the custom for Qing officials in Beijing to go on picnics in the hills around the capital on the Double Ninth Festival (the ninth day of the ninth month of the lunar calendar). They would bring with them boiled beef or mutton, various seasonings and garnishes, and an iron pan for re-cocking the meat. In some attractive spot they would build a fire, heat the pan over it and sear the cold boiled meat in the pan. The seared meat was then dipped into soy sauce and mashed garlic before being eaten. This dish was gradually introduced into restaurants. About eight years ago, the recipe was changed to make the meat more palatable: raw beef or mutton was cut into thin slices and marinated before searing. This kind of barbecued meat then became very popular.

Sticky Rice Balls (Ai Wo Wo): A court snack during the Yuan Dynasty (1206-1368), sticky rice balls have disseminated to the masses. Sticky rice, a special variety of rice, is first steamed, then pounded to a doughy consistency, shaped into a ball, and then stuffed with a sweet filling and dusted with rice flour. The usual fillings are sesame and white sugar, pea flour, jujube paste, or red bean paste. The result is an opaque, smooth-looking, chewy ball of sweetness.

Pastry Made of Soy Bean Flour (Lu da gun): A Beijing snack with a Muslim origin, rolling donkey refers to a kind of cake made with steamed glutinous millet or steamed sticky rice, filled with red pea, and then drizzled over with fried bean flour. After being cut into blocks, the cake is rolled in soybean flour, looking like a donkey rolling on the ground raising dust, hence the name.

Pea Flour Cake (Wan Dou Huang): Made with white peas, pea flour cake is a favorite springtime snack, and was very popular among members of the imperial court. A good pea flour cake should have a loose consistency; the taste should be refreshing, but not sweet.

Mung Bean Milk (Dou Zhi): Probably the most famous Beijing snack, mung bean milk is actually the fluid remnants of the mung bean noodle making process. It looks grayish-green, tastes mostly sour with a tinge of sweetness, and has a peculiar odor – it's definitely an acquired taste. First-timers often drink mung bean milk accompanied with a few Chinese-style pickle wedges, which locals say makes it easier to go down.

food food food

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Beijing city wall

 

Forbidden City Wall Imperial City
Inner City Wall Outer City Wall

There were basically four city walls in Beijing. The wall surrounding Forbidden City can be considered one of the most famous city walls. Besides that, there is another higher and larger walls surrounded the wall of Forbidden City which was named as Imperial City. The Inner City and the Outer City are another two city walls which were left by the ancestors.

Forbidden City Wall

The Forbidden City which was located more to the south part of inner city was the palace for both Ming and Qing Dynasty. It is 960 meters length and 760 meters width at a total area of 0.72 square kilometers. There are a total of eight city gates throughout the Forbidden City, Donghuamen at the east, Xihuamen at the west, Xuanwumen (later renamed as Shenwumen in Qing Dynasty) at the north, and the rest Chengtianmen (later renamed as Tiananmen in Qing Dynasty), Duanmen, Wumen, Zuoyemen and Youyemen. There are 7 main buildings which were constructed on the central axis of Forbidden City. By using Qianqingmen as the boundary, the three buildings in front were purposely for official used while the rest of three behind were for residential purposes. Besides that, there is a moat with 52 meters width surrounded the Forbidden City.

Imperial City

Imperial City was built within 1406 to 1420 by using bricks and painted in red color. The top of the Imperial City was covered by yellow glazed tiles. The overall length of Imperial Wall has reached over 9000 meters with 6 meters height. The imperial gate which named as Damingmen (renamed as Daqingmen in Qing Dynasty and later Zhonghuamen in Republic of China) was located at the south of this wall. City gate was named according to the compass direction, which means that the gate at the east was called Donganmen, Xianmen at the west and Beianmen at the north (Later, renamed as Dianmen in Qing Dynasty). However, most of the walls were destroyed in the early of Republic of China. Nowadays, only two sections of Imperial Wall still can be found standing on both sides of Tiananmen.

Inner City Wall

Inner City was built within 1370 to 1419, with the overall length of 24 km and 9 city gates. The south gate of Inner City was Qianmen with Chongwenmen on the left and Xuanwumen on the right. The rest of the gates were Chaoyangmen, Dongzhimen, Fuchengmen, Xizhimen, Andingmen and Deshengmen.

Outer City Wall

During Ming Dynasty, the people living around Qianmen were increasing and in order to avoid attacks from outsiders, Emperor Jiajing decided to construct an Outer City. The construction was taken place in 1553 and was completed within a year. The roads throughout Beijing inner and outer city were mostly in one of the compass directions. The streets which heading towards city gate were relatively larger when compared to others. However, there were slightly difference between the inner city and outer city. As for inner city, the city wall was built before the formation of a town. Besides that most of the major roads were named according to the name of city gates.

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Beijing Transportation

 

Beijing Railway Beijing Roads
Air Subway

Beijing city which serve as the capital of China has long been one of the largest and most important transportation hub throughout East Asian region. There are basically four main transportation methods throughout Beijing. Most of the international tourists choose to reach Beijing by airways. However, if you are travelling from other cities of China, you can also try on a cheaper way which is by railway services. You may take the opportunity to enjoy the countryside scenery along your journey to Beijing. However, after you reached Beijing, the major methods that can be used for travelling around are either by Beijing subway or on road transportations.

Beijing Railway

Beijing has long been the largest railway hub in China. Railway lines from Beijing to almost every part of China, such as Shanghai, Guangzhou, Kowloon, Harbin, Chengde, Tianjin etc, is available on schedule. There are four main railway stations in Beijing, which are the Beijing Railway Station, Beijing West Railway Station, Beijing South Railway Station and Beijing North Railway Station. A very strong traditional 1950’s design can be seen from the Beijing Railway Station architectural design which was put into service in 1950. It is located at an extremely centered location which is just next to Jianguomen.

Due to the rapid increase of traffic load, Beijing West Railway Station was opened in 1996. Beijing West Railway Station has therefore take over the traffic which arrives from northern part of Beijing (including Harbin, Shenyang and Dalian), Eastern part of Beijing (including Qingdao and Jinan) as well as traffic from Eastern Seaboard (Shanghai, Nanjing and Hangzhou). Beijing North Railway Station which was formally known as Xizhimen Station is another railway station in Beijing. It is a smaller station when compared to the rest of three railway station in Beijing and it serves mostly intercity train to and forth North and North West part of Beijing city. Beijing South Railway Station is a massive and new railway station which opened in August 1, 2008. This railway station is reported to be the largest railway station in Asia and serves as the terminus for Beijing-Tianjin Intercity Rail, the high-speed trains to the city which can reach up to 350 km/h.

Beijing Roads

As the capital of China, Beijing is well connected to every part of China via road links and as a part of China National Trunk Road Network. An elaborated five ring roads which appears more likely to rectangular shape rather than ring-shaped has been developed within Beijing city throughout the history. Perhaps it is due to the status Beijing as an ancient city or the traditional culture of Chinese people, roads in Beijing are basically in one of the four compass directions. With the Forbidden City area as the geographical centre, the ring roads which successively surround the city have made up the Beijing major urban transportation.

The calculation of ring roads is begun with 2nd ring road which is located within Beijing’s inner city center since the first ring road is not officially defined. The ubiquitous traffic jams in Beijing has long been a major concern for each and everyone in Beijing. Traffic in Beijing city is always a headache especially during rush hour. Changan Street which is the main street connects between East and West part of Beijing, is one of the most congested area throughout Beijing city. Local buses are most common transportation method among Beijing city, but this method is not recommended for those who are not able to understand basic communication in mandarin. Besides that, all taxis are metered and charged a standard starting fee and a per kilometers fee after first three kilometers. However, most taxi drivers are not English literate. So please get ready with addresses written in Mandarin.

Air

Beijing Capital International Airport which is located about 20 kilometers to the North East of Beijing city centre and being one of the largest airports in the world is the main hub of airways reaching China. This airport which serves as the most important gateway to the capital of China has currently available with three terminals. Most international flights are landed at either Terminal 2 or Terminal 3. For the convenience of transit passengers especially for those who are going to transit between terminals, complimentary shuttle bus between terminals is available.

Moreover, the Airport Express which offers an express way to the heart of Beijing within 30 minutes is the most suitable transportation method especially for those who would like to escape from the crowded traffic of Beijing city. On top of that, this express way is connected to Beijing Subway system at Line 10 and Line 2 which provide the fastest route for those who are in rush of time. There are some other airports in Beijing, such as Nanyuan Airport, Xijiao Airport, Beiyuan Airport, Liangxiang Airport, Shahe Airport, Tongxian Airport, Miyun Airport, Badaling Airport etc. However, majority of these airports are for military used and is less known to the public.

Subway

Beijing Subway system can be considered as the best way to travel around in Beijing. Major attractions are mostly reachable by Beijing subway system. Since the establishment of Beijing Subway system in 1971, it has encountered a huge development and keeps on expansion especially for the purpose of Beijing Olympic 2008. There are a total of 7 lines on service at this moment excluding Beijing Airport Express. Line 1 is the oldest subway line available in Beijing which connects between Pingguoyuan (West part of Beijing) and Sihuidong (East part of Beijing). Major subway train of Line 1 has been replaced by new ones, however, some old train are still in service.

Line 2 which run a loop under the 2nd ring road, Line 5 which connects between Tiantongyuanbei (North part of Beijing) and Songjiazhuang (South part of Beijing), Line 8 which reaches the Olympic Green, Line 10 which connects between Bagou (North West part Beijing) and Jinsong (South East part Beijing), Line 13 which runs a semi-looping from Dongzhimen to Xizhimen, and Batong Line which runs from Sihui to Tuqiao at eastern part of Beijing are servicing the public and wishing to provide a high quality transportation method to locals and foreigners as well. Nowadays, the constructions of Beijing Subway are still in process and are estimated to be completed in 2015. It is hope to ensure every corner of Beijing city is well-connected by subway system.

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Universities

 

Peking

Tsinghua University

Beijing is the center of higher learning in China. In fact, Beijing University and Tsinghua University have been consistently ranked among the top universities in the world in recent times. As such it attracts the top talents from across China and is the destination for thousands of foreign scholars each year. Most of the universities are clustered in Haidian District in the northwestern part of the city. Nearly all of the universities in Beijing accept foreign students. Most foreign students are on Chinese language programs which can last from a few weeks to a couple of years. If you have a sufficient HSK level you can enroll in programs to study other subjects.

  • Tsinghua University (清华大学 Qīnghuá Dàxué)
  • Peking University (北京大学 Běijīng Dàxué)
  • Renmin University of China (中国人民大学 Zhōngguó Rénmín Dàxué)
  • China University of Political Science and Law (中国政法大学 Zhōngguó Zhèngfǎ Dàxué)
  • Beijing Language and Culture University (北京语言文化大学 Běijīng Yǔyán Wénhuà Dàxué)
  • University of International Business and Economics (对外经济贸易大学 Duìwài Jīngjì Màoyì Dàxué)
  • Beijing Normal University (北京师范大学 Běijīng Shīfàn Dàxué)
  • China Media University (中国传媒大学 Zhōngguó Chuánméi Dàxué)
  • Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (北京航空航天大学 Běijīng Hángkōng Hángtiān Dàxué)
  • Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications (北京邮电大学 Běijīng Yóudiàn Dàxué)
  • Beijing Jiaotong University (北京交通大学 Běijīng Jiāotōng Dàxué)
  • China Agriculture University (中国农业大学 Zhōngguó nóngyè Dàxué)
  • Beijing Institute of Technology (北京理工大学 Běijīng Lǐgōng Dàxué)
  • Beijing University of Technology (北京工业大学 Běijīng Gōngyè Dàxué)
  • Beijing University of Science and Technology (北京科技大学 Běijīng Kējì Dàxué)
  • China Youth University for Political Sciences (中国青年政治学院 Zhōngguó Qīngnián Zhèngzhi Xuéyuàn)
  • Global Village (地球村学校 Dìqiú Cūn Xuéxiào). Branches in both Wangjing and Wudaokou. This is an extremely popular place for Chinese language courses, especially for Korean students. Teaching quality is reportedly high.

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